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The Simpsons


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By TM
Alternate Names: 

Simpsons, The Simpsons Show



The Simpsons





The Simpsons is the longest running prime time animated series in history; created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.

The Simpsons is nationally as well as internationally famous and over the years special guests have included The Beatles, Tony Blair, Bill Clinton, Bob Hope, Tom Jones, Hugh Hefner, Bette Midler, Kim Basinger, Jerry Springer, Blink 182, Tony Hawk, Mel Gibson, Stephen Hawking and many many more.

The series is about an 'average' American family, parents Marge and Homer, their children, Bart, Lisa and Maggie and their pets Snowball and Santa’s Little Helper. They live in a make-believe average American town called Springfield.

Marge and Homer are parents like any other who try to provide parental control over their children. Homer tends to be a little on the childish side himself but with that, Bart’s trouble making, Lisa’s genius and Maggie’s quiet humour it all adds up to a lot of fun and a lot of comedy, which is probably what makes it so popular.

Irreverence is one of the show's keys. In fact, some episodes take jabs at Fox, such as in one opening sequence when Bart sees the Fox logo, begins stomping on it and the family joins in.

The Simpsons show is also in the Guinness Book of Records for the longest running prime time animated series, and also for the most celebrities featured in an animated series.

Not only does it have the family, but it has probably more than 100 secondary characters. There are few if not sitcoms that have more than 100 secondary characters, like Burns and Smithers and Chief Wiggums and the Comic Book Guy and Sideshow Mel. Everyone one of them has his own individual quirks, and they allow the series to mine more material.

The show has such a place in culture that Homer’s phrase "D’oh" made it into the 2001 edition of the Oxford English Dictionary. The Simpsons also has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.


Plot and Format: 

The Simpsons is the longest-running prime-time animated show on TV. The show uses the standard setup of a situational comedy or "sitcom" and centers its episodes on the life of a typical American family in the typical American town of Springfield (its location is unknown)

The series cover a vast range of topics of modern society with an acid humour approach. They include a range that goes from religious and political issues to environmental and educational ones; to mention just a few. The show is so influential in various aspects of society that it gave raise to different feedbacks; from imposing new expressions to our language to negative reactions of religious and political members who find many aspects of the show to contradict several of their beliefs of for considering the show as a poor model for children. There was an incident in 1992 when the then US president George H. Bush expressed "We're going to strengthen the American family to make them more like the Waltons and less like the Simpsons".

By having Homer work in a nuclear power plant, the show can comment on the state of the environment. Through Bart and Lisa's days at Springfield Elementary School, the show's writers illustrate pressing or controversial issues in the field of education. The town features a vast array of media channels—from kids' television programming to local news, which enables the producers to make jokes about themselves and the entertainment industry.

Some commentators say the show is political in nature and susceptible to a left-wing bias. Al Jean admitted in an interview that "We are of liberal bent." The writers often evince an appreciation for progressive ideals, but the show makes jokes across the political spectrum. The show portrays government and large corporations as callous entities that take advantage of the common worker. Thus, the writers often portray authority figures in an unflattering or negative light. In The Simpsons, politicians are corrupt, ministers such as Reverend Lovejoy are indifferent to churchgoers, and the local police force is incompetent. Religion also figures as a recurring theme. In times of crisis, the family often turns to God, and the show has dealt with most of the major religions.

Matt Groening once mentioned: "The Simpsons is my memories of my family and my friends' families, combined with all the TV sitcoms I watched growing up: Leave It to Beaver, Ozzie and Harriet. All those bland American sitcoms which I really liked, and still do."

The resemblance ends there. The Simpsons are a working class family - dad Homer works at the local nuclear power plant, mum Marge is a housewife and their son, Bart, is one pip away from delinquency. Those bland 50s sitcoms would never have featured crooked Mayors, or jokes about the President's taste in women.


History and evolution: 

Prehistory - The Tracey Ullman shorts

The Simpsons are the brainchild of Matt Groening. He started out as a cartoonist by drawing a weekly comic strip for a set of regional newspapers, called "Life In Hell." They featured a rabbit called Blinky (yes, that's the name of the three-eyed fish in The Simpsons) and detailed the dark side of life. Books of these early cartoons are sold in bookstores.

Then one day, Matt got a call from James L Brooks (now co-producer of The Simpsons). James had seen his comic strip and wanted Matt to do some animation for the Tracey Ullman show - minute long "buffer" cartoons, showing before and after commercials.

The Tracey Ullman Show was a weekly American television variety show, hosted by British comedian and onetime pop singer Tracey Ullman. It debuted on April 5, 1987 as the FOX network's second primetime series (after Married... with Children), and ran until May 26, 1990. The show featured sketch comedy along with many musical numbers.

Matt originally planned to use his Life In Hell characters, however, at the last moment, he realized that doing this would ruin the characters as well as the fact that animating Life in Hell would require the rescinding of publication rights for his life's work, he chose another approach and formulated his version of a dysfunctional family. So he made up some more characters on the spot: The Simpsons. As he was not feeling particularly creative that day, he named them after his only father: Matt's father is called Homer, and his mother is called Margaret (he thought Marge was a funnier name). He also has two sisters called Lisa and Maggie. In the case of Bart, he was modeled after Groening's older brother, Mark; however he substituted "Bart" for Mark. He called the main character Bart, because it is an anagram of 'brat'. He sketched out the original drawings for the family in a matter of minutes while sitting outside James Brooks' office.

Jay Kogen, writer-producer of The Tracey Ullman Show (1987–89) and The Simpsons (1989–93) said in an interview: They really wanted Life in Hell. But Matt was making a good bit of money on mugs and calendars from Life in Hell, and Fox wanted to own the whole thing. He said, "I won't sell you this. But I have this other family, called The Simpsons, that you can have." And then he proceeded to draw something on a napkin that legend has it he just made up on the spot. And they said, "O.K., we'll do that!"

The Simpson family was first aired in shorts format, on April 19, 1987. The shorts are a series of 48 one-minute shorts that ran for three seasons, before the characters spun off into their own half-hour prime time show. The animation and voices of the characters were extremely crappy in comparison with more current Simpsons episodes; and as Matt Groening mentioned during an interview: "I gave the animators my rough sketches... I thought they were going to clean them up a little, but it turns out all they were doing was tracing my drawings."

The stories were written and storyboarded by Matt Groening. The actors who voiced the characters would later reprise their roles in The Simpsons.

Dan Castellaneta performed the voices of Homer Simpson, Abraham Simpson, and Krusty the Clown. Homer's voice sounds different in the shorts compared to most episodes of the half-hour show. Castellaneta had been part of the regular cast of The Tracey Ullman Show and had done some voice over work in Chicago alongside his wife Deb Lacusta. Voices were needed for the shorts, so the producers decided to ask Castellaneta as well as Julie Kavner to voice Homer and Marge rather than hire more actors. Kavner, Nancy Cartwright, and Yeardley Smith performed the voices of Marge Simpson, Bart Simpson, and Lisa Simpson respectively. While most of the characters' personalities are similar to what they are in the series, Lisa is portrayed as a female version of Bart without the intelligent nature that she possesses in the half-hour series.

The animation was produced at Klasky Csupo, (an entertainment production company located in Los Angeles, California founded by artist/producer Arlene Klasky and master animator Gábor Csupó) with Wesley Archer, David Silverman, and Bill Kopp being animators for the first season. After season one it was animated by Archer and Silverman.

Gabor Csupo said in an interview: When Jim Brooks originally saw Matt Groening's drawings on his wall, it was all black-and-white, just the line drawing, no color or anything. And that's how he wanted to do the show. And we said, "You know what? We gonna give you color for the same price." And all of a sudden the eyes lit up and he said, "O.K., you guys are on." The characters were so beautiful but, let's face it, primitively designed that we thought that we could counterbalance that design with shocking colors. That's why we came up with the yellow skin, and the blue hair for Marge. Georgie Peluse was the colorist and the person who decided to make the characters yellow. According to David Silverman; she had a weird, wonderful sense of color design. A really interesting sense of color. As he mentions in an interview: "I think she did that because Bart, Lisa and Maggie had no hairlines, and if you made them flesh-colored it would look very strange. It wouldn't work. To Matt's credit, he looked at it and said, Marge is yellow with blue hair? That's hilarious--let's do it!"

The bumper episodes were amusing snippets of the dysfunctional family's daily life, focusing mostly on the kids being kids, and the grief they caused their parents.

The first short aired was "Good Night". The final short to air was "TV Simpsons", originally airing on May 14, 1989.

Only a few of these shorts have been released on DVD. "Good Night" was included on The Simpsons Season 1 DVD. Five of the shorts were later used in the clip show episode "The Simpsons 138th Episode Spectacular", which was released on the Season 7 DVD. These five shorts were "Good Night", which was featured in its entirety and portions of "The Perfect Crime", "Space Patrol", "World War III", and "Bathtime".

Though critics liked The Tracey Ullman Show, the series wasn't a big hit; but, then, neither was much else on the network. Still, Barry Diller (former chairman and C.E.O., Fox), saw that the big-three networks were getting old and tired—they were losing viewers to cable and independent networks—and he was eager to experiment. In early 1988, he launched one of television's first reality programs, America's Most Wanted (Cops would follow in 1989), while taking the sitcom in lewd new directions with Married … with Children. When Brooks approached him with the idea of making The Simpsons into its own series, Diller eventually bit, thinking that the show might be, as he later put it, "the one that can crack the slab for us."

So in 1989, Fox commissioned a whole series: 13 full-length episodes. The animation was still a little crude, but the show was a huge hit nonetheless.

Tracey Ullman would later file a lawsuit, claiming that her show was the source of The Simpsons success and therefore should receive a share of the show's profit. She wanted a share of The Simpsons' merchandising and gross profits and believed she was entitled to $2.5 million of Fox's estimated $50 million in 1992. The Fox network had paid her $58,000 in royalties for The Simpsons as well as $3 million for the 3 1/2 seasons her show was on the air. Eventually the courts ruled in favor of the network.

The Simpsons - Season 1

In 1989, a team of production companies adapted The Simpsons into a half-hour series for the Fox Broadcasting Company. They continued working with the Klasky Csupo animation house. Jim Brooks negotiated a provision in the contract with the Fox network that prevented Fox from interfering with the show's content.

FOX was very nervous about the show because they were unsure that they could sustain the audience's attention for the duration of the episode. They proposed that they should do three 7 minute shorts per episode and four specials until the audience adjusted. In the end, they proposed FOX for 13 full-length episodes; and the deal was done.

The series was originally set to debut in November of 1989 with the episode "Some Enchanted Evening" (13th and final episode of the first season), which was meant to introduce the main characters. However, during the first screening of the episode, the producers discovered that the animation was so appalling that 70% of the episode needed to be redone.

One problem was that much of the actual work would have to be farmed out to studios in Korea, which were used to animating Transformers and not sophisticated comedy shows. Another was that most of the staff—including Brooks and Groening—had little experience with animation. According to Michael Mendel, when the first show came back from Korea it was a complete disaster. It was unairable.

So, The producers considered to cancel the series if the next episode "Bart the Genius" turned out as bad, but it only suffered from easily fixable problems. Finally the producers convinced Fox to move the debut to December 17, and aired "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire" as the first episode of the series. It must be pointed out that due to the aforementioned animation problems, this episode which was originally the eighth episode produced for season one; was finally aired as the first of the series; that's why Santa's Little Helper is missing during the first half of the season that followed. It's also known as "The Simpsons Christmas Special". Ironically "Some Enchanted Evening" was aired as the season finale.

Barry Diller said that when they screened the first episode, for a number of Fox executives, they all went down to Gracie Films bungalow over at The Simpsons, and not a single person in the room was laughing, except for him and Jim Brooks. However they put it on, and it became more and more successful every week.

The problem with the animation from the producers' point-of-view was that it did not go by a distinct style envisioned for the show. At the time there were only a few choices for animation style. Usually, they would either follow the style of Disney, Warner Brothers or Hanna-Barbera. Disney and Warner Brothers cartoons had a universe that was bendy and the characters seemed to be made of rubber. The producers wanted a realistic environment in which the characters and objects could not do anything that was not possible in the real world. One example with the early animation being cartoonish was that the doors behaved liked rubber when slammed. The style of Hanna-Barbera featured the use of cartoon sounds, which they did not want either.

Directorial duties for the retakes were handed from Kent Butterworth to David Silverman, who already had considerable experience directing the shorts.

The episode, being the first to air, lacked the now famous opening sequence which was later added in the second episode when Groening thought of the idea of a longer opening sequence resulting in less animation.

David Silverman directed this episode, although Rich Moore storyboarded it and designed Flanders. In this episode, Barney had yellow hair which was the same color as his skin, but that was later dropped because of the belief that only the Simpson family should have such hair.

The second episode to be aired was "Bart the Genius" and as mentioned before it represented a turning point for the future of the show, as it was also the second episode produced, directly after the disastrous animation of "Some Enchanted Evening," so, the future of the series depended on how the animation turned out on this episode. Fortunately, thing went fine, the animation proved to be more acceptable, and the show went forward.

It was the first episode written by Jon Vitti and the first directed by David Silverman.

The episode was the first to feature the series' full title sequence, including the chalkboard gag and couch gag. Matt Groening developed the lengthy sequence in order to cut down on the animation necessary for each episode, but devised the two gags as compensation for the repeated material each week. However it must me mentioned that title sequences of such length were uncommon by that time. Later, as the finished episodes became longer, the production team were reluctant to cut the stories in order to allow for the long title sequence, so shorter versions of it were developed. The episode also introduced the characters Martin Prince and Edna Krabappel. It was also the first episode to use of Bart's catchphrase "Eat my shorts."

There were a few problems with the finished animation for this second episode. The banana in the opening scene was colored incorrectly, as the Korean animators were unfamiliar with the fruit, and the final bathtub scene was particularly problematic, including issues with lip synchronization. Nevertheless, the broadcasted episode was the best of several attempts.

The first season won one Emmy Award, and received four additional nominations. Although television shows are limited to one episode a category, "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire" was considered a separate special, and was nominated alongside "Life on the Fast Lane" for Outstanding Animated Program; "Life on the Fast Lane" won the award. "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire" was also nominated for "Outstanding Editing in a Miniseries or Special", while "The Call of the Simpsons" was nominated for "Outstanding Individual Achievement in Sound Mixing for a Comedy Series or a Special". The main theme song, composed by Danny Elfman, was nominated for "Outstanding Achievement in Main Title Theme Music"

The show hit a ratings high at the end of its first season, in the spring of 1990, cracking the Top 10 (the only Fox show to do so that year). Fox struck a deal with Mattel, and talking Bart Simpson dolls began disappearing from department-store shelves. Bart T-shirts were selling at the rate of a million per day in North America. His catchphrases, such as "Underachiever and proud of it" and "Don't have a cow, man," became staples of early-90s lexicon. Bootleg merchandise was soon as ubiquitous as the real thing. "Black Bart" T-shirts were a popular phenomenon in African-American communities, with Bart's catchphrases altered to "Watch it, mon!" and, without irony, "You wouldn't understand; it's a black thing". The Simpsons merchandise sold well and generated US$2 billion in revenue during the first 14 months of sales.

With Bart omnipresent and Fox expanding its programming schedule from three nights a week to five, a bold plan was hatched: beginning with the show's second season, in the fall of 1990, it would be moved to Thursday nights, where it would take on the reigning television champion, NBC's The Cosby Show.

The Simpsons - Season 2

"Two Cars in Every Garage and Three Eyes on Every Fish" (4th episode of the 2nd season) was the first episode produced for the season, but "Bart Gets an F" aired first because Bart was popular at the time and the producers decided that to premiering with a Bart themed episode would draw more attention.

So, "Bart Gets an F" is the first episode of The Simpsons' second season, aired on October 11, 1990. This was the first episode to feature the series' new, shorter opening sequence. This episode marked the first appearance of Mayor Quimby.

The second season featured a new opening sequence, which was shortened by fifteen seconds from its original length of roughly 1 minute, 30 seconds. The opening sequence for the first season showed Bart stealing a "Bus Stop" sign; whilst the new sequence featured him skateboarding past several characters who had been introduced during the previous season. Starting with this season, there were three versions of the opening: a full roughly 1 minute 15 second long version, a 45 second version and a 25 second version. This gave the show's editors more leeway.

The episode was ranked 31st on Entertainment Weekly' list of the 100 Greatest Moments in Television. It marked the first time that The Simpsons aired at the same time as The Cosby Show on NBC. It averaged an 18.4 Nielsen Rating and 29% of the audience. An estimated 33.6 million viewers watched the episode, making it the number one show in terms of actual viewers that week. At the time, it was the most watched episode in the history of the Fox Network and it is still the highest rated episode in the history of the show.

This episode marked a presage of the passing of the baton from '80s family function to '90s dysfunction--it immediately took a chunk out of the NBC champ. and as Matt Groening recalls, "That was when we started figuring out what we were doing, I thought, Okay, we're going to be around for a while."

