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Modern English - Old English (Anglo Saxon) Dictionary C-D


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C

 

c [] cén2m [Ger kien] name of the rune for c

 

cabbage [] cawl m kale

 

cabin [] cete f cellar, cýte f cottage

 

cabinet [] castenere m chest

 

cable [] ancorstreng m; líne f rope

 

cachexia [] yfeládl f consumption

 

Caesar [] Cásere m emperor; coin with ~’s head on it cásering m drachma

 

cajole [] wv/t1b léastyhtan

 

cajolery [] léastyhtung f

 

cake [] little ~ cécel n? [coecil]

 

calamity [] heardsǽlnes f

 

calf [] cúcealf n

 

call [] 1. one who ~s cígere m; 2 wv/t1b nemnan1 call; wv/t2 namian1, wv/t2 nemnian1name, wv/t1b cíegan name; sv/t6 galan1 cry; wv/t2 gelangian summon; sv/t6 galan1sing; ~ for wv/t1b gelengan; ~ forth sv/t7 ábannan út order out; ~ to account wv/t2 gerádian; ~ out wv/i1b cíegan, sv/t2 ábéodan summon, sv/t7 ábannan út assemble/ order out, wv/i2 ácleopian; ~ out (an army) sv/t5 ábiddan; ~ together sv/t7 ábannan út assemble; ~ upon wv/t2 laðian summon, wv/t1b cíegan summon, wv/t1b incégan, wv/t1b ingecígan, ingecégan invoke

 

calling [] 1. adj gecígendlic addressing; 2. cígung1f invocation, gecígung f invocation, gecígnes f entreaty; laðung1f invitation, gecígednes f summons; cræft m handicraft

 

callosity [] ile m corn

 

callow [] adj calu bare

 

calm [] adj cól tranquil

 

caltrop [] coltetræppe f a plant

 

calumniate [] wv/t2 hearmcwiddian

 

calumny [] hóltihte f, yfelsacung f blasphemy

 

calve [] wv/t2 cealfian

 

camel [] camel m

 

Camelford [] Gafolford m

 

cammock [] cammoc n?, m? rest-harrow

 

can [] canne f cup

cancer [] cancer m [L], cancerádl f

cancerous wound [] cancerwund f

 

candelabrum [] candeltréow n

 

candle [] candel f, n [L candela] lamp; ~light candelléoht n; ~-snuffers candelsnýtels m; ~stick candelstæf m, candelsticca m, léohtísern n

 

Candlemas [] Candelmæsse f the feast of Purification; ~ day Candelmæssedæg m; ~ eve Candelmæsseæfen n

 

candlewick [] candelwéoce f torch; flat ~ candelbryd n

 

candle-wort [] candelwyrt f

 

cane [] cannon noun pl [L canna]

 

canon [] canon m rule,  canonic m; book of ~s canonbóc f; ~ law préostlagu f ecclesiastical law

 

canonical [] 1. adj canonic, canoniclic; préostlic priestly; 2. ~ books canones béc f pl [L canon]; ~ rule préostregol m

 

canticle [] cantic m, canticsang m [L] sing

 

cap [] cæppe f [L]

 

capable [] adj gefindig; ~ of numol able; ~ of completion gefyllendlic

 

capacious [] adj numol roomy; numol susceptible

 

cape [] gára m point of land, næss m, næssa m headland

 

capital [] héafodstól m; ~ (city) héafod n

 

capon [] capun m [L capónem]

 

Cappadocian [] adj Cappadonisc

 

captive [] níedling m, hæftníedling m

 

captivity [] gehæftednes f snare, hæftníednes f

 

capture [] irreg wv/t1b læccan1 catch; sv/t4 ábrecan conquer

 

carbuncle [] carbunculus m [L]

 

cardinal number [] héafodgetel n

 

care [] 1. caru f concern, carfulnes f anxiety, gíeming f anxiety, gíemnes f anxiety, ymbhoga m consideration; nytt f supervision; ~ about life lífcearu2f; freedom from ~ carléasnes f, carléast f security; home of ~ carseld n; 2. ~ for wv/t2 carian grieve; ~ for wv/t2 árian1 favor; 3. free from ~ adj carléas  careless

 

careful [] 1. adj carful attentive, ymbhýdig, ymbhýdiglic suspicious; 2. ~ly adv carfullíce attentively; listelíce, ymbhýdiglíce; nearwe exactly; néodlíce diligently

 

carefulness [] carfulnes f

 

careless [] adj carléas free from care; ágímeléasod neglectful; ~ (of the mind) capiende thoughtless

