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Camcorders

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Camcorders

 

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At the beginning video cameras (unlike movie cameras, that record the images on film) were developed for use in television studios. These cameras were very large devices, divided in two sections. The camera section held the lens and tube pre-amps and other necessary electronics, and was connected with a cable to the recording section of the camera, usually mounted in a rack in a separate room or a truck. This established the standard operation in the field of a two person news crew, one operating the camera, and one the recorder.

By the 70s thanks to miniaturization, out-of-studio video recording was made possible by means of compact video cameras and portable video recorders. Thus, the recording unit could be detached from the camera and carried to a shooting location.

However it was not until the 80s that the first cameras with an on-board recorder were brought to the market. Moreover since then, anyone could afford a videocamera, so just like in the case of other technologies, this was another one that became available to non-professionals.

In 1982 Sony released the Betacam system with a single camera-recorder unit, improving the freedom of a cameraman and soon becoming the the standard for both news-gathering and in-studio video editing.

In 1983 Sony released the first consumer camcorder—the Betamovie BMC-100P which could not be held just with a hand and should rest on a shoulder. Meanwhile JVC released the first camcorder based on VHS-C format. In 1985 Sony released its own compact video cassette format, the Video8.

In 1985, Panasonic, RCA, and Hitachi started producing videocameras that could record directly to VHS cassettes. These ones became the favorites of video professionals and students.

During the second half of the 80s the miniaturization process would take place as well as the introduction of digital cameras. In the 90sthe DV format was introduced and by the 2003 the first tapeless camcorder would be introduced to the market by Sony.

But it was not until the 80s that this technology was available to everyone, they could shoot whatever they wanted and connect it immediately to a VCR and see the results on a tv set.

Now people could build their own mini-studio just with a camcorder, a VCR and a TV.

So camcorders is one more thing that millennials take for granted, since they grew up with the existence of them, with the possibility of owning one and even knowing how to use them since childhood.

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