However the Fox network decided to move The Simpsons from 8:00 PM on Sunday night to 8:00 PM on Thursday where it would compete with The Cosby Show, the number one show at the time. Most of the producers, including James L. Brooks, were against this desicion because The Simpsons had been in the top 10 while airing on Sunday and they were sure this would cause the ratings to plummet.

During the second season The Cosby Show beat The Simpsons every time, furthermore The Simpsons fell out of the top 10. It would not be until the third season episode "Homer at the Bat" (17th episode of the 3rd season) that The Simpsons would beat The Cosby Show for the first time.

Speaking mainly from the animation side, as specified by Silverman, the animation started to click at the beginning of season 2, it was beginning to look more standardized. There were flashes of really good animation here and there. There were some in the first season, especially with Brad Bird's episode, "Krusty Gets Busted" (12th episode of the 1st season); that episode of the 1st season really helped set a standard for the 2nd season.

The 2nd season saw the introduction of several new recurring characters, including Mayor Quimby, Kang and Kodos, Maude Flanders, Bill and Marty, Dr. Hibbert, Roger Meyers, Sideshow Mel, Lionel Hutz, Dr. Nick Riviera, Blue Haired Lawyer, Rainier Wolfcastle, Troy McClure, Groundskeeper Willie, Hans Moleman, Professor Frink and Comic Book Guy.

In the beginning, Bart was made to be the main character. This is evident from the vast number of Bart-orientated episodes in the first few Seasons, such as Bart The General and Bart The Daredevil. Bart was also the center of much of the merchandise, and even the focal point of two music videos: Do The Bartman and Trouble.

However, after a few Seasons, it emerged that Homer was more popular, hence the large increase in Homer-orientated episodes in later seasons, such as Homer The Heretic and Homer Vs. Patty & Selma among others.

The Simpsons - Season 3

Aired between September 19, 1991 and May 7, 1992. This season could be considered as the one which made The Simpson to finally take off for good. During this season 24 episodes were aired.

During this season Hank Azaria became a regular cast member. He joined the show aged 22, having previously performed only one voice over, as an animated dog in the Fox pilot Hollywood Dog. The first voice he performed was that of town bartender Moe Szyslak, replacing Christopher Collins who had voiced the character in several previous episodes. At the time he was doing a play, in which he performed the role of a drug dealer, basing his voice on Al Pacino in Dog Day Afternoon. He used that voice in the audition, and was told by Matt Groening and Sam Simon to make it more gravelly, with it becoming the voice of Moe. Groening and Simon thought it was perfect and took Azaria over to the Fox recording studio. At that point he was given a contract and made a permanent member of the cast. As well as Moe, Wiggum and Apu, Azaria provides the voices of Comic Book Guy, Carl Carlson, Cletus Spuckler, Professor Frink, Dr. Nick Riviera, Lou, Snake, Kirk Van Houten, the Sea Captain, Superintendent Chalmers, Duffman, the "Wise Guy" and numerous other one-time characters.

Regarding the animation and style of the characters, this season was the one that standardized many of their aspect. They had other artists joining the staff, and different layout artists would bring different ideas. When they were working on the "Flaming Moe" episode, Rich Moore really got to develop Moe as a character, coming up with little traits like scratching his ear. In the second season, the directors had fewer episodes, so they could really focus more on each episode. They were all beginning to clarify how these characters should move and act. The third season saw the introductions of four characters: Lunchlady Doris, Fat Tony, and Kirk and Luann Van Houten.

This was the final season released on VHS. All later seasons were released on DVD only. The DVD edition featured commentary for every episode, keeping to tradition.

On January 27, 1992, the first President Bush proclaimed "We're going to strengthen the American family to make them more like the Waltons and less like the Simpsons" during a speech of his re-election campaign at the National Religious Broadcaster's convention in Washington.

Afterwards, the show retaliated when Bart responded, in the next broadcast of the Simpsons which was actually a rerun of "Stark Raving Dad" (first aired on September 19, 1991) on January 30. In that broadcast there was hastily included a new opening, which was a response to Bush's speech. The scene begins in the Simpsons living room. Homer, Patty, and Selma sit on couch. Maggie is in her high chair next to the couch. Bart and Lisa are sprawled on the carpet. They all stare at the TV, watching Bush's speech. When Bush says "We need a nation closer to the Waltons than the Simpsons", Bart replies "Hey, we're just like the Waltons. We're praying for an end to the Depression, too". The animation for this scene was recycled from the Season 2 episode Simpson and Delilah.

Due to the popularity already aquired by the show; they were also transported to the Video Games world with The Simpsons: The Arcade Game. It's an arcade game produced by Konami in 1991. It is a beat 'em up based on the cartoon series of the same name. The voice actors of the immediate family (Dan Castellaneta, Julie Kavner, Nancy Cartwright, and Yeardley Smith) provide their talents for their respective characters. The game was ported to the Commodore 64, and PC.

The Simpsons - Season 4 and on

During the 4th season when the episode "A Streetcar Named Marge" was produced. The musical within the episode contains a controversial song about New Orleans, which describes the city as a "home of pirates, drunks and whores", among other things. Jeff Martin, the writer of the episode, had meant the song to be a parody of the opening number in Sweeney Todd, which speaks of London in unflattering terms. Al Jean later explained that two Cajun characters were supposed to walk out of the theater in disgust, but none of the voice actors could provide a convincing Cajun accent.

Before the premiere of the fourth season, the producers sent two episodes to critics: "Kamp Krusty" and "A Streetcar Named Marge". A New Orleans critic viewed "A Streetcar Named Marge" and published the song lyrics in his newspaper before the episode aired. Many readers took the lyrics out of context, and New Orleans' Fox affiliate, WNOL, received about one hundred complaints on the day the episode aired. Several local radio stations also held on-air protests in response to the song.

The Simpsons' producers rushed out a chalkboard gag for the next episode aired on October 8, 1992 "Homer the Heretic". It read, "I will not defame New Orleans." The gag was their attempt to "apologize" for the song and hopefully bring the controversy to an end.

As Bartmania cooled off, and the series moved toward institutional status with its fourth, fifth, and sixth seasons, the show's quality miraculously refused to drop. It got funnier, smarter, richer in allusion and parody. The producers changed animation studios from Klasky Csupo to Film Roman in the fourth season, updating the rudimentary look with slicker designs and a more varied palette.

After Simon had left, in 1993, different writers were promoted to fill the role of show-runner. Al Jean and Mike Reiss took over first. Then the producers brought in David Mirkin, who had written for Three's Company and created Get a Life, with Chris Elliot. After Mirkin came longtime writers Bill Oakley and Josh Weinstein, followed by Mike Scully (who stayed in charge for four seasons—the unwritten rule had been that show-runners stay for two years), before the show was given back to Al Jean, who has run The Simpsons since 2001.

As the series relinquished the emotional grounding of the early years, it became more topical. Later episodes seemed increasingly tailored to guest appearances—a forgivable sin, concerning the impressive list: Mick Jagger, Mel Gibson, Alec Baldwin and Kim Basinger, Steve Martin, Elton John, Ludacris, Ricky Gervais, Elvis Costello, Stephen Hawking, Tony Blair, Frank Gehry, Susan Sarandon, Tom Clancy, and J. K. Rowling (to name a few). Even the earliest seasons had been graced by Michael Jackson, Penny Marshall, and Elizabeth Taylor, who voiced Maggie's first word, "Daddy".

Regarding the guest appereances when Michael Jackson played the voice of Leon Kompowsky in the first episode of season 3 "Stark Raving Dad", the producers didn't want him to be uncredited; they wanted him to be Michael Jackson; according to them that was the point of the whole joke of the episode. So they began saying that if you're going to be a guest on the show, you've got to own up to it. Hovever, Michael Jackson didn't want credit. So, in the third season they made a rule: You want to be on the show? You gotta own up to it! Though there's an exception with Joe Mantegna, who plays as Fat Tony. When he first appeared in the show with "Bart the Murderer," (4th episode of the 3rd season) Joe said, "Wherever I am, whatever I'm doing, you've got to get me on to do Fat Tony". So when-ever they do Fat Tony, they get Joe Mantegna.

In Season 14, production switched from traditional cel animation to digital ink and paint. The first episode to experiment with digital coloring was "Radioactive Man" in 1995. Animators used digital ink and paint during production of the Season 12 episode "Tennis the Menace", but Gracie Films delayed the regular use of digital ink and paint until two seasons later. The already completed "Tennis the Menace" was broadcast as made.

As the show's revenue continued to rise through syndication and DVD sales, the main cast stopped appearing for script readings in April 2004. The work stoppage occurred after weeks of unsuccessful negotiations with Fox, in which the cast asked for an increase in their pay to $360,000 per episode, or $8 million over a 22-episode season. On May 2, 2004, the actors reached an agreement with Fox; it was resolved—the actors now make more than "a hundred thousand dollars" an episode, and thus the show has kept rolling on. The contract has been renewed until 2009, and on July 27, 2007, the characters made the jump to the big screen.

At the end of 2007 the writers of The Simpsons went on strike together with the Writers Guild of America. However, the broadcasting of The Simpsons was not be affected by the strike. Each episode requires a long time to get produced, but since the episodes are ready up to a year in advance; the strike had to go on for a while if they should run out of new episodes.

While debate over the show's quality will rage (mostly on the Internet), what is significant is that it has persevered. Maybe The Simpsons' glory days passed a decade ago, the show is still reliable for some intelligent laughs, and comfortably sits in its eight-o'clock Sunday spot, watched by 10 million viewers every week. The writers' room is nearly as vibrant as ever, continuing to draw from Harvard and the cream of the young comedy-writing crop.

A jump to the big screen - The Movie

The production staff had considered a film adaptation of The Simpsons since early in the series. The show's creator, Matt Groening, felt a feature length film would allow them to increase the show's scale and animate sequences too complex for a TV series.

There were attempts to adapt the fourth season episode "Kamp Krusty" into a film, but difficulties were encountered in expanding the episode to feature-length. For a long time the project was held up.

There was difficulty finding a story that was sufficient for a film, and the crew did not have enough time to complete such a project, as they already worked full time on the show. Groening also expressed a wish to make Simpstasia, a parody of Fantasia; it was never produced, partly because it would have been too difficult to write a feature-length script. Before his death, Phil Hartman had said he had wished to make a live action Troy McClure film, and several of the show's staff had expressed a desire to help create it.

The voice cast was signed on to do the film in 2001, and work then began on the script. The producers were initially worried that creating a film would have a negative effect on the series, as they did not have enough crew to focus their attention on both projects. As the series progressed, additional writers and animators were hired so that both the show and the film could be produced at the same time.

Groening and James L. Brooks invited back Mike Scully and Al Jean (who continued to work as showrunner on the television series) to produce the film with them. They then signed David Silverman (who, in anticipation of the project, had quit his job at Pixar) to direct the film. A big writing team was assembled, with many of the writers from the show's early seasons being chosen. David Mirkin, Mike Reiss, George Meyer, John Swartzwelder and Jon Vitti were selected. Ian Maxtone-Graham and Matt Selman joined later, and Brooks, Groening, Scully, and Jean also wrote parts of the script. Sam Simon did not return having left the show over creative differences in 1993. Former writer Conan O'Brien wanted to work with the Simpsons staff again.

It must be noted also that the producers arranged a deal with Fox that would allow them to abandon production of the film at any point if they felt the script was unsatisfactory.

So, work continued on the screenplay from 2003 onwards, in the small bungalow where Groening first produced The Simpsons in 1987.

The writers spent six months discussing a plot, and each of them offered different ideas. Jean suggested the family rescue manatees, which finally became the 2005 episode "Bonfire of the Manatees", there was also an idea of implementing something similar to that of The Truman Show, where the characters discover their lives were just part of a TV show; though the latter was rejected by Groening, as he felt that the Simpsons should "never become aware of themselves as celebrities".

Then, Groening read about a town that had to get rid of pig feces in their water supply, which inspired the plot of the film. The decision for Flanders to have in an important role also came early on, as Jean wished to see Bart wonder what his life would be like if Flanders were his father. Having eventually decided on the basic outline of the plot for the film, the writers then separated it into seven sections. Jean, Scully, Reiss, Swartzwelder, Vitti, Mirkin, and Meyer wrote 25 pages each, and the group met one month later to merge the seven sections into one "very rough draft".

The film's script was written in the same way as the television series: the writers sitting around a table, pitching ideas and trying to make each other laugh. The script went through over 100 revisions. Groening described his desire to also make the film dramatically stronger than a TV episode, saying that he wanted to "give you something that you haven't seen before".

Animation for the film began in January 2006. Itchy & Scratchy short was the first scene to be storyboarded. Computer-generated imagery was rejected by Groening calling the film's animation "deliberately imperfect" and "a tribute to the art of hand-drawn animation". The format was wider (2.35:1 aspect ratio) than that of the show; and they added more details to the background as well as more color variations and tone changes, not enough so it would look totally different from the show but enough so it would have more richness on the screen. Otherwise, you'd be looking at very large flat colors.

In terms of the animation, they basically lavished the same intensity on every scene that they would do to a specific shot on the show, so according to Silverman where they are going to lavish a lot of attention on this one scene, for this one episode; they tried to lavish the same amount of attention on every scene. A lot of the animation was produced using Wacom Cintiq tablets, which allowed images to be drawn directly onto a computer monitor to facilitate production. Animation production work was divided among four studios around the world: Film Roman in Burbank, California, Rough Draft Studios in Glendale, California, and AKOM and Rough Draft Korea in Seoul, South Korea. Like the television series, the storyboarding, characters, background layout and animatic parts of production, were done in America. The overseas studios completed the animation, in-betweening and digital ink and paint processes.

The animators looked for inspiration films like, The Incredibles, Triplets of Belleville, and Bad Day at Black Rock; as according to Silverman they represent "a great education in staging because of how the characters are placed". For crowd scenes they've been inspired by It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World. Silverman looked also at some of the Simpsons episodes he had directed, primarily his two favorites, "Homie the Clown" and "Three Men and a Comic Book". Mike B. Anderson, Lauren MacMullan, Rich Moore, and Steven Dean Moore each directed the animation for around a quarter of the film under Silverman's supervision, with numerous other animators working on scenes.

As for the cast, for inspiration for the crowd scenes in the film, the production staff spent a long time looking at a poster that featured more than 320 Simpsons characters. Groening said they tried to include every single character in the film, with 98 having speaking parts.

The cast did the first of three table readings in May 2005, and began recording every week from June 2006 until the end of production. James L. Brooks directed them for the first time since the television show's early seasons. Castellaneta found the recording sessions "more intense" than recording the television series, and "more emotionally dramatic". Some scenes, such as Marge's video message to Homer, were recorded over one hundred times, leaving the voice cast exhausted.

The writers had written the opening concert scene without a specific band in mind. Green Day were cast in that role having requested to guest star in the show. Tom Hanks also appears as himself in the film and accepted the offer after just one phone call.

Nonetheless, because of lack of time, several guests who had recorded parts were cut from the film. Some examples of this are; Edward Norton recorded the part of the man who gets crushed as the dome is implemented, performing a Woody Allen impression. The staff felt the voice was too distracting, so Castellaneta re-recorded Norton's dialogue with a different voice; other examples include Isla Fisher, Erin Brockovich, Kelsey Grammer and Johnny Knoxville among others.

After winning a Fox and USA Today competition, Springfield, Vermont hosted the film's world premiere. The Simpsons Movie grossed a combined total of $74 million in its opening weekend in the US, taking it to the top of the box office, and set the record for highest grossing opening weekend for a film based on a television series, surpassing Mission Impossible II. It opened at the top of the international box office, taking $96 million from seventy-one overseas territories — including $27.8 million in the United Kingdom, making it Fox's second highest opening ever in that country. In Australia, it grossed AU$13.2 million, the biggest opening for an animated film and third largest opening weekend in the country. As of November 23, 2007 the film has a worldwide gross of $525,267,904.

7-Eleven stores redesigned a dozen of their stores to look like Kwik-E-Marts, Springfield, U.S.A.'s favorite convenience store owned by father of octuplets Apu Nahasapeemapetilon. Products from the show were brought to life, such as "Sprinklicious" donuts, Buzz Cola, Squishee frozen drinks, and KrustyO's, which sold over 4 million units. Burger King "Simpsonized" real life people into Simpsons characters, featured Krusty burgers instead of Whoppers, and had Homer drooling on Whoppers in their commercials. The promotion resulted in a 30% increase in profits for the changed 7-Eleven stores. The conversions lasted through early August, when the stores were converted back to 7-Elevens.

Future

Currently a twentieth season is under production, and due to be aired by fall 2008. No one knows for how many years the show will keep airing, but one thing is for sure; no other television series has achieved such a record of running for 20 consecutive years and still having that spark of success alive, as in the case of The Simpsons. Thus, it can be said for The Simpsons, that they represent a unique case in the history of television.


Production: 

Executive Producers

Matt Groening and James L. Brooks have been the executive producers of the show for its entire history. They are also creative consultants of The Simpsons.

Sam Simon, who'd co-developed the series with Brooks and Groening and served as creative supervisor during the first seasons; left the show in 1993. Nonetheless he's still credited as an executive producer.