 

carelessness [] ídel n inattention

 

caress [] wv/t2 lufian1 fondle

 

carnal [] adj líchamlic bodily

 

carried [] adj áboren

 

carry [] sv/t4 niman1 bring; sv/t4 áberan bear, wv/t1b lǽdan1lift; ~ a message wv/t2 ǽrendian1send word to; ~ in sv/t4 inberan; ~ off sv/t4 niman1 seize; ~ on wv/t3 habban look after; ~ out wv/t1b æfnan1perform, wv/t1b íecan1fulfill, wv/t1b lǽstan1 accomplish

 

carrying [] lád f leading; ~ of children [] cildfaru f

 

cartilage [] grost m

 

carve [] sv/t3 ceorfan1 cut out/engrave, sv/t6 grafan engrave

 

carved [] adj ácorfen

 

case [] 1. grammatical ~ cásus m; 2. in every ~ adv ǽghwǽr in every respect; in no ~ adv náhwǽr, náhwǽrn never

 

case [] security in ~s of theft inborh m bail

 

cask [] cýf f tub

 

cassock [] hacele f coat

 

cast away [] what is ~ ǽwyrp m, áworpennes f, áworpnes f rejection

 

cast down [] 1. wv/t1b áspornan; 2. one who has been ~ nyðeráworpen ?

castigation [] clǽnsung1f expiation

casting out [] a ~ áworpennes f, áworpnes f

 

castle [] castel m fort, ceaster f fort; ~-building castelweorc n

 

cat [] catt m, catte f

 

cat’s mint [] nefte f [L nepeta]

 

cataplasm [] lǽcedómnes f

 

catch [] irreg wv/t1b álæccan take; irreg wv/t1b læccan1capture, sv/t4 niman1seize

 

catching of birds [] yltwist f

 

caterpillar [] cawelwurm m, grimena m bruchus (a kind of locust without wings), ymel m, léafwyrm m

 

cathedral [] héafodcyrice f

 

catholic [] 1. adj geléaflic, ánlic; 2. ~ly adv geléaflíce

 

cattle [] 1. níetan n beast, ierfe n; æht f (usu pl) possessions, céap m; néat n pl; fodder basket for ~ yrfebin n; 2. adj unprovided with ~ yrfeléas; 3. stock with ~ wv/t2 geierfian

 

caucale [] næster ?

 

caul [] neta m; the net-like ~ nette f

 

cauldron [] léad n leaden vessel; ~ (for hot-water ordeal) céac m kettle

 

cause [] 1. intinga m matter; 2. wv/t1b æfnan1; ~ to do sv/t7 lǽtan1 ; ~ to move rapidly sv/i3 iernan turn

 

causing or accompanied by difficulty [] adj nearu oppressive

 

causing or accompanied by hardship [] adj nearu oppressive

 

cave [] cleofa m den, incleofe f den

 

cavern [] cíne f depth

 

cease [] sv/t3 áblinnan desist

 

cedar [] 1. ceder n, m, f [L cedrus]; ~-tree cederbéam m, cedertréow n; 2. of ~ adj cédrisc

 

celebrate [] wv/t1b gebréman make famous; render ~d wv/t2 geæðelian2make renowned

 

celebrated [] 1. adj namcúð; 2. make ~ wv/t1b gecýðan; render ~ wv/t2 geæðelian2make renowned

 

cell [] cleofa m chamber, cýte f cubicle; clús f, clúse f [L clausum] prison, clústor n [L claustrum] prison; prison-~ clústorcleofa m

 

cellar [] cete f cabin; cleofa m chamber

 

cement [] wv/t1b gelíman stick together

 

cemetery [] lícburg f

 

centaur [] centaur m

 

centaury [] curmealle f; black ~) [] ísenhearde f knapweed

 

centurion [] centur m, hundredes ealdor/man m head of the hundred court

 

cephalic vein [] héafodǽdre f

 

Cerdic’s shore [] Certices óra m

 

ceremony [] ǽ f rite

 

certainly! [] interj áfæstlá assuredly!