Show Runners

The Simpsons has a long list of Show Runners who served in this position for the last two decades. (A Show Runner is the person who runs the daily operation of a TV show)

From season 1 to season 2 Matt Groening, James L. Brooks, & Sam Simon runned the show. Then from season 3 (1991-1992) to season 4 (1992-1993); Al Jean & Mike Reiss took that position. Later in seasons 5 and 6; came David Mirkin; followed by Bill Oakley amd Josh Weinstein in seasons 7 and 8. From season 9 and on Show Runners; would serve for more than the usual two-years term; Mike Scully being the first one serving for four seasons (seasons 9-12). From season 13 (2001-2002) to our days; Al Jean took the responsibility of running the show.

Writers

The writing team is made up of sixteen persons; each one of them bringing the new proposals and ideas for the next season at the beginning of each December. First the main writer of each episode writes the draft. Then follow the group rewriting sessions in order to build the final script. During these rewritting sessions they may add or remove jokes as well as inserting or removing scenes. Finally they call the vocal performers for re-reading of the lines.

The leading writer of the sessions is George Meyer, who was involved with the show since Season 1. According to long-time writer Jon Vitti, Meyer usually invents the best lines in a given episode, even though other writers may receive script credits.

Each episode requires six months of production; that's why there are rarely comments about current events in the episodes; with certain exceptions, like Halloween (Treehouse of Horror series) or the Super Bowl.

John Swartzwelder is the most prolific writer on The Simpsons' staff; he's credited with sixty episodes. Swartzwelder has been absent from writing episodes of The Simpsons since the fifteenth season (2003-04), with his last episode airing (The Regina Monologues) actually being a "holdover" from the fourteenth (2002-2003) season. He later returned for the The Simpsons Movie in 2007.

One of the best-known former writers is Conan O'Brien, who contributed to four episodes in the early 1990s before resigning his position on The Simpsons, despite the fact that his contract had not expiredthe, to move out to the talk show Late Night. Of all the episodes he wrote, he considers "Marge vs. the Monorail" to be his favorite

English comedian Ricky Gervais wrote the episode "Homer Simpson, This Is Your Wife", becoming the first celebrity to both write and guest star in an episode. In April 2008, Empire magazine reported that Seth Rogen and Evan Goldberg, writers of the film Superbad will write an episode.

At the end of 2007 the writers of The Simpsons went on strike together with the rest of the Writers Guild of America; which the writers of the show joined in 1998.

Actors who provide the voices

There are six main cast members. Dan Castellaneta plays the voices of Homer Simpson, Abraham Simpson, Krusty the Clown, and other adult, male characters. Julie Kavner does the voices of Marge Simpson and her sisters Patty and Selma; she also performs the voices of other minor characters. Nancy Cartwright performs the voices of Bart Simpson, Ralph Wiggum and other children. Yeardley Smith, does the voice of Lisa Simpson, is the only cast member who regularly voices only one character, although she occasionally plays other episodic characters.

There are two of the male actors who only play characters of the male townspeople; those being, Hank Azaria and Harry Shearer; the former provides the voices for Moe, Chief Wiggum, and Apu, while the latter provides the voices of Mr. Burns, Smithers, Principal Skinner, Ned Flanders, Reverend Lovejoy, and Dr. Hibbert.

Harry Shearer is the only member of the cast who didn't win an Emmy for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance.

Until 1998, the six main actors had salaries of $30,000 per episode. That year there was a pay dispute between the actors and Fox, which even threatened to replace them with new actors. The conflict reached to a happy end when they agreed to increase their salaries to$125,000 per episode. In 2004, again another conflict arose when the voice actors intentionally skipped several table reads, and demanded to have their salaries increased to $360,000 per episode. That conflict was resolved too and they are currently paid with earnings between $250,000 and $360,000 per episode. In 2008, production for the 20th season was put on hold due to new contract negotiations with the voice actors, who demand a salary that could go up near the $500,000 per episode.

There are also secondary actors like Pamela Hayden, Tress MacNeille, Marcia Wallace, Maggie Roswell, and Russi Taylor who provide the voices of recurring characters. From 1999 to 2002, Maggie Roswell's characters were voiced by Marcia Mitzman Gaven.

There are also "special guest" cast members which include Albert Brooks, Phil Hartman, Jon Lovitz, Joe Mantegna, and Kelsey Grammer.

With one exception, episode credits list only the voice actors, and not the characters they voice. During the early seasons the identities of the actors were kept secret by FOX network, closing most of the recording sessions or refusing to publish photos of the recording artists. However, in the episode "Old Money" their identities were revealed mentioning which role played each one; that happened because the producers said the voice actors should receive credit for their work. In 2003, the cast appeared in an episode of Inside the Actors Studio, doing live performances of their characters' voices.

The show also holds the Guinness World Record for "Most Celebrities Featured in an Animation series".

The show has been dubbed into several other languages, such as Japanese, German, Spanish, and Portuguese. It is also one the few programs dubbed in both French and Quebec French. The Simpsons has been broadcast in Arabic, but due to Islamic customs, numerous aspects of the show have been changed. For instance, Homer drinks soda instead of beer and eats Egyptian beef sausages instead of hot dogs. Because of such changes, the Arabized version of the series met with a negative reaction from many of the life-long Simpsons fans in those countries.

Animation

The Simpsons are animated in different studions in the US and other countries abroad. During the first years when the Simpsons were featured in The Tracey Ullman Show, the short were animated domestically at Klasky Csupo. During the first three seasons of the show, the episodes were animated at Klasky Csupo too. However 1992 the show's production company, Gracie Films (an American film and television production company, created by James L. Brooks in 1986) switched domestic animation to Film Roman, an American animation studio; which still animates the show to these days.

With the coming of The Simpsons Show series, Fox subcontracted production to several international studios, located in South Korea due to the increased worload. In Film Roman, they draw the storyboard, design new characters, backgrounds, props and draw character and background layouts, which in turn become animatics to be screened for the writers at Gracie Films for any changes to be made before the work is shipped overseas. The overseas studios then draw the inbetweens, ink and paint, and render the animation to tape before it is shipped back to the United States to be delivered to Fox three to four months later.

AKOM, a South Korean animation studio is responsible for the overseas animation for 200 episodes of The Simpsons. Another South Korean studio involved in the oversees animation for episodes from seasons 3–10 is Anivision.

Rough Draft Studios, Inc. (RDS) is an animation studio founded by Gregg Vanzo after he had finished directing season 1 of The Simpsons. Its primary headquarters are located in Glendale, California, United States with its sister studio, Rough Draft Korea in Seoul, South Korea.

Rough Draft Studios, Inc. (RDS) an animation studio located in Van Nuys, Los Angeles, California, has specialties in both character-driven animation and in the blending of 2-D with computer animation (as showcased in The Simpsons Movie and Futurama).

U.S. Animation, Inc., a studio laceted in Los Angeles, CA provided digital ink and paint services to The Simpsons. They jointly produced "Radioactive Man" with Anivision. They also produced "The Simpsons 138th Episode Spectacular".

Toonzone Entertainment worked on The Simpsons with "The Fat and the Furriest" and "She Used to Be My Girl" episodes.


Main Characters: 

Homer Simpson, Marge Simpson, Bart Simpson, Lisa Simpson, Maggie Simpson


Recurring Characters: 

Character Description First appearance
Abraham "Grampa" Simpson Father of Homer "Grampa and the Kids"
Mona Simpson Mother of Homer "Oh Brother, Where Art Thou?"
Jacqueline Bouvier Mother of Marge, Patty and Selma "Bart vs. Thanksgiving"
Clancy Bouvier Father of Marge, Patty and Selma "The Way We Was"
Patty Bouvier Twin-sister of Selma and sister of Marge "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire"
Selma Bouvier Terwilliger Hutz McClure Stu Simpson Twin-sister of Patty and sister of Marge. Adoptive mother of Ling "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire"
Ling Bouvier Adoptive daughter of Selma "Goo Goo Gai Pan"
Herbert Powell Illegitimate son of Abraham Simpson and half-brother of Homer "Oh Brother, Where Art Thou?"
Gladys Bouvier Sister of Jackie and aunt of Marge, Patty and Selma (Deceased) "Selma's Choice"
Abbie Illegtimate English daughter of Abraham Simpson and Edwina and half-sister of Homer "The Regina Monologues"
Amber Simpson Vegas ex-wife of Homer (Deceased) "Viva Ned Flanders"
Snowball V Current pet cat of the Simpson family "I, D'oh-Bot"
Santa's Little Helper Pet greyhound of the Simpson family (Rescued from a dog track on Christmas Eve) "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire"
Ned Flanders Widower of Maude and father of Rod and Todd. Owner of the Leftorium "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire"
Maude Flanders Wife of Ned and mother of Rod and Todd (Deceased) "Dead Putting Society"
Rod Flanders Son of Ned and Maude and brother of Todd "Call of the Simpsons"
Todd Flanders Son of Ned and Maude and brother of Rod "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire"
Kirk Van Houten Husband of Luann and father of Milhouse "Bart's Friend Falls in Love"
Luann Van Houten Wife of Kirk and mother of Milhouse "Homer Defined"
Milhouse Van Houten Son of Kirk and Luann. Bart's best friend "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire"
Norbert Van Houten Danish uncle of Milhouse; an adventurer with a hatred towards the Dutch side of the Van Houten family "Little Orphan Millie"
Apu Nahasapeemapetilon Jr. Owner of the Kwik-e-Mart "The Telltale Head"
Manjula Nahasapeemapetilon Wife of Apu "Much Apu About Nothing"
Octuplets Anoop, Uma, Nabendu, Poonam, Priya, Sandeep, Sashi and Gheet. Octuplet children of Apu and Manjula. "Eight Misbehavin'"
Clancy Wiggum Springfields chief of police "Homer's Odyssey"
Sarah Wiggum Wife of Clancy and mother of Ralph "Duffless"
Ralph Wiggum Son of Clancy and Sarah, occasional friend of Bart and Lisa. "Homer vs. Lisa and the 8th Commandment"
Dr. Julius Hibbert Simpson family doctor "Bart the Daredevil"
Bernice Hibbert Wife of Julius "Bart's Dog Gets An F"
Martin Prince, Sr. Stock trader, husband of Martha, father of Martin Jr. "Bart the Genius"
Martha Prince Wife of Martin Sr. and mother of Martin Jr. "Bart the Genius"
Martin Prince, Jr. Son of Martin Sr. and Martha, occasional friend of Bart. "Bart the Genius"
Timothy "Tim" Lovejoy Reverend of the First Church of Springfield. "The Telltale Head"
Helen Lovejoy Wife of Timothy and mother of Jessica "Life on the Fast Lane"
Jessica Lovejoy Daughter of Timothy and Helen Lovejoy "Bart's Girlfriend"
Nelson Muntz Bully, occasional friend of Bart and ex-boyfriend of Lisa. "Bart the General"
Mr. Muntz Father of Nelson who went "out for cigarettes" one day in Nelson's youth and didn't return for many years. "Brother From the Same Planet"
Mrs. Muntz Mother of Nelson "'Tis the Fifteenth Season"
Charles Montgomery "Monty" Burns Owner of Springfield Nuclear Power Plant. "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire"
Mrs Burns Charles Montgomery Burns 122 year-old estranged mother "Homer the Smithers"
Waylon J. Smithers Jr. Executive assistant. "Homer's Odyssey"
Lenny Leonard Homer's co-worker in Sector 7-G. "Life on the Fast Lane"
Carl Carlson Homer's co-worker and former supervisor in Sector 7-G. "Homer's Night Out"
Seymour Skinner Principal of the Springfield Elementary School "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire"
Agnes Skinner Seymour's mother. "The Crepes of Wrath"
Superintendent Gary Chalmers Superintendent Lisa Gets an "A"
Edna Krabappel Fourth grade teacher "Bart the Genius"
Dewey Largo Music teacher "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire"
Groundskeeper Willie Scottish groundskeeper "Principal Charming"
Otto Mann Bus driver "Homer's Odyssey"
Lunchlady Doris Lunchlady and nurse "Lisa's Pony"
Corky James "Jimbo" Jones Bully "The Telltale Head"
Dolphin "Dolph" Starbeam Bully "The Telltale Head"
Kearney Zzyzwicz Bully "The Telltale Head"
Sherri and Terri Purple-haired twins who enjoy taunting Bart "Homer's Odyssey"
Üter Zörker German exchange student "Treehouse of Horror IV"
Diamond Joe Quimby City mayor "Bart Gets an F"
Lou Police sergeant "There's No Disgrace Like Home"
Eddie Police officer "There's No Disgrace Like Home"
Judge Roy Snyder Judge "Krusty Gets Busted"
Snake Jailbird Criminal notorious for frequently robbing the Kwik-e-Mart "The War of the Simpsons"
Robert "Sideshow Bob" Terwilliger Jr. Attempted murderer and armed robber, who frequently seeks revenge on Bart Simpson. "The Telltale Head"
Anthony "Fat Tony" D'Amico Don of the Springfield Mafia "Bart the Murderer"
Comic Book Guy owner of the Android's Dungeon Comics & Baseball Card Shop "Three Men and a Comic Book"
Rich Texan Stereotypical Texan magnate "$pringfield"
Captain Horatio McCallister Sea Captain "New Kid on the Block"
Krusty the Clown Entertainer The Tracey Ullman Show shorts
Kent Brockman Anchorman for KBBL-TV Channel 6 "Krusty Gets Busted"
Troy McClure Washed-up movie star "Homer vs. Lisa and the 8th Commandment"
Moe Szyslak Owner and proprietor "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire"
Barney Gumble Former boozehound "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire"
Kang and Kodos Aliens "Treehouse of Horror"


Setting: 

The Simpsons takes place mainly in Springfield a fictional American town.

There are no geographical references to US states in the show that might locate Springfield in a specific part of the country.

The town's surroundings characteristics are so varied, ranging from coastlines and mountain ranges to farmlands and huge wooded lands; that are used by fans as clues to find a certain location for the city. As a response, the show has become intentionally evasive in regard to Springfield's location (for example in the episode "Much Apu About Nothing" when, just as Lisa is about to point out Springfield's state on a U.S. map, Bart's head occupies the picture), so much that it became a running gag in the series; however the geography of Springfield or its surroundings fits to the requirements of the story or joke of each episode.

The name "Springfield" is a common one in America as it appears in 34 states of the country. Its name was chosen by Matt Groening because it is one of the most common place-names in the US.

Despite this, Groening has said that Springfield has much in common with Portland, Oregon, the city where he grew up. In addition to that and to some details regarding the history of the town (in most of the cases) and its geographic features; many fans concluded that the most fitting location for this fictitious city could be somewhere in Oregon; nevertheless as soon as it's required for a given episode, the geography of Springfield could have an extreme change; so the Oregon hypothesis is based on the most frequent aspect that is featured throughout the series.

Though the state in which Springfield appears is never actually stated, numerous episodes discuss other states, thereby implying that Springfield is not located in them.

In The Simpsons Movie, the idea that Springfield cannot exist for real is further emphasized when Ned Flanders identifies the four bordering states as Ohio, Nevada, Maine and Kentucky, most of which are vastly separated from each other, while Kentucky and Ohio border each other with no state in between.

To promote the movie, various towns and cities across the United States called Springfield competed to hold the premiere of the movie in their town. Springfields from many different states entered the competition. The town of Springfield, Vermont was elected to host the movie's premiere. In response to this, Groening revealed that he had always intended Springfield to represent Springfield, Oregon, and his hometown of Beaverton.

Some facts collected by fans that may locate Springfield in Oregon:

  • Matt Groening grew up in Portland, Oregon, and much of Springfield and The Simpsons can be linked to various parts of this city.
  • Nuclear power plants in the United States are located in every state EXCEPT Alaska, Delaware, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Indiana, Montana, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Utah, West Virginia and Wyoming.

    Paul Nelson writes, "The Springfield nuclear plant probably pays homage to the Trojan plant outside of Portland (see the Portland connection), which actually was closed and decommissioned due to the incompetence of its operating personnel in a major scandal shortly before the Simpsons began. It was big news at the time."

  • In the episode King Of The Hill, Homer sets out to climb the highest mountain in Springfield, the Murderhorn. The first night after beginning his climb, Homer is told by Bart that he only has "four vertical miles to go", or 21,120 feet (6,437m). The highest mountain in America is Mount McKinley in Alaska at 20,320 feet (6,193m).

    Homer later gets as far as where McAllister and Abe Simpson gave up, and accidentally destroys the rest of the mountain above him, making his current position the peak. Abe Simpson said earlier that after being betrayed by McAllister he fell "eight thousand feet onto a pile of jagged rocks". Assuming the height part, at least, is true, that puts the Murderhorn's new height at 7,500 to 8,500 feet (2,290 to 2,600 m), which is much more feasible.

    The events of this episode also bear comparison with the events of May 18, 1980, when Mount St. Helens in, neighboring to Oregon, Washington state, erupted violently, its height decreasing from 9,677 feet (2,950m) to 8,364 feet (2,550m) in the process. There is also, of course, the Matterhorn, after which the Murderhorn is clearly named, which has a height of 14,693 feet (4,478m) and is on the Swiss/Italian border.

  • Nicholas B. Rajkovich writes: "The Pioneer Statue on the Simpsons (J. Springfield) is modeled after a statue on the University of Oregon's campus. You'll note that it has the same pose as it does on the show. The statue was cast in bronze in 1918 by A. Phimister Proctor.

    "In addition, one of the shows mentions that the statue had its head cut off as a prank. This happened to a statue of a civil war veteran on the University's campus, sometime in the 1980s."

  • The vegetation and geomorphology of Springfield as well as its proximity to the Ocean; might put the city in Oregon.

However there are many other facts that may locate the city somewhere else; but it must be noted that the most recurrent ones are linked with the state of Oregon; maybe because the show creator is from that state; thus getting most of his inspirations from familiar places located there.

Some city statistics based on references mentioned in different episodes


Founded 1776
Elevation 1582ft (482m)
Founder Jebediah Springfield
Population 30,720 "Papa's Got a Brand New Badge"
Town Motto A Noble Spirit Embiggens the Smallest Man
State Motto Not Just Another State
Official tree Lemon Tree
Official Song Embiggen his soul
Springfield Town Bird Bluebird
Mayor Joe Quimby
Area code(s) 636, 939

History

Springfield was founded in 1796 by Maryland settlers trying to find a course to "New Sodom" after misinterpreting a passage in the Bible. In its early days, the city was the target of many Native American raids, and to this day, many forts and trading posts remain, including Fort Springfield and Fort Sensible.

During the Civil War it was the site of two battles. The first battle of Springfield was fought between the North, the South, and the East in an effort to keep Springfield out of, in, and next to the Union respectively.

The founder of Springfield was the pioneer Jebediah Springfield. The town motto, "A Noble Spirit Embiggens the Smallest Man", is attributed to Jebediah. Only Lisa, Homer, and the museum owner know that Jebediah was a fraud.

Locations around the city and surroundings

The city is divided into many neighborhoods, including: Bum Town, Chinatown, Crackton, East Springfield, Greek Town, Junkyville, Little Bangkok, Little Italy, Little Newark, Ethnictown, Lower Eastside, Pressboard Estates, Recluse Ranch Estates, Skid Row, Springfield Harbor, Springfield Heights, Springshire, Tibet Town, flammable district, a gay district, and a Russian district. There is also a housing project in Springfield called Lincoln Park Village.

Some of the geographical features mentioned throughout the series include Springfield Gorge, Springfield National Forest, Mt. Springfield, the Springfield Badlands (also known as the Alkali Flats), The Murderhorn, Springfield Glacier, Springfield Mesa and Springfield National Park. Wildlife includes grizzly bears in the Springfield Forest, wolves, some of which prowl into the urban areas of Springfield, vultures in the Alkali Flats, and manatees south of Springfield in the coastal waters.

Sports

The town is home to the Springfield Isotopes, an AA minor league baseball team. Home games are played at Duff Stadium. The Springfield Isotopes were the inspiration for the new name of the Florida Marlins' AAA affiliate, the Albuquerque Isotopes, when they relocated to Albuquerque, New Mexico from Calgary (for more info visit: http://www.albuquerquebaseball.com/). The plot of the "Hungry, Hungry Homer" episode revolves around Homer Simpson's attempts to thwart a planned move by the team to Albuquerque.

Springfield has a basketball and hockey arena, which is home to the Springfield Ice-O-Topes hockey team. The town may also have a WNBA franchise which also plays at the facility. Springfield also has a large soccer field. At one time, the Portuguese and Mexican soccer teams played a match in that arena. Other sports venues in Springfield include the Springfield Speedway (an oval track where stock car races are held), Springfield Downs (a horse racing track), and a dog track. There is also the Association of Springfield Semi-Pro Boxers. Springfield also had an NFL team, the Meltdowns, designed by Homer.

Other places where the show runs

Many episodes, are set also in places outside Springfield; including the neighboring fictitious Shelbyville, another fictitious city featured in the show is Capital City (probably the state capital). In several episodes of the series the Simpsons visit real world locations including places like, Australia, Japan, France, Italy or Brazil as well as cities such as New york or London.


Cultural influences: 

A number of neologisms that originated on The Simpsons have entered the popular vernacular.

Mark Liberman, director of the Linguistic Data Consortium, remarked, "The Simpsons has apparently taken over from Shakespeare and the Bible as our culture's greatest source of idioms, catchphrases and sundry other textual allusions".

The most famous catchphrase is Homer's annoyed grunt: "D'oh!" This expression became so popular that has been included in the Oxford English Dictionary, but without the apostrophe.

Dan Castellaneta says he borrowed the phrase from James Finlayson, an actor in early Laurel and Hardy comedies, who pronounced it in a more elongated and whining tone. The director of The Simpsons told Castellaneta to shorten the noise, and it went on to become the well-known exclamation in the TV series.

Other Simpsons expressions that have entered popular use include "excellent" (drawn out as a sinister "eeeexcelllent…" in the style of Charles Montgomery Burns), Homer's triumphant "Woohoo!" and Nelson Muntz's mocking "HA-ha!" Groundskeeper Willie's description of the French as "cheese-eating surrender monkeys" was used by conservative National Review columnist Jonah Goldberg in 2003, after France's opposition to the proposed invasion of Iraq. The phrase quickly spread to other journalists.

"Cromulent", a word used in "Lisa the Iconoclast" has since appeared in the Webster’s New Millennium Dictionary of English. "Kwyjibo", a fake Scrabble word invented by Bart in "Bart the Genius", was used as one of the aliases of the creator of the Melissa worm. "I, for one, welcome our new insect overlords", was used by Kent Brockman in "Deep Space Homer" and has seeped into popular culture to describe a number of events. Variants of Brockman's utterance are used to express mock submission, usually for the purpose of humor. It has been used in media, such as New Scientist magazine. The dismissive term "Meh" has also been popularized by the show.

The use of Korean animation studios doing in-betweening, coloring, and filming made the episodes cheaper. The success of The Simpsons and the lower production cost prompted television networks to take chances on other animated series. This development led to a 1990s boom in new, animated prime-time shows, such as South Park, Family Guy, King of the Hill, Futurama, and The Critic. South Park later paid homage to The Simpsons with the episode "Simpsons Already Did It".

The Springfield Isotopes were the inspiration for the new name of the Florida Marlins' AAA affiliate, the Albuquerque Isotopes, when they relocated to Albuquerque, New Mexico from Calgary.

The popularity of The Simpsons motivated the video game industry to turn to the characters and world of Springfield. While critical and public reaction has been mixed, several of the Simpsons games did very well commercially, most notably Konami's arcade game The Simpsons and Acclaim Entertainment's The Simpsons: Bart vs. the Space Mutants.

Simpsons video games have spanned all sorts of video game genres and systems, including The Simpsons Hit & Run, The Simpsons Road Rage, Simpsons Skateboarding, Virtual Springfield, Bart vs. The Juggernauts and Krusty's Super Fun House.

There are at least two Simpsons pinball games; one released after the first season, and the other still available.

In May 2007, EA announced the release of a new title, The Simpsons Game, expanding the franchise to consoles including the Wii, Xbox 360, Nintendo DS, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable and PlayStation 3.

Also in May 2007, Microsoft announced the release of a limited-edition The Simpsons Xbox 360.


Soundtrack: 

"The Simpsons Theme", also referred to "The Simpsons Main Title Theme" in album releases, plays during the opening sequence and was composed by Danny Elfman in 1989, after series creator Matt Groening approached him requesting a retro-style theme. The piece, which took two days to create, has been noted by Elfman as the most popular of his career.

The theme as used for the opening sequence has been edited many times to coincide with edits of various lengths for the opening sequence. In addition, there have been extended edits and re-recordings for lengthened opening sequences. Several versions of the saxophone solo riff, played by Lisa Simpson in the animated sequence, have been created over the course of the series. A slightly different arrangement of the theme usually plays over the end credits of the show.

In 2007, Green Day recorded a cover version of the theme song for The Simpsons Movie and released it as a single. It placed as high as #19 on the UK Singles Chart and #16 on the UK download chart. Also for The Simpsons Movie, Hans Zimmer, who composed the score for the film, arranged his own version of the theme in an orchestral style consistent with the original, and also inserted "tiny fragments" of it into the rest of his score.

The theme won the National Music Award for "Favorite TV Theme" in 2002, and has won the BMI TV Music Award in 1996, 1998, and 2003. In 1990 the theme was nominated for the Emmy for "Outstanding Achievement in Main Title Theme Music".


Awards: 

The Simpsons has won different awards throughout its history, including 23 Emmy awards and nine in the Outstanding Animated Program (for programming one hour or less) category. However, The Simpsons has never been nominated for Outstanding Comedy Series, although the show was submitted in the category in 1993 and 1994. James L. Brooks, won nine Emmys for The Simpsons as well as ten for other shows and holds the record for most Primetime Emmys won by a single person, with 19. The Simpsons was the first animated series to be given a Peabody Award, and in 2000 the Simpson family was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. The Simpsons Movie, released in 2007, was nominated for several major awards, including a Golden Globe Award.

The Simpsons also holds two world records from the Guinness Book of World Records: Longest-Running Primetime Animated Television Series and Most Guest Stars Featured in a Television Series.

So far The Simpsons won over 100 awards, while 4 of them went to the movie.

ASCAP Film and Television Music Awards

  • 2004 Top TV Series: Alf Clausen = Won
  • 2003 Top TV Series: Alf Clausen = Won
  • 2002 Top TV Series: Alf Clausen = Won
  • 2001 Top TV Series: Alf Clausen = Won
  • 1996 Top TV Series: Alf Clausen = Won
  • 1995 Top TV Series: Alf Clausen = Won

Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films, USA (Saturn Award)

  • 2005 Best DVD Television Programming (Seasons 4 & 5) = Nominated
  • 1999 Best Genre Network Series = Nominated
  • 1998 Best Genre Network Series = Nominated
  • 1997 Best Genre Network TV Series = Nominated
  • 1996 Best Genre Television Series = Nominated
  • 1995 Best Genre Television Series = Nominated
  • 1994 Best Genre Television Series = Nominated
  • 1993 Best Genre Television Series = Won

American Cinema Foundation, USA (E Pluribus Unum Award)

  • 1996 Television Series - Comedy = Won

American Comedy Awards, USA

  • 2001 Funniest Television Series - Animated = Won

Annie Awards

  • 2008 Best Music in an Animated Television Production: Alf Clausen & Michael Price (episode "Yokel Chords") = Won
  • 2008 Best Writing in an Animated Television Production: Ian Maxtone-Graham & Billy Kimball (episode "24 Minutes") = Won
  • 2007 Best Writing in an Animated Television Production: Ian Maxtone-Graham (episode "The Seemingly Neverending Story") = Won
  • 2004 Outstanding Achievement in an Animated Television Production = Won
  • 2004 Outstanding Directing in an Animated Television Production: Steven Dean Moore (episode "'Scuse Me While I Miss The Sky") = Won
  • 2004 Outstanding Music in an Animated Television Production: Alf Clausen, Ian Maxtone-Graham, Ken Keeler (episode "Dude, Where's My Ranch?") = Won
  • 2004 Outstanding Writing in an Animated Television Production: Matthew Warburton (episode "Three Gays of the Condo") = Won
  • 2003 Outstanding Achievement in an Animated Television Production = Won
  • 2001 Outstanding Achievement in a Primetime or Late Night Animated Television Production = Won
  • 2001 Outstanding Individual Achievement for Writing in an Animated Television Production: Al Jean (episode "Homr") = Nominated
  • 2000 Outstanding Achievement in a Primetime or Late Night Animated Television Program = Won
  • 2000 Outstanding Individual Achievement for Music in an Animated Television Production: Alf Clausen (music) (episode "Behind the Laughter") = Won
  • 1999 Outstanding Achievement in an Animated Television Program = Won
  • 1999 Outstanding Individual Achievement for Writing in an Animated Television Production: Tim Long, Larry Doyle & Matt Selman (episode "Simpsons Bible Stories") = Won
  • 1998 Outstanding Achievement in an Animated Primetime or Late Night Television Program = Won
  • 1998 Outstanding Individual Achievement for Directing in an Animated Television Production: Jim Reardon (episode "Trash of the Titans") = Won
  • 1998 Outstanding Individual Achievement for Music in an Animated Television Production: Alf Clausen (music) & Ken Keeler (lyrics) (episode "The City of New York Vs. Homer Simpson"), (song "You're Checkin' In" A Musical Tribute to the Betty Ford Center) = Won
  • 1997 Best Animated TV Program = Won
  • 1997 Best Individual Achievement: Directing in a TV Production: Mike B. Anderson (episode "Homer's Phobia") = Won
  • 1997 Best Individual Achievement: Music in a TV Production: Alf Clausen = Won
  • 1997 Best Individual Achievement: Producing in a TV Production: Al Jean & Mike Reiss (episode "The Springfield Files") = Won
  • 1997 Best Individual Achievement: Voice Acting by a Female Performer in a TV Production: Maggie Roswell (for playing "Sharry Bobbins" for episode "Supercalifragilisticexpial(annoyed grunt)cious") = Nominated
  • 1996 Best Animated Television Program = Won
  • 1995 Best Animated Television Program = Won
  • 1995 Voice Acting in the Field of Animation: Nancy Cartwright (voice of Bart Simpson) = Won
  • 1994 Best Animated Television Program = Won
  • 1994 Best Individual Achievement for Creative Supervision in the Field of Animation (David Silverman, producer) = Nominated
  • 1993 Best Animated Television Program = Won
  • 1992 Best Animated Television Program = Won

BAFTA TV Awards

  • 1992 Best International Programme or Series: Matt Groening = Nominated

BMI Film & TV Awards (BMI TV Music Award)

  • 2003 Danny Elfman = Won
  • 1998 Danny Elfman = Won
  • 1996 Danny Elfman = Won

British Comedy Awards

  • 2004 Best International Comedy Show = Won
  • 2002 Best International Comedy Show = Nominated
  • 2000 Best International Comedy TV Show = Won

CINE Competition (CINE Golden Eagle)

  • 2000 Animation (episode "Treehouse of Horror X") = Won

DVD Exclusive Awards

  • 2005 Best Audio Commentary: Matt Groening (the complete season 4) = Nominated
  • 2005Best Overall DVD, TV Program (Including All Bonus Features): Denise Sirkot, Mili Smythe & Alita Holly (the complete season 5) = Nominated
  • 2003 Best Deleted Scenes, Outtakes and Bloopers: Mark Rowan, Denise Sirkot & Mili Smythe (season 3) = Nominated
  • 2003 Best Overall DVD, TV Program (Including All Extra Features): Mark Rowan, Denise Sirkot & Mili Smythe (season 3) = Nominated