 

cessation [] áblinnendnes f, átéorodnes f exhaustion

 

chaff [] ceaf n, cornæsceda f pl

 

chain [] 1. lann1f fetter; 2. wv/t2 geracentéagian

 

Chaldean [] adj Caldisc

 

chalice [] calic m [L]

 

chalk [] cealc m lime, cealcstán m limestone; ~-pit cealcpyt m, cealcséað m; ~stone cealc m pebble

 

chamber [] cleofa m cell; incleofe f closet; inn n apartment; bed-~ cot n, cote f den; inner ~ incofa m; warm ~? pisle f [Low L pisalis]

 

chamomile [] líðeléaf n

 

champion [] cempa m warrior

 

chancellor [] canceler m [Low L cancellarium]

 

change [] 1. áwendednes f, áwendendnes f alteration, áwendennes f, ymbhweorfnes f revolution; áwending f subversion; cierr m time; ~ (of color) fágetung f; 2. wv/t1b inwendan; wv/t1a ymbcyrran overturn; wv/t1a, wv/i1a cierran1turn; ~ color wv/t1b fágettan; ~ in color wv/t2 fágian1vary

 

channel [] pípe f [L]

 

chanter’s staff [] canterstæf m

 

chapel [] portic m, n sanctuary

 

chaplain [] capellan m [L]

 

chapman [] céapmann m trader

 

chapter [] 1. ~ (division of a book) capitol m, capitul m, capitula m lesson; ~ (cathedral or monastic) capitol m, capitul m, capitula m; 2. adj divided into ~s gecapitulod

 

chapterhouse [] capitelhús n

 

character [] hád m individual; hád m nature

 

charcoal pit [] colpytt m

 

charge [] lay at one’s ~ wv/t1b ástǽlan

 

chariot [] crætwǽn m; iron ~ nægledcræt n

 

charioteer [] crætwísa m

 

charitable [] 1. adj ælmesfull, ælmesgeorn, cystig generous; 2. ~ly adv cystiglíce; 3. ~ness ælmeshand f almsgiving

 

charity [] ælmesgifu f alms

 

Charles’ Wain [] Carles wǽn m

 

charm [] 1. lybb n drug, héahgealdor n; 2. sing ~s sv/t6 galan1 practice incantation

 

charmer [] gabere m enchanter, galdere m enchanter

 

charter [] yrfegewrit n testament

 

chasm [] neowolnes f abyss

 

chaste [] adj clǽne pure; cúsc modest

 

chasten [] 1. wv/t1b nierwan1, wv/t2 nierwian1rebuke; wv/t2 clǽnsian cleanse; 2. ~ing clǽnsung1f cleansing

 

chastity [] andsumnes f, andsundnes f virginity; clǽnnes f purity, clǽnsung1f purity

chatter [] sv/i3 gyrran, gierran, georran sound

cheat [] wv/t1b pǽcan

 

cheating [] léasbréd m trickery

 

cheek [] céace f jaw, hagospind n

 

cheekbone [] céacbán n jaw

 

cheer [] wv/t1b ámyrgan delight; wv/t1b árétan gladden

 

cheerful [] adj glædmód joyous

 

cheese [] cýse m; piece of ~ cýssticce n; (female) ~maker cýswyrhte f; last week in which ~ was allowed to be eaten before Lent cýswucu f

 

cherish [] wv/t1a clyppan1 honor; wv/t2 lufian1love; wv/t3 habban entertain

 

cherry-tree [] cyrstréow n

 

Chertsey [] Certes íg f

 

chervil [] cerfelle f, cerfille f [L cerefolium]

chest [] castenere m cabinet; public ~ gafolgyld n state treasury; tightness of the ~ angbréost n asthma

chestnut-tree [] cystel f, cysten f

 

chew [] sv/t2 céowan1 gnaw

 

chewing [] céowung f

 

chicken [] cicen n

 

chider [] a ~ cídere m

 

chiding [] cídung f rebuke

 

chief [] 1. adj ieldest [spl of eald]; 2. héafod n leader, héafodwísa m director; æðeling m prince; léodfruma2m patriarch, ieldesta m

child [] 1. cild n infant, cnafa m, cnapa m youth, lýtling m infant; carrying of ~ren cildfaru f; ~hood cildhád m, cildild f, cildgeogoð f; ~ishness cildsung f; 2. ~ish adj cnihtlic boyish; cildisc puerile; cildlic young

 

childbirth [] cennes f

 

Childermas [] Cildamæssedæg m (Dec 28) Innocents’ Day

 

chill [] cielle m frost

 

chin [] cinn n

 

chin-bone [] cinbán n jawbone

 

chink [] 1. cíne f fissure; 2. adj ~y cineht cracked

 

chisel [] sv/t6 grafan engrave

 

choice [] 1. cyst f, m, cost m option; corennes1f election; cyre m free will; the ~st cyst f, m w. gen pl the best of anything; 2. adj coren1 chosen; worthy of ~ ácorenlic eligible

 

choir [] hád m

 

choose [] sv/t2 céosan1 select, sv/t2 ácéosan; ~ out wv/t1a cennan1 nominate

 

chosen [] adj coren1 elect; cost12 tried, ácoren; likely to be ~ ácorenlic eligible

 

chough [] céo f jay

 