Emmy Awards

  • 2007 Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming Less Than One Hour) (episode "The Haw-Hawed Couple") = Nominated
  • 2006 Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming Less Than One Hour) (episode "The Seemingly Neverending Story") = Won
  • 2005 Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming Less Than One Hour) (episode "Future Drama") = Nominated
  • 2005 Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore): Alf Clausen (music by) (for episode "Treehouse of Horror XV") = Nominated
  • 2005 Outstanding Music and Lyrics: Alf Clausen (music by), Carolyn Omine (lyrics by) (for the song "Always My Dad" for episode "A Star is Torn") = Nominated
  • 2004 Outstanding Voice-Over Performance: Dan Castellaneta (for playing various cahracters for episode "Today I Am A Clown") = Won
  • 2004 Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming Less Than One Hour) (episode "The Way We Weren't") = Nominated
  • 2004 Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore): Alf Clausen (music by) (episode "Treehouse Of Horror XIV") = Nominated
  • 2004 Outstanding Music and Lyrics: Alf Clausen (music by), Dana Gould (lyrics by) (for the song "Vote for a Winner" for episode "The President Wore Pearls") = Nominated
  • 2003 Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming Less Than One Hour) (episode "Three Gays Of The Condo") = Won
  • 2003 Outstanding Voice-Over Performance: Hank Azaria (for playing various characters for episode "Moe Baby Blues") = Won
  • 2003 Outstanding Music and Lyrics: Alf Clausen (music by), Ian Maxtone-Graham (lyrics by), Ken Keeler (lyrics by) (for the song "Everybody Hates Ned Flanders" for episode "Dude, Where's My Ranch") = Nominated
  • 2002 Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming Less Than One Hour) (episode "She Of Little Faith") = Nominated
  • 2002 Outstanding Music and Lyrics: Alf Clausen (music by), Jon Vitti (lyrics by) (for episode "The Old Man and the Key" for the song "Ode To Branson") = Nominated
  • 2001 Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming Less Than One Hour) (episode "Homr") = Won
  • 2001 Outstanding Voice-Over Performance: Hank Azaria (for playing various characters for episode "Worst Episode Ever") = Won
  • 2001 Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore): Alf Clausen (composer) (for episode "Simpson Safari") = Nominated
  • 2000 Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming One Hour or Less) (episode "Behind The Laughter") = Won
  • 1999 Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming One Hour or Less) (episode "Viva Ned Flanders") = Won
  • 1999 Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore): Alf Clausen (for episode "Treehouse of Horror IX") = Nominated
  • 1998 Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming One Hour or Less) (episode "Trash Of The Titans") = Won
  • 1998 Outstanding Music and Lyrics: Alf Clausen (composer), Ken Keeler (lyricist) (for the song "You're Checkin' In, A Musical Tribute To The Betty Ford Center)" = Won
  • 1998 Outstanding Voice-Over Performance: Hank Azaria (for playing "Apu") = Won
  • 1998 Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore): Alf Clausen (episode "Treehouse Of Horror VIII") = Nominated
  • 1998 Outstanding Music Direction: Alf Clausen (episode "All Singing All Dancing") = Nominated
  • 1997 Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming One Hour or Less) (episode "Homer's Phobia") = Won
  • 1997 Outstanding Music and Lyrics: Alf Clausen (music), Ken Keeler (lyrics) (for the song "We Put The Spring In Springfield" for episode "Bart After Dark") = Won
  • 1997 Outstanding Music Direction: Alf Clausen (music director) (for episode "Simpsoncalifragilisticexpiali(Annoyed Grunt)cious") = Nominated
  • 1997 Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Comedy Series or a Special: Ronny Cox (production mixer), R. Russell Smith (re-recording mixer), Greg Orloff (re-reocrding mixer) (for episode "The Brother From Another Series") = Nominated
  • 1996 Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming One Hour or Less) = Nominated
  • 1996 Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music and Lyrics: Alf Clausen (composer), Bill Oakley (lyricist), Josh Weinstein (lyricist) (for the song "Señor Burns" for the episode "Who Shot Mr. Burns") = Nominated
  • 1995 Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming One Hour or Less) = Won
  • 1995 Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore): Alf Clausen (for episode "Tree House Of Horror V") = Nominated
  • 1995 Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music and Lyrics: Alf Clausen (composer), John Swartzwelder (lyricist) (for episode "Homer The Great" for the song "We Do. The Stonecutters Song") = Nominated
  • 1995 Outstanding Individual Achievement in Sound Mixing for a Comedy Series or a Special: Ronny Cox (production sound mixer), Greg Orloff (sound effects mixer), R. Russell Smith (dialogue mixer), Anthony D'Amico (music mixer) (for episode "Bart vs. Australia") = Nominated
  • 1994 Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore): Alf Clausen (composer), (for episode "Cape Feare") = Nominated
  • 1994 Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music and Lyrics: Alf Clausen (composer), Greg Daniels (lyricist) (for the song "Who Needs The Kwik-E-Mart?" for episode "Homer And Apu") = Nominated
  • 1993 Outstanding Voice-Over Performance: Dan Castellaneta (for playing "Homer Simpson") (for episode "Mr. Plow") = Won
  • 1993 Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore): Alf Clausen (composer), (for episode "Treehouse of Horror III") = Nominated
  • 1993 Outstanding Individual Achievement in Sound Mixing for a Comedy Series or a Special: Brad Brock (production mixer), R. Russell Smith (re-recording mixer), Greg Orloff (re-recording mixer), Anthony D'Amico (re-recording mixer) (for episode "Tree House of Horror III") = Nominated
  • 1992 Outstanding Voice-Over Performance: Nancy Cartwright (for playing "Bart Simpson" for episode "Separate Vocations") = Won
  • 1992 Outstanding Voice-Over Performance: Dan Castellaneta (for playing Homer, Grampa Simpson and others for episode "Lisa's Pony") = Won
  • 1992 Outstanding Voice-Over Performance: Julie Kavner (for playing Marge, Patty, Selma and Marge's Mother for episode "I Married Marge") = Won
  • 1992 Outstanding Voice-Over Performance: Jackie Mason (for playing "Rabbi Krustofsky" for episode "Like Father, Like Clown") = Won
  • 1992 Outstanding Voice-Over Performance: Yeardley Smith (for playing Lisa Simpson for episode "Lisa the Greek") = Won
  • 1992 Outstanding Voice-Over Performance: Marcia Wallace (for playing Mrs. Krabappel for episode "Bart The Lover") = Won
  • 1992 Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming One Hour or Less) (episode "Radio Bart") = Nominated
  • 1992 Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore): Alf Clausen (composer) (episode "Treehouse Of Horror II") = Nominated
  • 1992 Outstanding Individual Achievement in Sound Mixing for a Comedy Series or a Special: Brad Brock (production mixer), Anthony D'Amico (re-recording mixer), Peter Cole (re-recording mixer), Gary Gegan (re-recording mixer) (episode "Treehouse Of Horror II") = Nominated
  • 1991 Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming One Hour or Less) = Won
  • 1991 Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Comedy Series or a Special (episode "Homer Vs. Lisa And The 8th Commandment") = Nominated
  • 1990 Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming One Hour or Less) = Won
  • 1990 Outstanding Achievement in Main Title Theme Music: Danny Elfman = Nominated
  • 1990 Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Comedy Series or a Special: Brad Brock (production mixer), Gary Montgomery (re-recording mixer), Jim Fitzpatrick (re-recording mixer) (episode "Call of the Simpsons") = Nominated

Environmental Media Awards, USA

  • 1996 TV Comedy (episode "Lisa the Vegetarian") = Won
  • 1994 TV Comedy (episode "Bart Gets An Elephant") = Won
  • 1991 TV Comedy (episode "Two Cars In Every Garage, Three Eyes On Every Fish") = Won

GLAAD Media Awards

  • 1998 Outstanding TV - Individual Episode (episode "Homer's Phobia") = Won

Golden Globes, USA

  • 2003 Best Television Series - Musical or Comedy = Nominated

International Monitor Awards

  • 1995 Best Effects, Special Visual Effects: Simon Haslett = Won

Kids' Choice Awards, USA (Blimp Award)

  • 2008 Favorite Cartoon = Nominated
  • 2007 Favorite Cartoon = Nominated
  • 2006 Favorite Cartoon = Nominated
  • 2005 Favorite Cartoon = Nominated
  • 2004 Favorite Cartoon = Nominated
  • 2003 Favorite Cartoon = Nominated
  • 2002 Favorite Cartoon = Won
  • 2001 Favorite Cartoon = Nominated
  • 2000 Favorite Cartoon = Nominated
  • 1999 Favorite Cartoon = Nominated
  • 1998 Favorite Cartoon = Nominated
  • 1997 Favorite Cartoon = Nominated
  • 1996 Favorite Cartoon = Nominated
  • 1991 Favorite Cartoon = Won

Logie Awards

  • 2004 Most Popular Overseas Comedy = Nominated

Motion Picture Sound Editors, USA (Golden Reel Award)

  • 2003 Best Sound Editing in Television Animation - Music: Chris Ledesma (music editor) (episode "Large Marge") = Nominated
  • 2001 Best Sound Editing - Television Animation - Music: Bob Beecher (music editor) (episode "Last Tap Dance In Springfield") = Nominated
  • 2000 Best Sound Editing - Television Animation - Music: Bob Beecher (music editor) (episode "Treehouse Of Horror X") = Nominated
  • 2000 Best Sound Editing - Television Animation - Music: Chris Ledesma (music editor) (episode "Wild Barts Can't Be Broken") = Nominated
  • 1999 Best Sound Editing - Television Animation - Music = Nominated
  • 1998 Best Sound Editing - Television Animated Specials: Robert Mackston (supervisng sound editor), Travis Powers (supervisng sound editor/foley editor and mixer),
    Norm MacLeod (sound effects editor), Terry Greene (sound effects editor) (episode/special "Tree House Of Horrors VIII, The" tied with "The New Batman Adventures" (1997) ("World's Finest") = Won

National Music Awards, UK

  • 2002 Favourite TV Theme = Won

National Television Awards, UK

  • 2005 Most Popular Comedy Programme = Nominated
  • 2002 Most Popular Entertainment Programme = Nominated

Ottawa International Animation Festival (Grand Prize)

  • 1996 Best Television Production: Tim Johnson (episode "Treehouse of Horror VI", segment "Homer³") = Won

Peabody Awards

  • 1997 For providing exceptional animation and stinging social satire, both commodities which are in extremely short supply in television today. = Won

People's Choice Awards, USA

  • 2008 Favorite Animated TV Comedy = Won
  • 2007 Favorite TV Comedy - Animated = Won
  • 2006 Favorite Television Comedy = Nominated
  • 1991 Favorite New TV Comedy Series (tied with 1990 "In Living Color") = Won

Satellite Awards

  • 2006 Best DVD Release of a TV Show (for "The Complete Eighth Season") = Won
  • 2005 Outstanding DVD Release of a Television Show (Complete 7th Season (Collectible Marge Head Pack)) = Nominated
  • 2001 Best Television Series, Comedy or Musical = Nominated

TP de Oro, Spain

  • 2008 Best Animated Series (Mejor Serie de Animación) = Won
  • 2006 Best Animated Series (Mejor Serie de Animación) = Nominated
  • 2005 Best Animated Series (Mejor Serie de Animación) = Won
  • 2004 Best Animated Series (Mejor Serie de Animación) = Won
  • 2003 Best Animated Series (Mejor Serie de Animación) = Won
  • 2002 Best Animated Series (Mejor Serie de Animación) = Won

TP de Oro, Spain

  • 2008 Best Animated Series (Mejor Serie de Animación) = Won
  • 2006 Best Animated Series (Mejor Serie de Animación) = Nominated
  • 2005 Best Animated Series (Mejor Serie de Animación) = Won
  • 2004 Best Animated Series (Mejor Serie de Animación) = Won
  • 2003 Best Animated Series (Mejor Serie de Animación) = Won
  • 2002 Best Animated Series (Mejor Serie de Animación) = Won

Teen Choice Awards

  • 2007 Choice TV: Animated Show = Won
  • 2006 TV - Choice Animated Show = Nominated
  • 2005 Choice TV Parental Units (Marge and Homer Simpson) = Nominated
  • 2005 Choice TV Show: Comedy = Nominated
  • 2004 Choice TV Show - Comedy = Nominated
  • 2002 TV - Choice Comedy = Nominated
  • 2001 TV - Choice Comedy = Nominated
  • 2000 TV - Choice Comedy = Nominated

Television Critics Association Awards

  • 2002 Heritage Award = Won
  • 1999 Individual Achievement in Comedy: Matt Groening (also for 1999 "Futurama") = Nominated
  • 1990 Outstanding Achievement in Comedy = Won

Walk of Fame (Star on the Walk of Fame)

  • 2000 Television "The Simpsons" (This award applies to The Simpsons in person, not to the series) On 14 January 2000. At 7021 Hollywood Blvd.

World Animation Celebration

  • 1998 Best Animation Produced for Primetime: Bill Dailey
    Josh Weinstein (episode "22 Short Films About Springfield") = Won
  • 1998 Best Director for Primetime Series: Mike B. Anderson (episode "Homer's Phobia") = Won
  • 1997 Best Animation Produced for a Television Special (episode "Treehouse of Horror VI") = Won

Writers Guild of America, USA

  • 2008 (TV) Animation: Jeff Westbrook (episode "Kill Gil" volumes 1 and 2) = Won
  • 2008 Animation: John Frink (episode "Stop! Or My Dog Will Shoot!") = Nominated
  • 2008 Animation: Carolyn Omine (episode "The Homer of Seville") = Nominated
  • 2008 Animation: Matt Selman (episode "The Hee-Hawed Couple") = Nominated
  • 2007 Animation: John Frink (episode "The Italian Bob") = Won
  • 2007 Animation: Dan Castellaneta, Deb Lacusta (episode "Kiss Kiss Bang Bangalore") = Nominated
  • 2007 Animation: Don Payne (episode "Simpsons Christmas Stories") = Nominated
  • 2007 Animation: Matt Selman (episode "Girls Just Want To Have Sums") = Nominated
  • 2006 Animation: Michael Price (episode "Mommie Beerest") = Won
  • 2006 Animation: J. Stewart Burns (episode "There's Something About Marrying") = Nominated
  • 2006 Animation: John Frink (episode "The Girl Who Slept Too Little") = Nominated
  • 2006 Animation: Stephanie Gillis (episode "See Homer Run") = Nominated
  • 2006 Animation: Don Payne (episode "Thank God It's Doomsday") = Nominated
  • 2006 Animation: Matthew Warburton (episode "The Father, The Son and the Holy Guest Star") = Nominated
  • 2005 Animation: Ian Maxtone-Graham (episode "Catch 'Em If You Can") = Won
  • 2005 Animation: Julie Chambers, David Chambers (episode "Milhouse Doesn't Live Here Anymore") = Nominated
  • 2005 Animation: Joel H. Cohen (episode "Today I Am A Clown") = Nominated
  • 2005 Animation: Don Payne (episode "Fraudcast News") = Nominated
  • 2004 Animation: Matt Selman (episode "The Dad Who Knew Too Little") = Won
  • 2004 Animation: J. Stewart Burns (episode "Moe Baby Blues") = Nominated
  • 2004 Animation: Michael Price (episode "My Mother the Carjacker") = Nominated
  • 2003 Animation: Bob Bendetson (episode "Blame It On Lisa") = Nominated
  • 2003 Animation: John Frink, Don Payne (episode "The Bart Wants What It Wants") = Nominated
  • 2003 Animation: Matt Selman (episode "Jaws Wired Shut") = Nominated

Young Artist Awards

  • 2004 Most Popular Mom & Pop in a Television Series: Julie Kavner, Dan Castellaneta = Won
  • 2004 Best Family Television Series (Comedy or Drama) = Nominated
  • 2002 Best Family TV Comedy Series = Nominated

Filmography: 

The Simpsons Movie (2007): The film was a box office success, grossing over US$526 million. It received a significant majority of positive reviews, with some critics saying it was better than the latter seasons of the show.

The film earned $30.7 million on its opening day in the U.S. making it the 16th-highest, and third-highest non-sequel opening day revenue of all time. It grossed a combined total of $74 million in its opening weekend, putting it at the top of the box office, and making it the fourth-highest revenue of all time, for an opening weekend in July, and highest among non-sequels. This outperformed the expectations of $40 million that Fox had for the release.

Directed: David Silverman

Writing: James L. Brooks, Matt Groening, Al Jean, Ian Maxtone-Graham, George Meyer, David Mirkin, Mike Reiss, Mike Scully, Matt Selman, John Swartzwelder, Jon Vitti, Joel Cohen, John Frink, Tim Long, Michael Price

Runtime: 87 min


Trivia: 
  • Homer's J is for Jay: as Matt Groening mentions in an interview to the BBC "When I was a kid I loved Rocky and Bullwinkle. Homer's name is kind of a tribute to that - Bullwinkle's full name was Bullwinkle J. Moose, which is where the J in Homer J Simpson comes from. There was a great joke when Homer becomes obsessed with finding out what the J stands for... and it turns out it stands for Jay"
  • Besides naming the Simpsons after his own family, Matt Groening has named may of the minor characters after streets in Portland, Oregon. The signs for N.E. Flanders Street get vandalised quite a bit...
  • The noise of Maggie sucking her dummy was recorded by Matt Groening himself.
  • Each episode of the Simpsons contains about twenty-four thousand individual drawings, or Cels. An episode takes about six months to produce, and costs a million dollars.
  • Eric Stefani was a keyboard player for the American band, No Doubt (and brother to the lead singer, Gwen). Disillusioned with their record company, he left in 1994 - to become an animator on the Simpsons. No Doubt hit the big time the following year.
  • Lisa has had her eighth birthday shown on the series - twice.
  • Marge's sisters Patty and Selma are pretty hard to tell apart. Selma has oval beads on her necklace, and a parting, and round earrings. Patty has round beads, no parting and triangular earrings. Selma loves getting married.
  • Bart's best friend Millhouse is named after President Richard Millhous Nixon.
  • In 1997, The Simpsons broke "The Flintstones" (1960) record for longest-running prime time animated TV show. The show also holds the record for most guest stars in a television series.
  • Nancy Cartwright, voice of Bart, first tried out for Lisa's voice.
  • Kang and Kodos (the aliens) are named for two "Star Trek" (1966) characters - Kang was a Klingon warrior, and Kodos was an Adolf Hitler-like mass murderer.
  • In one episode, Principal Skinner reveals that his prisoner number in Vietnam was 24601. That same prisoner number was Hank Jennings' in "Twin Peaks" (1990) and Jean Valjean's in Misérables - Époque 1: Jean Valjean, Les (1913).
  • Sideshow Bob also has the same prison number, as seen when he is corresponding with Selma while still in prison.
  • The character "Krusty the Clown" was inspired by a real-life TV kiddie show host named 'Rusty Nails' and Dan Castellaneta's voice characterization was based on Chicago television legend Bob Bell who portrayed WGN-TV's Bozo from 1960-1984.
  • When Homer is accused of sexual harassment, a show called "Rock Bottom" does an exposé on him that falsely portrays him as guilty. They later quickly scroll a list of apologies down the screen. Here they are:
    1. "Peoples' Choice Award" is America's greatest honor.
    2. Styrofoam is not made from kittens.
    3. The U.F.O. was a paper plate.
    4. The nerds on the internet are not geeks.
    5. The word "cheese" is not funny in and of itself.
    6. The older Flanders boy is Todd, not Rod.
    7. Lyndon Johnson did not provide the voice of Yosemite Sam.
    8. If you are reading this you have no life.
    9. Roy Rogers was not buried inside his horse.
    10. The other U.F.O. was an upside-down salad spinner.
    11. Our universities are not "hotbeds" of anything.
    12. Mr. Dershowitz did not literally have four eyes.
    13. Our viewers are not pathetic, sexless food tubes.
    14. Audrey Hepburn never weighed 400 pounds.
    15. The "Cheers" (1982) gang is not a real gang.
    16. Salt water does not "chase the thirsties away".
    17. Licking an electrical outlet will not turn you into a Mighty Morphin Power Ranger.
    18. Cats do not eventually turn into dogs.
    19. Bullets do not bounce off of fat guys.
    20. Recycling does not deplete the ozone.
    21. Everything is 10% fruit juice.
    22. The flesh-eating virus does not hide in ice cream.
    23. Janet Reno is evil.
    24. V8 juice is not 1/8 gasoline.
    25. Ted Koppel is a robot.
    26. Women aren't from Venus, and men aren't from Mars.
    27. Fleiss does floss.
    28. Quayle is familiar with common bathroom procedure.
    29. Bart is bad to the bone.
    30. Godfry Jones' wife is cheating on him. (note: Jones was the host of "Rock Bottom").
    31. The Beatles haven't reunited to enter kick boxing contests.
    32. The "Bug" on your TV screen can see into your home.
    33. Everyone on TV is better than you.
    34. The people who are writing this have no life.
  • The French version of the TV show translated "D'oh" into "T'oh."
  • The motto for The Springfield Penitentiary is "If you committed murder, you'd be home by now!"
  • Milhouse says he is 3 months younger than Bart.
  • Hank Azaria has told that he adopted his characters' voices from celebrities and people he has met. Among others, Chief Wiggum's voice is based on Edward G. Robinson, Lou's on Sylvester Stallone and Comic Book Guy's on Hank Azaria's roommate in college
  • "Comic Book Guy's" real name is "Jeff Albertson".
  • Fat Tony's name was variously given as William "Fat Tony" Williams in "Bart the Murderer", as Anthony "Fat Tony" Balducci in the episode where Homer is a boxer, and as Anthony "Fat Tony" d'Amico in others. In the Episode where Krusty meets his estranged daughter, Fat Tony's middle name is revealed to be Merian
  • Milhouse's middle name is Mussolini.
  • The map of Springfield located in the Police Station shows the city is shaped almost exactly like medieval Constantinople, complete with a large road in almost the same position as the Mese, the main road of Constantinople.
  • Apu is 42 years old.
  • Homer (Dan Castellaneta), Bart ('Nancy Cartwright' ) and Lisa (Yeardley Smith) are the only characters to have dialogue in every episode. Marge (Julie Kavner) also appeared in every episode, but she did not deliver any dialogue in the episode 'Krusty Gets Kancelled'.
  • Homer's e-mail address is ChunkyLover53@aol.com
  • In the episode when Lisa is elected president of Springfield Elementary she gives her email address as smartgirl63_\@yahoo.com (she says it as: smart girl six three underscore backslash at Yahoo dot com).
  • Krusty the Klown's real name is revealed as Herschel Schmoikel Krustofski and Herschel Pinkus Yerucham Krustofski in different episodes.
  • Sideshow Bob's real/full name is Robert Underdunk Terwilliger.
  • In episode 3F03 "Lisa the Vegetarian" in the closing credits where Paul McCartney sings "Maybe I'm Amazed" there is a background voice. If you play it backwards it is a recipe of Lentel soup read by Paul McCartney.
  • The website that homer created with false 'dirt' on many of the citizens can be accessed as www.mrxswebpage.com
  • To celebrate the Simpsons' tenth anniversary, Entertainment Weekly asked creator Matt Groening to select his ten favorite episodes of the show. His choices were:
    1. Bart the Daredevil (1990)
    2. Life on the Fast Lane (1990)
    3. Much Apu About Nothing (1996)
    4. A Streetcar Named Marge (1992)
    5. In Marge We Trust (1997)
    6. Homer's Enemy (1997)
    7. Treehouse of Horror VII (1996)
    8. Natural Born Kissers (1998)
    9. Krusty Gets Busted (1990)
    10. There's No Disgrace Like Home (1990)
  • According to Bart, he is 2 years and 38 days older than Lisa.
  • The name of Bart's principal, Seymour Skinner, is taken from behavior specialist B.F. Skinner. Harry Shearer claims his idea for the voice of the principal was partially based on Charles Kuralt.
  • Sideshow Bob is voiced by "Frasier" (1993) star Kelsey Grammer. In "Brother from Another Series", Cecil, Sideshow Bob's brother, is featured, and is voiced by David Hyde Pierce, who plays Frasier's brother, Niles, in "Frasier" (1993). Cecil also mentions Maris, Niles's never-seen wife, which is said ironically, since Bart is covering Cecil's eyes.
  • Characters' full names: Lisa Marie Simpson, Bartholomew Jojo Simpson, and Homer Jay Simpson.
  • Marge and Lisa have four eyelashes, and Maggie has three eyelashes.
  • This is the only non-variety television show that contains special guest appearances by three former The Beatles: the late George Harrison (Homer's Barbershop Quartet), Paul McCartney (who appeared with the late Linda McCartney) , and Ringo Starr (Brush With Greatness).
  • When The Who appeared on "The Simpsons" (1989), Pete Townshend was portrayed by his brother Paul Townshend.
  • In the opening credits, the cash register shows $847.63 when Maggie is "scanned" (figure was taken from a survey (found by Matt Groening) done at the time that said that this was the average monthly cost of caring for a newborn baby - food, clothes, health, etc.). But during "The Simpsons" (1989) anniversary show (hosted by Troy McClure) the credit sequence is paused and the machine is shown to read "NRA 4EVER".
  • Elizabeth Taylor, Susan Sarandon, Alec Baldwin, Mark Hamill, Steve Buscemi and Joe Mantegna are the only actors to play both themselves and a fictional character on the series.
  • The Simpsons live on Evergreen Terrace. Early in the show's life the house number was given differently a few times (including 1094), but in later episodes the address settled down to 742 Evergreen Terrace.
  • Professer Frink is named after John Frink who writes for the show.
  • Chief Wiggum and Apu were created by Hank Azaria. According to Hank Azaria, Apu was created during his times when Hank Azaria did not have a car while in Los Angeles and the only place in walking distance was the 7-Eleven shop. Apu was also based on Peter Sellers in The Party (1968) and is named after the title character in Satyajit Ray's Apu trilogy.
  • In a episode where Maggie is in her crib, Maggie is seen holding a bunny which is the main character in Matt Groening's comic strip, "Life in hell".
  • For a short period of time the show was dubbed to Swedish in Sweden, but after receiving lots of complains, the network brought back the original show.
  • Ralph Wiggum was named after Ralph Kramden on "The Honeymooners" (1955) because the character was intended to be a loudmouthed smaller version of Homer. He wasn't established as Chief Wiggum's son until "I Love Lisa", the fifteenth episode of the fourth season.
  • Bart's anonymous prank calls to Moe were inspired by "The Tube Bar Recordings", tapes of actual prank calls to 'Louis 'Red' Deutsch' , a New Jersey bartender famous for his violent temper (the pranksters, John Elmo and Jim Davidson, got the idea to prank him one day when, while passing his bar, they saw him beating up one of his customers for not drinking fast enough). Louis 'Red' Deutsch would unfailingly respond to the prank calls with a stream of cursing, abuse and threats.
  • In one episode a letter to Mr. Burns from the Simpsons does not show the state the Simpsons live in, but reads Mr. Burns as living in Springfield, New Jersey.
  • In the early episodes, Sherri and Terri were the biggest bullies in Bart's class. Currently they serve as background filler, their significance having decreased over time from tormentors to deliverers of small lines to faces in the crowd.
  • Matt Groening based the character Bart Simpson on the character of Dennis in "Dennis the Menace" (1959), which he watched as a child but was disappointed that Dennis was not as mischievous as he was in the comic strip.
  • The name of the music store next to Moe's is King Toots.
  • Most of the main cast of "Cheers" (1982) has appeared on this show. Most notably, Kelsey Grammer as Sideshow Bob. In an episode where Homer was kicked out of Moe's Tavern, he seeks a new bar, and walks into Cheers. This is where the other "Cheers" (1982) cast members voice their old characters. However, Kelsey Grammer's character of Frasier does not speak.
  • The character Professor John Frink is named after a producer of the show and based on Jerry Lewis's character in The Nutty Professor (1963).
  • In the episode "Homer3" (TreeHouse of Horror) where Homer enters the third dimension at the back of the bookcase, you can see the numbers and letters 46 72 69 6E 6B 20 72 75 6C 65 73 21 float by. This is actually hexidecimal code for "Frink rules!" (you can check by putting this code in your browser bar (only works in IE): 'about:%46%72%69%6E%6B%20%72%75%6C%65%73%21').
  • In the 'Who Shot Mr Burns?' episode, Mr Burns collapses on a sundial pointing his arms at S and W - which to his eyes look like M and S, identifying the initials of the shooter. This resulted in several characters having their names permanently expanded just for the sake of red herrings: Seymour Skinner's name was revealed as M. Seymour Skinner (it's written on a diploma behind his head in one scene); Moe the Bartender became Moe Szyslak; and Sideshow Mel's name was revealed as Melvin van Horn, presumably to eliminate him (although it could have still been interpreted as not MS but SM - Sideshow Mel).
  • Places where the "El Barto" graffiti shows up: police station; elementary school; by the lake, where the Indians once lived.
  • The salesman character Gil who can't catch a break is based on the character 'Shelley Levene', played by 'Jack Lemmon' in Glengarry Glen Ross (1992).
  • The show's creator and animator Matt Groening has stated that his initials appear in any animation of Homer Simpson. When looking at Homer from the side, one can see that the zig-zag of his hair forms an "M", while his ear forms the "G".
  • "Treehouse of Horror I" is the only "Treehouse of Horror" to use the tree house motif and is so far one of two "Treehouse of Horrors" that don't use the spooky names. The second is "Treehouse of Horror XIII".
  • The animation in the series became noticeably more sophisticated and fluid after the first season. Also changed after the early episodes was Homer's voice (which was made higher pitched and less intelligent-sounding than it initially was), Chief Wiggum's hair color, and Smithers' skin color (he is black in his first appearance, but becomes yellow/caucasian in all future appearances). Early episodes have a slightly different opening credit sequence. After Homer tosses the radioactive rod into the street, Bart is seen skateboarding but we do not see any recognizable characters in the streetscape as we do later. The skateboard sequence ends by showing a group of generic townspeople running after a bus. We then see Lisa riding home on her bike, overloaded with schoolbooks, parking it in the garage just before Homer's car pulls into the driveway (after which the credits continue as usual).
  • Yeardley Smith (Lisa) and Marcia Wallace (Edna) are the only cast members who do only one voice on a regular basis.
  • Dr Nick is named after George "Dr Nick" Nichopoulos, who was charged after Elvis Presley's death for prescribing thousands of doses of narcotics to cater to Elvis Presley's massive appetite for prescription drugs.
  • In one episode the Simpsons' phone number is given as (939)-555-0113.
  • The area code 939 is one of two area codes for Puerto Rico. The area code was assigned to the island in August 2001 after the island's only area code, 787, was about to run out of numbers due to the boom of mobile phones, beepers, and modems there.
  • Only 4 episodes of the show have their titles displayed on screen: The Telltale Head (season 1), Bart Gets Hit by a Car (season 2), The Simpsons 138th Episode Spectacular, and 22 Short Films About Springfield (both season 7).
  • As in most cartoons, the characters have only four digits on each hand - except God, who always has five. However, in what is probably a mistake, God has four digits during Homer's dream at the end of "Homer the Heretic".
  • The footage of Ren & Stimpy in the episode "Brother from the Same Planet" was not taken from "The Ren & Stimpy Show" (1991) - it was created for the episode.
  • In the episode "Brother Can You Spare Two Dimes?" Joe Frazier and Barney get into a fight. Originally Barney was going to win the fight but Joe Frazier objected so the script was changed so Barney lost.
  • In the episode "Bart's Comet", Kent Brockman shows a list of people that are gay. The list goes by very fast and is almost impossible to read. The names on the list are:
    1. Matt Groening
    2. Ken Tsumura
    3. George Meyer
    4. Joel Kuwahara
    5. 'Bill Oakley'
    6. 'Elizabeth Jacobs'
    7. Josh Weinstein
    8. Jane O'Brien
    9. Annette Anderson
    10. Jennifer Crittenden
    11. Mike Scully
    12. Dominique Braud-Stiger (Dominique Braud)
    13. Greg Daniels
    14. Joseph A. Boucher
    15. Al Jean
    16. Ping Warner
    17. Mike Reiss
    18. Craig Feeney
    19. Richard Raynis
    20. Don Gilbert
    21. David Mirkin
    22. Jacqueline Atkins
    23. Chris Ledesma
    24. Mark McJimsey
    25. David Silverman
  • Although it was believed that Dr. Marvin Monroe was killed off in 1995, he reappeared in "Diatribe of a Mad Housewife", in which he tells Marge that he has been "very sick".
  • Before he opened The Leftorium in the third season, Ned Flanders described his occupation as "the pharmaceutical game".
  • The distinctive voice of "Lunchlady Doris", as well as various other characters, belonged to the show's script supervisor Doris Grau. She provided the voice until her death in December 1995.
  • According to the creators, their most frequently parodied film is Citizen Kane (1941) followed by the films of Stanley Kubrick, especially 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), The Shining (1980) and A Clockwork Orange (1971).
  • Bender, the robot in "Futurama" (1999), made an appearance in the episodes "Bart vs. Lisa vs. the Third Grade" and "Missionary: Impossible" with other Fox Network characters. He made a speaking appearance in "Future-Drama".
  • Lisa refers to Michael Jackson and Dustin Hoffman as being in the Itchy and Scratchy movies, but not using their names in homage to the fact that both actors appeared uncredited on the show itself.
  • In the episdode "The Regina Monologues", Homer says, "I would like to go back to Brazil but I hear the monkey problem has gotten even worse." This is a reference to complaints received from Brazilian tourist officials after the episode "Blame it on Lisa" was aired, citing that it made Brazil look crime-ridden and monkey-infested.
  • As of the '03-'04 season premiere (Season 15), there are over 1,000 culture references in "The Simpsons" (1989). According to writer-producer Al Jean, the most referenced film is Citizen Kane (1941).
  • The animation process takes anywhere from six to nine months for each episode.
  • According to Matt Groening, Bart's middle name is Jo-Jo, and not Jebediah as stated previously in the Rainy Day Fun Book. One can only guess that some facts got lost when the RDFB was made. The name was given to him by Nancy Cartwright .
  • Bart's hair always consists of 9 points.
  • In the scripts, Homer's "D'oh" is written as "(ANNOYED GRUNT)", Marge's disapproving murmur is written as "(FRUSTRATED MURMUR)", and Professor Frink's mumblings are written as "(FRINK NOISE)".
  • In the episode "Bart vs Australia", Lisa and Marge are buying souvenirs from an Australian shop, Lisa asks Marge if she can buy a Didgeridoo to play. In Australian Aboriginal tradition, women are not allowed to play a Didgeridoo.
  • In one episode, mobster Fat Tony mentions that he "hasn't cried this hard since I paid money to see The Godfather: Part III (1990). Joe Mantegna, who plays Fat Tony, played Joey Zasa in The Godfather: Part III (1990).
  • In the DVD commentary for Season 4, it is said that Bumblebee Man is based on a character in a Mexican sitcom that played a lot in southern California involving otherwise normal-looking people and someone dressed as a "red cricket". The speakers in the commentary do not provide more information, but this is almost certainly a reference to El Chapulin Colorado, a character played by Roberto Gómez Bolaños "Chespirito", and that appeared in his own show and in sketches from other shows.
  • In the German version, Uther is from Switzerland.
  • The Simpsons' home address has been mentioned several times and has not been the same: - In "Blood Feud": 94 Evergreen Terrace, Springfield, USA - In "Mr. Lisa Goes to Washington": 59 Evergreen Terrace, Springfield, TA - In "Beyond Blunderdome": 743 Evergreen Terrace - In "Bart the Lover": 94 Evergreen Terrace, Springfield, USA - In "Kamp Krusty": 430 Spalding Way, Springfield, USA - In "New Kid on the Block": 1094 Evergreen Terrace - In "Marge in Chains": 742 Evergreen Terrace, Springfield - In "Homer the Vigilante": 723 Evergreen Terrace - In "Bart vs. Australia": 742 Evergreen Terrace - In "Sunday, Cruddy Sunday": 742 Evergreen Terrace - In "Lisa's Date with Density": 742 Evergreen Terrace.
  • There are at least two episodes where Maggie does not appear: "The Last Temptation of Homer" and "Lisa's Date with Density".
  • Matt Groening has stated that since the fifth season in 1994, the episodes' running time have been shortened by two minutes, which he claims could be just enough time for an entire subplot.
  • The crazy cat lady's name is Eleanor Abernathy.
  • Moe's Tavern is based on a real bar called Fireside. It is located near Loyola Marymount University where David Mirkin went to college.
  • Many of the people and places in the Simpsons are named after cities, streets and landmarks in Oregon, specifically Portland. There is a Springfield near Eugene, and many character names (Flanders, Lovejoy, (Sideshow Bob) Terwilliger, etc) are streets in Portland. Matt Groening grew up in Portland.
  • Even though Elizabeth Taylor appeared on the show twice as a guest star, and was well-publicized by the media, she has only said a total of eight words on the entire show.
  • The giant stone head in the Simpson basement (originally given as a thank-you gift for Bart donating blood to save Mr. Burns's life) is named Xtapolopacetl.
  • Moe's favorite movie is The Godfather (1972). Hank Azaria based Moe's voice on Al Pacino who starred in The Godfather (1972).
  • Marge's birthday is October 1st.
  • Hank Azaria and Harry Shearer were not in the "The Tracey Ullman Show" (1987) and joined the cast when it became it's own series.