Christ [] Crist m Anointed One, æðeling2m king, Godes gástsunu2m, noble king (~) æðelcyning m; ~’s mark Crístesmǽl, Crístesmél m, n the cross

 

Christendom [] crístendóm m the church

 

Christian [] 1. crísten m, crístena m, crístenmann m, crístna m; the ~ Deity God m; 2. adj crístenlic, crístlic, crísten

 

Christian baptism [] crístennes f

 

Christianity [] crístendóm m the church, crístennes f

 

Christmas [] Crístesmæsse f

 

chronicle [] cranic m [L] record

 

chronicler [] cranicwrítere m

 

church [] cirice f religious community, laðung1f congregation; ~-builder circwyrhta m; ~ (building) cirice f temple; ~-door ciricdor n, ciricduru f; ~-keeper ciricweard m warden; the ~ crístendóm m Christianity; ~ service ciricnytt f; ~yard cirictún m; dedication of a ~ ciricmǽrsung f; land of the ~ ciricland n; manual of the ~ services ciricbóc f church-book; neighboring ~ néahcyrice f; payment for providing lights in ~ léohtgesceot n, léohtgescot n; repair of ~es ciricbót f; support from the ~ ciricfultum m

 

church-bell [] ciricbelle f

 

church-book [] ciricbóc f manual of the church services

 

church-due [] ciricgeriht n

 

churl [] 1. ceorl m layman/peasant; 2. ~ish, of a ~ adj ceorlic rustic; 3. ~ishly adv ceorlisce

 

churn [] cyrin f, cyrn f

 

cider [] æppelwín n, líð n native wine

 

cinders [] æscegeswáp n ashes

 

circle [] circul m [L circulum]; ymbhwyrft m orbit; ymblyt m circumference; ~ of the earth ymbhwyrft m globe

 

circuit [] ymbbígnes f bend, ymbfær n journey round, ymbfæreld n, m journey round, ymbfaru n, ymbgang m circumference; ymbhwyrft m circle, ymblyt m circle, ymbryne m course

circumcision [] ymbceorfnes f , ymbhýwung f, ymbsnidennes f

 

 

circumference [] ymbgang m circuit, ymblyt m circle

 

circumspect [] 1. adj ymbsewen; 2. ~ly adv ymbscéawiendlíce

 

circumstanced [] adj gerád conditioned

citizen [] ceasterbúend m, portwer m, portweora m; ~s áðolware m pl; ~s ceasterléode n pl, ceastersǽtan m pl, ceastersǽte m pl

citizens [] ceasterwaran1m pl burghers

 

city [] house in a ~ ceasterhof n; ~ builder ceasterwyrhta m; ~ gate ceasterhlid n, portgeat n; ~ wall castelweall m rampart, ceasterweall m, portweall m; ~ war ingewinn n

 

clad [] adj gecláded clothed

 

clad [] iron-~ army ísenhere m; iron-~ troop ísenþréat m

 

claim (after-~) [] æftersprǽc f

 

claim [] sv/t5 æftersprecan

 

clamor [] clangettung f

 

clan [] cynling m

 

clap [] wv/t1a clæppan beat, wv/t2 þaccian1put one thing to another; wv/t2 þaccian1strike gently; ~ hands wv/t1b plegan mid handum; ~ the hands wv/t1b plegan applaud

 

clapping [] clæppetung f

 

clasp [] wv/t1a clyppan1 embrace, wv/t1a ymbclyppan embrace; ~ around sv/t3 ymbwindan hold; ~ or span around sv/t7 ymbspannan embrace

clatter [] clidren f, clidrin f

clattering [] clatrung f noise

 

clause [] loc n

 

claw [] 1. clifer m, nægl m finger/toenail; 2. sv/t7 cláwan, wv/t2 cláwian scratch

 

clay [] 1. clǽg m, lám n earth; 2. adj ~ey clǽig

 

clean [] 1. adj clǽne; 2. adv clǽne purely; 3. wv/t1a áðierran

 

cleanness [] moral ~ clǽnnes f purity

 

cleanse [] wv/t2 clǽnsian purify, wv/t1b ábýwan purify, wv/t2 áfeormian purify

 

cleansing [] clǽnsung1f purifying, áfeormung f scouring

 

clear [] 1. adj ǽbǽre  evident; andgietfullic intelligible; clǽne open; glæhlútor2 transparent; léoht light, hádor2bright; 2. ~ly adv gearolíce  fully; gerádlíce, andgietfullíce intelligently; hádre, léohte brightly; clǽne purely; 3. ~ oneself wv/t2 w.g. or a. clǽnsian justify, wv/t1a cennan1show oneself; ~ out wv/t2 clǽnsian purge