Goofs: 
  • In one episode we learn that the octuplets are older than Maggie yet Maggie was in the show even before Apu get married.
  • Marge is giving Abe a haircut. She walks off camera with the scissors in her hand but in the next shot, the scissors are on the table.
  • In a few episodes, the twins, who are supposed to be white colored, are yellow in brief scenes.
  • Springfield Elementary School is yellow in some episodes and white in others, sometimes changing color multiple times in the same episode (later episodes corrected this continuity problem by making the school's official color yellow, and including a picture of the "old, white" school in Principal Skinner's office.)
  • The "MOE'S" text on the front of Moe's Tavern is alternately black/red in numerous episodes/scenes/etc.
  • When Moe appears in the first season he has black hair. In all subsequent seasons his hair is a grayish-blue.
  • Some characters have brown skin in some episodes and yellow skin in others. Two examples would be Hans Moleman and Judge Snyder.
  • Marge's father in The Way We Were looks nothing like he does in Fear Of Flying (although it's possible the latter is her real father and the former is her stepfather).
  • Ralph is in Bart's class in some episodes and Lisa's in others.
  • Although the giant stone head in the Simpson basement is gray, in some episodes it has appeared rainbow-colored.
  • In "The Itchy And Scratchy And Poochie Show" episode, in the comic store at the autograph signing, the Rainer Wolfcastle poster in the background spells his character's name as "McBane." In all other episodes it's spelled "McBain"
  • Roger Meyers Jr. fires a worker in the conference room in "The Itchy And Scratchy And Poochie Show." That worker is gone in all subsequent scenes but was never shown leaving the conference room.
  • In "Two Cars In Every Garage And Three Eyes On Every Fish", Mr. Burns tries to bribe the nuclear inspector by stuffing wads of cash in his pocket. When the inspector leaves the wads of bills in his pockets are gone.
  • When the older, male judge character is introduces in "Bart Gets Hit By A Car", he is referred to as Judge Moulton. In all subsequent episodes/reference material/etc., he is called Judge Snyder.
  • When Homer comes to terms with himself after stealing cable and looks out the barred windows, the house guests behind him are drawn without facial features.
  • Jasper confesses to being blind when viewing the premier of the Poochie episode, but could see perfectly well in a number of episodes (i.e. watching the Tatum fight at the Simpson house and walking down the street when Smithers shot him in his wooden leg).
  • When wearing her normal green dress, Marge wears a red necklace. However, often she is shown for a single frame or two wearing a white one (generally this happens in close-up shots of her head.) This happens in numerous episodes.
  • Louis, Bart's black friend, appears yellow in one frame in "The Crepes Of Wrath" when Principal Skinner is introducing his mother to Bart and his friends.
  • In Bart's Comet, Apu has yellow skin in one frame.
  • Chief Wiggum's proper hair color is blue. A common animation error is for it to be black in certain scenes (this generally happens in night scenes, or other scenes in dark places).
  • Although Grampa frequently refers to his World War II squadron as the "Flying Hellfish", the stationery and memorial read "Fighting Hellfish".
  • Fat Tony's real name changes from episode to episode, though possibly intentionally because he might have several mafia names that the police know of.
  • The family portraits in the Hibbert home have yellow skin.
  • When Homer visits the Twin Towers and is forced to scale both towers in search of a working bathroom, for one frame neither tower has the radio antenna on top.
  • When Milhouse Van Houten appears in the pilot episode, he has black hair. In all subsequent episodes, he has blue hair.
  • When Waylon Smithers makes his first appearance in "Homer's Odyssey", he has orange skin. He has the standard yellow flesh in all subsequent appearances.
  • The interior of the Simpson’s house changes from time to time, e.g. the size of the archway and what room it leads to.

Cast: 

Dan Castellanata: Homer Simpson, Abraham Simpson,Krusty the Clown, Barney Gumble, Groundskeeper Willie, Mayor Quimby, Hans Moleman, Sideshow Mel, Itchy, Kodos, Gil Gunderson, Squeaky Voiced Teen, Blue-Haired Lawyer, Rich Texan, Louie, Bill, Arnie Pie, Mr. Teeny, Yes Guy, Scott Christian, Assistant Superintendent Leopold, Rabbi Krustofski (replacing Jackie Mason, who voiced him in two episodes), Charlie, Gary, Santa's Little Helper (replacing Frank Welker), Frankie the Squealer.

Julie Kavner: Marge Simpson, Patty Bouvier, Selma Bouvier, Jacqueline Bouvier.

Nancy Cartwright: Bart Simpson, Nelson Muntz, Todd Flanders, Ralph Wiggum, Kearney, Database, Wendell Borton, Lewis.

Yeardley Smith: Lisa Simpson.

Hank Azaria: Apu Nahasapeemapetilon, Moe Szyslak, Clancy Wiggum, Comic Book Guy
Lou, Carl Carlson, Dr. Nick Riviera, Snake Jailbird, Professor Frink, Kirk Van Houten, Luigi Risotto, Bumblebee Man, Captain Horatio McCallister, Superintendent Chalmers, Cletus Spuckler, Disco Stu, Duffman, Crazy Old Man, Drederick Tatum, Legs, Wiseguy, Akira, Doug, Johnny Tightlips.

Harry Shearer: Montgomery Burns, Waylon Smithers, Ned Flanders, Seymour Skinner, Otto Mann, Lenny Leonard, Reverend Timothy Lovejoy, Julius Hibbert, Kent Brockman, Jasper Beardley, Eddie, Rainier Wolfcastle, Scratchy, Marty, Dr. Marvin Monroe, Kang, Herman, Dewey Largo, Judge Snyder, Sanjay Nahasapeemapetilon, Benjamin, Jebediah Springfield, God.

Tress MacNeille: Agnes Skinner, Lindsey Naegle, Brandine Spuckler, Cookie Kwan, Crazy Cat Lady, Bernice Hibbert, Dolph Starbeam, Mrs. Glick, Poor Violet, Lunchlady Doris, Ms. Albright, Brunella Pommelhorst.

Pamela Hayden: Milhouse Van Houten, Rod Flanders, Jimbo Jones, Janey Powell, Sarah Wiggum, Malibu Stacy, Patches, Ruth Powers, Wendell Borton, Lewis, Richard.

Maggie Roswell: Maude Flanders, Helen Lovejoy, Elizabeth Hoover, Luann Van Houten, Princess Kashmir, Mary Bailey.

Russi Taylor: Martin Prince, Üter, Sherri and Terri, Wendell Borton, Lewis.

Karl Wiedergott: Various.

Marcia Wallace: Edna Krabappel.

Kelsey Grammer: Sideshow Bob.

Joe Mantegna: Fat Tony.

Albert Brooks: Hank Scorpio, Jacques "Brunswick", Cowboy Bob, Brad Goodman, Tab Spangler.

Jon Lovitz: Artie Ziff, Professor Lombardo, Aristotle Amadopoulos, Jay Sherman, Llewellyn Sinclair and Mrs. Sinclair, Enrico Irritazio.

Jan Hooks: Manjula Nahasapeemapetilon.

Maurice LaMarche: Various.

Jane Kaczmarek: Judge Constance Harm.


Episodes: 

Prehistory - The Simpsons shorts in the Tracey Ullman Show

Season 1: 1987

  1. Good Night: April 19, 1987
  2. Watching TV: May 3, 1987
  3. Jumping Bart: May 10, 1987
  4. Babysitting Maggie: May 31, 1987
  5. The Pacifier: June 21, 1987
  6. Burping Contest: June 28, 1987
  7. Dinnertime: July 12, 1987

Season 2: 1987-1988

  1. Making Faces: September 22, 1987
  2. The Funeral: October 4, 1987
  3. What Maggie's Thinking: October 11, 1987
  4. Football: October 18, 1987
  5. House of Cards: October 25, 1987
  6. Bart and Homer's Dinner: November 1, 1987
  7. Space Patrol: November 8, 1987
  8. Bart's Haircut: November 15, 1987
  9. World War III: November 22, 1987
  10. The Perfect Crime: December 13, 1987
  11. Scary Stories: December 20, 1987
  12. Grampa and the Kids: January 10, 1988
  13. Gone Fishin': January 24, 1988
  14. Skateboarding: February 7, 1988
  15. The Pagans: February 14, 1988
  16. Closeted: February 21, 1988
  17. The Aquarium: February 28, 1988
  18. Family Portrait: March 6, 1988
  19. Bart's Hiccups: March 13, 1988
  20. The Money Jar: March 20, 1988
  21. The Art Museum: May 1, 1988
  22. Zoo Story: May 8, 1988

Season 2: 1988-1989

  1. Shut Up, Simpsons: November 6, 1988
  2. Shell Game: November 13, 1988
  3. The Bart Simpson Show: November 20, 1988
  4. Punching Bag: November 27, 1988
  5. Simpson Christmas: December 18, 1988
  6. The Krusty the Clown Show: January 15, 1989
  7. Bart the Hero: January 29, 1989
  8. Bart's Little Fantasy: February 5, 1989
  9. Scary Movie: February 12, 1989
  10. Home Hypnotism: February 19, 1989
  11. Shoplifting: February 26, 1989
  12. Echo Canyon: March 12, 1989
  13. Bathtime: March 19, 1989
  14. Bart's Nightmare: March 26, 1989
  15. Bart of the Jungle: April 16, 1989
  16. Family Therapy: April 23, 1989
  17. Maggie in Peril (Chapter One): April 30, 1989
  18. Maggie in Peril (The Thrilling Conclusion): May 7, 1989
  19. TV Simpsons: May 14, 1989

The Simpsons - Season 1

  1. Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire: 17 December 1989
  2. Bart the Genius: 14 January 1990
  3. Homer's Odyssey: 21 January 1990
  4. There's No Disgrace Like Home: 28 January 1990
  5. Bart the General: 4 February 1990
  6. Moaning Lisa: 11 February 1990
  7. The Call of the Simpsons: 18 February 1990
  8. The Telltale Head: 25 February 1990
  9. Life on the Fast Lane: 18 March 1990
  10. Homer's Night Out: 25 March 1990
  11. The Crepes of Wrath: 15 April 1990
  12. Krusty Gets Busted: 29 April 1990
  13. Some Enchanted Evening: 13 May 1990

The Simpsons - Season 2

  1. Bart Gets an F: 11 October 1990
  2. Simpson and Delilah: 18 October 1990
  3. Treehouse of Horror: 25 October 1990
  4. Two Cars in Every Garage and Three Eyes on Every Fish: 1 November 1990
  5. Dancin' Homer: 8 November 1990
  6. Dead Putting Society: 15 November 1990
  7. Bart vs. Thanksgiving: 22 November 1990
  8. Bart the Daredevil: 6 December 1990
  9. Itchy and Scratchy and Marge: 20 December 1990
  10. Bart Gets Hit by a Car: 10 January 1991
  11. One Fish, Two Fish, Blowfish, Blue Fish: 24 January 1991
  12. The Way We Was: 31 January 1991
  13. Homer vs. Lisa and the Eighth Commandment: 7 February 1991
  14. Principal Charming: 14 February 1991
  15. Oh Brother, Where Art Thou?: 21 February 1991
  16. Bart's Dog Gets an F: 7 March 1991
  17. Old Money: 28 March 1991
  18. Brush with Greatness: 11 April 1991
  19. Lisa's Substitute: 25 April 1991
  20. The War of the Simpsons: 2 May 1991
  21. Three Men and a Comic Book: 9 May 1991
  22. Blood Feud: 11 August 1991

The Simpsons - Season 3

  1. Stark Raving Dad: 19 September 1991
  2. Mr. Lisa Goes to Washington: 26 September 1991
  3. When Flanders Failed: 3 October 1991
  4. Bart the Murderer: 10 October 1991
  5. Homer Defined: 17 October 1991
  6. Like Father, Like Clown: 24 October 1991
  7. Treehouse of Horror II: 31 October 1991
  8. Lisa's Pony: 7 November 1991
  9. Saturdays of Thunder: 14 November 1991
  10. Flaming Moe's: 21 November 1991
  11. Burns Verkaufen der Kraftwerk: 5 December 1991
  12. I Married Marge: 26 December 1991
  13. Radio Bart: 9 January 1992
  14. Lisa the Greek: 23 January 1992
  15. Homer Alone: 6 February 1992
  16. Bart the Lover: 13 February 1992
  17. Homer at the Bat: 20 February 1992
  18. Separate Vocations: 27 February 1992
  19. Dog of Death: 12 March 1992
  20. Colonel Homer: 26 March 1992
  21. Black Widower: 9 April 1992
  22. The Otto Show: 23 April 1992
  23. Bart's Friend Falls in Love: 7 May 1992
  24. Brother, Can You Spare Two Dimes?: 27 August 1992

The Simpsons - Season 4

  1. Kamp Krusty: 24 September 1992
  2. A Streetcar Named Marge: 1 October 1992
  3. Homer the Heretic: 8 October 1992
  4. Lisa the Beauty Queen: 15 October 1992
  5. Treehouse of Horror III: 29 October 1992
  6. Itchy & Scratchy: The Movie: 3 November 1992
  7. Marge Gets a Job: 5 November 1992
  8. New Kid on the Block: 12 November 1992
  9. Mr. Plow: 19 November 1992
  10. Lisa's First Word: 3 December 1992
  11. Homer's Triple Bypass: 17 December 1992
  12. Marge vs. the Monorail: 14 January 1993
  13. Selma's Choice: 21 January 1993
  14. Brother from the Same Planet: 4 February 1993
  15. I Love Lisa: 11 February 1993
  16. Duffless: 18 February 1993
  17. Last Exit to Springfield: 11 March 1993
  18. So It's Come to This: A Simpsons Clip Show: 1 April 1993
  19. The Front: 15 April 1993
  20. Whacking Day: 29 April 1993
  21. Marge in Chains: 6 May 1993
  22. Krusty Gets Kancelled
    Original Air Date: 13 May 1993

The Simpsons - Season 5

  1. Homer's Barbershop Quartet: 30 September 1993
  2. Cape Feare: 7 October 1993
  3. Homer Goes to College: 14 October 1993
  4. Rosebud: 21 October 1993
  5. Treehouse of Horror IV: 28 October 1993
  6. Marge on the Lam: 4 November 1993
  7. Bart's Inner Child: 11 November 1993
  8. Boy Scoutz 'n the Hood: 18 November 1993
  9. The Last Temptation of Homer: 9 December 1993
  10. $pringfield (or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Legalized Gambling): 16 December 1993
  11. Homer the Vigilante: 6 January 1994
  12. Bart Gets Famous: 3 February 1994
  13. Homer and Apu: 10 February 1994
  14. Lisa vs. Malibu Stacy: 17 February 1994
  15. Deep Space Homer: 24 February 1994
  16. Homer Loves Flanders: 17 March 1994
  17. Bart Gets an Elephant: 31 March 1994
  18. Burns' Heir: 14 April 1994
  19. Sweet Seymour Skinner's Baadasssss Song: 28 April 1994
  20. The Boy Who Knew Too Much: 5 May 1994
  21. Lady Bouvier's Lover: 12 May 1994
  22. Secrets of a Successful Marriage: 19 May 1994

The Simpsons - Season 6

  1. Bart of Darkness: 4 September 1994
  2. Lisa's Rival: 11 September 1994
  3. Another Simpsons Clip Show: 25 September 1994
  4. Itchy & Scratchy Land: 2 October 1994
  5. Sideshow Bob Roberts: 9 October 1994
  6. Treehouse of Horror V: 30 October 1994
  7. Bart's Girlfriend: 6 November 1994
  8. Lisa on Ice: 13 November 1994
  9. Homer Badman: 27 November 1994
  10. Grampa vs. Sexual Inadequacy: 4 December 1994
  11. Fear of Flying: 18 December 1994
  12. Homer the Great: 8 January 1995
  13. And Maggie Makes Three: 22 January 1995
  14. Bart's Comet: 5 February 1995
  15. Homie the Clown: 12 February 1995
  16. Bart vs. Australia: 19 February 1995
  17. Homer vs. Patty and Selma: 26 February 1995
  18. A Star Is Burns: 5 March 1995
  19. Lisa's Wedding: 19 March 1995
  20. Two Dozen and One Greyhounds: 9 April 1995
  21. The PTA Disbands: 16 April 1995
  22. 'Round Springfield: 30 April 1995
  23. The Springfield Connection: 7 May 1995
  24. Lemon of Troy: 14 May 1995
  25. Who Shot Mr. Burns?: Part 1: 21 May 1995

The Simpsons - Season 7

  1. Who Shot Mr. Burns?: Part 2: 17 September 1995
  2. Radioactive Man: 24 September 1995
  3. Home Sweet Home-Diddily-Dum-Doodily: 1 October 1995
  4. Bart Sells His Soul: 8 October 1995
  5. Lisa the Vegetarian: 15 October 1995
  6. Treehouse of Horror VI: 29 October 1995
  7. King Size Homer: 5 November 1995
  8. Mother Simpson: 19 November 1995
  9. Sideshow Bob's Last Gleaming: 26 November 1995
  10. The Simpsons 138th Episode Spectacular: 3 December 1995
  11. Marge Be Not Proud: 17 December 1995
  12. Team Homer: 7 January 1996
  13. Two Bad Neighbors: 14 January 1996
  14. Scenes from a Class Struggle in Springfield: 4 February 1996
  15. Bart the Fink: 11 February 1996
  16. Lisa the Iconoclast: 18 February 1996
  17. Homer the Smithers: 25 February 1996
  18. The Day the Violence Died: 17 March 1996
  19. A Fish Called Selma: 24 March 1996
  20. Bart on the Road: 31 March 1996
  21. 22 Short Films About Springfield: 14 April 1996
  22. Raging Abe Simpson and His Grumbling Grandson in 'The Curse of the Flying Hellfish': 28 April 1996
  23. Much Apu About Nothing: 5 May 1996
  24. Homerpalooza: 19 May 1996
  25. Summer of 4 Ft. 2: 19 May 1996

The Simpsons - Season 8

  1. Treehouse of Horror VII: 27 October 1996
  2. You Only Move Twice: 3 November 1996
  3. The Homer They Fall: 10 November 1996
  4. Burns, Baby Burns: 17 November 1996
  5. Bart After Dark: 24 November 1996
  6. A Milhouse Divided: 1 December 1996
  7. Lisa's Date with Density: 15 December 1996
  8. Hurricane Neddy: 29 December 1996
  9. El Viaje Misterioso de Nuestro Homer: 5 January 1997
  10. The Springfield Files: 12 January 1997
  11. The Twisted World of Marge Simpson: 19 January 1997
  12. Mountain of Madness: 2 February 1997
  13. Simpsoncalifragilisticexpiala-Annoyed-Grunt-cious: 7 February 1997
  14. The Itchy & Scratchy & Poochie Show: 9 February 1997
  15. Homer's Phobia: 16 February 1997
  16. Brother from Another Series: 23 February 1997
  17. My Sister, My Sitter: 2 March 1997
  18. Homer vs. the 18th Amendment: 16 March 1997
  19. Grade School Confidential: 6 April 1997
  20. The Canine Mutiny: 13 April 1997
  21. The Old Man and the Lisa: 20 April 1997
  22. In Marge We Trust: 27 April 1997
  23. Homer's Enemy: 4 May 1997
  24. The Simpsons Spin-Off Showcase: 11 May 1997
  25. The Secret War of Lisa Simpson: 18 May 1997

The Simpsons - Season 9

  1. The City of New York vs. Homer Simpson: 21 September 1997
  2. The Principal and the Pauper: 28 September 1997
  3. Lisa's Sax: 19 October 1997
  4. Treehouse of Horror VIII: 26 October 1997
  5. The Cartridge Family: 2 November 1997
  6. Bart Star: 9 November 1997
  7. The Two Mrs. Nahasapeemapetilons: 16 November 1997
  8. Lisa the Skeptic: 23 November 1997
  9. Realty Bites: 7 December 1997
  10. Miracle on Evergreen Terrace: 21 December 1997
  11. All Singing, All Dancing: 4 January 1998
  12. Bart Carny: 11 January 1998
  13. The Joy of Sect: 8 February 1998
  14. Das Bus: 15 February 1998
  15. The Last Temptation of Krust: 22 February 1998
  16. Dumbbell Indemnity: 1 March 1998
  17. Lisa the Simpson: 8 March 1998
  18. This Little Wiggy: 22 March 1998
  19. Simpson Tide: 29 March 1998
  20. The Trouble with Trillions: 5 April 1998
  21. Girly Edition: 19 April 1998
  22. Trash of the Titans: 26 April 1998
  23. King of the Hill: 3 May 1998
  24. Lost Our Lisa: 10 May 1998
  25. Natural Born Kissers: 17 May 1998

The Simpsons - Season 10

  1. Lard of the Dance: 23 August 1998
  2. The Wizard of Evergreen Terrace: 20 September 1998
  3. Bart the Mother: 27 September 1998
  4. Treehouse of Horror IX: 25 October 1998
  5. When You Dish Upon a Star: 8 November 1998
  6. D'oh-in' in the Wind: 15 November 1998
  7. Lisa Gets an A: 22 November 1998
  8. Homer Simpson in: Kidney Trouble: 6 December 1998
  9. Mayored to the Mob: 20 December 1998
  10. Viva Ned Flanders: 10 January 1999
  11. Wild Barts Can't Be Broken: 17 January 1999
  12. Sunday, Cruddy Sunday: 31 January 1999
  13. Homer to the Max: 7 February 1999
  14. I'm with Cupid: 14 February 1999
  15. Marge Simpson in 'Screaming Yellow Honkers': 21 February 1999
  16. Make Room for Lisa: 28 February 1999
  17. Maximum Homerdrive: 28 March 1999
  18. Simpsons Bible Stories: 4 April 1999
  19. Mom and Pop Art: 11 April 1999
  20. The Old Man and the 'C' Student: 25 April 1999
  21. Monty Can't Buy Me Love: 2 May 1999
  22. They Saved Lisa's Brain: 9 May 1999
  23. Thirty Minutes Over Tokyo: 16 May 1999

The Simpsons - Season 11

  1. Beyond Blunderdome: 26 September 1999
  2. Brother's Little Helper: 3 October 1999
  3. Guess Who's Coming to Criticize Dinner?: 24 October 1999
  4. Treehouse of Horror X: 31 October 1999
  5. E-I-E-I-(ANNOYED GRUNT): 7 November 1999
  6. Hello Gutter, Hello Fadder: 14 November 1999
  7. Eight Misbehavin': 21 November 1999
  8. Take My Wife, Sleaze: 28 November 1999
  9. Grift of the Magi: 19 December 1999
  10. Little Big Mom: 9 January 2000
  11. Faith Off: 16 January 2000
  12. The Mansion Family: 23 January 2000
  13. Saddlesore Galactica: 6 February 2000
  14. Alone Again, Natura-Diddly: 13 February 2000
  15. Missionary: Impossible: 20 February 2000
  16. Pygmoelian: 27 February 2000
  17. Bart to the Future: 19 March 2000
  18. Days of Wine and D'oh'ses: 9 April 2000
  19. Kill the Alligator and Run: 30 April 2000
  20. Last Tap Dance in Springfield: 7 May 2000
  21. It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad Marge: 14 May 2000
  22. Behind the Laughter: 21 May 2000

The Simpsons - Season 12

  1. Treehouse of Horror XI: 1 November 2000
  2. A Tale of Two Springfields: 5 November 2000
  3. Insane Clown Poppy: 12 November 2000
  4. Lisa the Tree Hugger: 19 November 2000
  5. Homer vs. Dignity: 26 November 2000
  6. The Computer Wore Menace Shoes: 3 December 2000
  7. The Great Money Caper: 10 December 2000
  8. Skinner's Sense of Snow: 17 December 2000
  9. HOM'R: 24 December 2000
  10. Pokey Mom: 14 January 2001
  11. Worst Episode Ever: 4 February 2001
  12. Tennis the Menace: 11 February 2001
  13. Day of the Jackanapes: 18 February 2001
  14. New Kids on the Blecch: 25 February 2001
  15. Hungry Hungry Homer: 4 March 2001
  16. Bye Bye Nerdie: 11 March 2001
  17. Simpsons Safari: 1 April 2001
  18. Trilogy of Error: 29 April 2001
  19. I'm Goin' to Praiseland: 6 May 2001
  20. Children of a Lesser Clod: 13 May 2001
  21. Simpson Tall Tales: 20 May 2001

The Simpsons - Season 13

  1. Treehouse of Horror XII: 6 November 2001
  2. The Parent Rap: 11 November 2001
  3. Homer the Moe: 18 November 2001
  4. A Hunka Hunka Burns in Love: 2 December 2001
  5. The Blunder Years: 9 December 2001
  6. She of Little Faith: 16 December 2001
  7. Brawl in the Family: 6 January 2002
  8. Sweets and Sour Marge: 20 January 2002
  9. Jaws Wired Shut: 27 January 2002
  10. Half-Decent Proposal: 10 February 2002
  11. The Bart Wants What It Wants: 17 February 2002
  12. The Lastest Gun in the West: 24 February 2002
  13. The Old Man and the Key: 10 March 2002
  14. Tales from the Public Domain: 17 March 2002
  15. Blame It on Lisa: 31 March 2002
  16. Weekend at Burnsie's: 7 April 2002
  17. Gump Roast: 21 April 2002
  18. I Am Furious Yellow: 28 April 2002
  19. The Sweetest Apu: 5 May 2002
  20. Little Girl in the Big Ten: 12 May 2002
  21. The Frying Game: 19 May 2002
  22. Papa's Got a Brand New Badge: 22 May 2002

The Simpsons - Season 14

  1. Treehouse of Horror XIII: 3 November 2002
  2. How I Spent My Strummer Vacation: 10 November 2002
  3. Bart vs. Lisa vs. the Third Grade: 17 November 2002
  4. Large Marge: 24 November 2002
  5. Helter Shelter: 1 December 2002
  6. The Great Louse Detective: 15 December 2002
  7. Special Edna: 5 January 2003
  8. The Dad Who Knew Too Little: 12 January 2003
  9. Strong Arms of the Ma: 2 February 2003
  10. Pray Anything: 9 February 2003
  11. Barting Over: 16 February 2003
  12. I'm Spelling as Fast as I Can: 16 February 2003
  13. A Star Is Born Again: 2 March 2003
  14. Mr. Spritz Goes to Washington: 9 March 2003
  15. C. E. D'oh: 16 March 2003
  16. 'Scuse Me While I Miss the Sky: 30 March 2003
  17. Three Gays of the Condo: 13 April 2003
  18. Dude, Where's My Ranch?: 27 April 2003
  19. Old Yeller Belly: 4 May 2003
  20. Brake My Wife, Please: 11 May 2003
  21. The Bart of War: 18 May 2003
  22. Moe Baby Blues: 18 May 2003

The Simpsons - Season 15

  1. Treehouse of Horror XIV: 2 November 2003
  2. My Mother the Carjacker: 9 November 2003
  3. The President Wore Pearls: 16 November 2003
  4. The Regina Monologues: 23 November 2003
  5. The Fat and the Furriest: 30 November 2003
  6. Today, I am a Clown: 7 December 2003
  7. 'Tis the Fifteenth Season: 14 December 2003
  8. Marge vs. Singles, Seniors, Childless Couples and Teens, and Gays: 4 January 2004
  9. I, (Annoyed Grunt)-Bot: 11 January 2004
  10. Diatribe of a Mad Housewife: 25 January 2004
  11. Margical History Tour: 8 February 2004
  12. Milhouse Doesn't Live Here Anymore: 15 February 2004
  13. Smart and Smarter: 22 February 2004
  14. The Ziff Who Came to Dinner: 14 March 2004
  15. Co-Dependent's Day: 21 March 2004
  16. The Wandering Juvie: 28 March 2004
  17. My Big Fat Geek Wedding: 18 April 2004
  18. Catch 'Em If You Can: 25 April 2004
  19. Simple Simpson: 2 May 2004
  20. The Way We Weren't: 9 May 2004
  21. Bart-Mangled Banner: 16 May 2004
  22. Fraudcast News: 23 May 2004

The Simpsons - Season 16

  1. Treehouse of Horror XV: 7 November 2004
  2. All's Fair in Oven War: 14 November 2004
  3. Sleeping with the Enemy: 21 November 2004
  4. She Used to Be My Girl: 5 December 2004
  5. Fat Man and Little Boy: 12 December 2004
  6. Midnight Rx: 16 January 2005
  7. Mommie Beerest: 30 January 2005
  8. Homer and Ned's Hail Mary Pass: 6 February 2005
  9. Pranksta Rap: 13 February 2005
  10. There's Something About Marrying: 20 February 2005
  11. On a Clear Day I Can't See My Sister: 6 March 2005
  12. Goo Goo Gai Pan: 13 March 2005
  13. Mobile Homer: 20 March 2005
  14. The Seven-Beer Snitch: 3 April 2005
  15. Future-Drama: 17 April 2005
  16. Don't Fear the Roofer: 1 May 2005
  17. The Heartbroke Kid: 1 May 2005
  18. A Star Is Torn: 8 May 2005
  19. Thank God It's Doomsday: 8 May 2005
  20. Home Away from Homer: 15 May 2005
  21. The Father, the Son, and the Holy Guest Star: 15 May 2005

The Simpsons - Season 17

  1. Bonfire of the Manatees: 11 September 2005
  2. The Girl Who Slept Too Little: 18 September 2005
  3. Milhouse of Sand and Fog: 25 September 2005
  4. Treehouse of Horror XVI: 6 November 2005
  5. Marge's Son Poisoning: 13 November 2005
  6. See Homer Run: 20 November 2005
  7. The Last of the Red Hat Mamas: 27 November 2005
  8. The Italian Bob: 11 December 2005
  9. Simpsons Christmas Stories: 18 December 2005
  10. Homer's Paternity Coot: 8 January 2006
  11. We're on the Road to D'owhere: 29 January 2006
  12. My Fair Laddy: 26 February 2006
  13. The Seemingly Never-Ending Story: 12 March 2006
  14. Bart Has Two Mommies: 19 March 2006
  15. Homer Simpson, This Is Your Wife: 26 March 2006
  16. Million Dollar Abie: 2 April 2006
  17. Kiss Kiss, Bang Bangalore: 9 April 2006
  18. The Wettest Stories Ever Told: 23 April 2006
  19. Girls Just Want to Have Sums: 30 April 2006
  20. Regarding Margie: 7 May 2006
  21. The Monkey Suit: 14 May 2006
  22. Marge and Homer Turn a Couple Play: 21 May 2006

The Simpsons - Season 18

  1. The Mook, the Chef, the Wife and Her Homer: 10 September 2006
  2. Jazzy & The Pussycats: 17 September 2006
  3. Please Homer Don't Hammer 'em: 24 September 2006
  4. Treehouse of Horror XVII: 5 November 2006
  5. GI (Annoyed Grunt): 12 November 2006
  6. Moe'N'A Lisa: 19 November 2006
  7. Ice Cream of Margie: With the Light Blue Hair: 26 November 2006
  8. The Haw-Hawed Couple: 10 December 2006
  9. Kill Gil, Volumes I & II: 17 December 2006
  10. The Wife Aquatic: 7 January 2007
  11. Revenge Is a Dish Best Served Three Times: 28 January 2007
  12. Little Big Girl: 11 February 2007
  13. Springfield Up: 18 February 2007
  14. Yokel Chords: 4 March 2007
  15. Rome-old and Juli-eh: 11 March 2007
  16. Homerazzi: 25 March 2007
  17. Marge Gamer: 22 April 2007
  18. The Boys of Bummer: 29 April 2007
  19. Crook and Ladder: 6 May 2007
  20. Stop or My Dog Will Shoot: 13 May 2007
  21. 24 Minutes: 20 May 2007
  22. You Kent Always Say What You Want: 20 May 2007

The Simpsons - Season 19

  1. He Loves to Fly and He D'ohs: 23 September 2007
  2. Homer of Seville: 30 September 2007
  3. Midnight Towboy: 7 October 2007
  4. I Don't Wanna Know Why the Caged Bird Sings: 14 October 2007
  5. Treehouse of Horror XVIII: 4 November 2007
  6. Little Orphan Millie: 11 November 2007
  7. Husbands and Knives: 18 November 2007
  8. Funeral for a Fiend: 25 November 2007
  9. Eternal Moonshine of the Simpson Mind: 16 December 2007
  10. E Pluribus Wiggum: 6 January 2008
  11. That 90's Show: 27 January 2008
  12. Love, Springfieldian Style: 17 February 2008
  13. The DeBarted: 2 March 2008
  14. Dial 'N' for Nerder: 9 March 2008
  15. Smoke on the Daughter: 30 March 2008
  16. Papa Don't Leech: 13 April 2008
  17. Apocalypse Cow: 27 April 2008
  18. Any Given Sundance: 4 May 2008
  19. Mona Leaves-a: 11 May 2008
  20. All About Lisa: 18 May 2008

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