 

clearance [] cann f asseveration

 

clearing from blame or accusation [] lád f exculpation

 

clearness [] hádor n brightness

 

cleave [] sv/t1 clífan adhere; sv/t2 cléofan split, sv/t2 ácléofan

 

cleaving [] cléofung f

 

cleft [] adj geclyft [cléofan]

 

clench [] wv/t1a clyccan1 clutch

 

clerical (not lay) [] 1. adj gástlic, lǽred1 (as opposed to lay); 2. ~ly adv gástlíce

 

clever [] 1. adj céne, gerád skillful, geþancful ingenious; 2. adv céne learned

 

cleverness [] list m, f cunning

 

cliff [] clif n rock, næss m, næssa m ness

 

climb [] sv/t3 climban, wv/t2 clymmian ascend; ~ in sv/t1 instígan

 

cling to [] irreg wv/t1b w.d. néalǽcan

cloister [] clústor n [L claustrum] enclosure

close [] 1. adj néah near; [cmp néara; spl níehsta]; ~st innemest most intimate; ~ to one’s heart inméde important in one’s estimation; 2. adv ~ly nearolíce narrowly, nearwe narrowly; þicce thickly (marking closeness of separate objects, or in the texture or composition of a whole); ~ at hand néan; 2. ~ to prep w.d. néah near

 

close [] sv/t2 lúcan1 fasten; ~ up sv/i2 lúcan form one mass

 

closed by a lid [] adj hlidfæst

 

closet [] ærn n store, incleofe f chamber

 

closing [] clýsung f period

 

cloth [] clút m patch; linen ~ línenhrægl n; saddle ~ gára m strip of cloth; strip of ~ gára m saddle cloth

 

clothe [] wv/t2 gecláðian, wv/t2 gierelian1, gierlian1, irreg wv/t1b ymbsellan endue, wv/t1b ymbscrýdan, wv/t1b ymbwǽfan, wv/t2 ymbgearwian dress, wv/t2 gearwian1 adorn, sv/t7 ymbhón deck, sv/t7 ymbswápan envelop; ~ with flesh wv/t2 gelíchamian

 

clothed [] adj gecláded clad; not fully ~ nacod, nacud

 

clothes [] swaddling ~ cildcláðas m pl

 

clothing [] gearwe2f (usu pl) trappings, limwǽde n; ~ for night nihtwaru f

 

cloud [] lyfthelm2m mist; ~s lyft f, m, n atmosphere, lyftedor m

 

clout [] clút m patch

 

clover [] clǽfre f, clǽferwyrt f

 

cluck [] wv/t2 cloccian make a noise

 

cluster [] clyster n bunch, cropp m, croppa m bunch; ~ of ivy-berries ífigcrop m, ífigcroppa m

 

clustered [] adj croppiht

 

clutch [] 1. spiteful ~ inwitfeng m; 2. wv/t1a clyccan1 clench

 

coagulate [] sv/i3 geiernan

 

coal [] 1. col n live coal; live ~ col n; (char)~ pit colpytt m; ~-mouse colmáse f titmouse; 2. ~-black adj colsweart

 

coat [] cyrtel m (man’s) tunic; hacele f cloak, pád f cloak; fur ~ crúsene f, crúsne f [Ger kürschner]

 

cock [] hana m; carlfugol m male bird

 

cock-chafer [] ceafor m beetle

 

coffin [] lícbeorg f sarcophagus

 

cognizance [] cann f averment

 

cohabit (with) [] ~ (with) wv/t1b plegan; ~ with sv/i5 licgan1 mid

 

cohabitation [] gemæcnes f, gemæcscipe m; legertéam m marriage; néawest f, m, néawist f, m society; fine for unlawful ~ legerwíte f, m

 

cohere [] sv/i5 hlecan

 

cohort [] coorte f [L]

 

coin [] pening m penny; ~ of Danish origin ýre m; ~ with Caesar’s head on it cásering m drachma

 

coining money [] peningslæht m

 

cold [] 1. adj ceald, cól cool; altogether ~ ælceald very cold; icy ~ ísceald2; very ~ ælceald altogether cold; 2. adv ~ly cealde; 3. be ~ wv/i2 cólian cool; become ~ wv/i2 cealdian; grow ~ sv/i6 calan, wv/i2 cólian cool, wv/i2 ácólian; 4. ceald n coldness, cealdnes f coldness, cielle m coolness; ceolas m pl cold winds; piercing ~? gár2m tempest

 

coldness [] ceald n cold, cealdnes f cold

 

cole (caul, cawel) [] cawl m cabbage

 

collar [] cáma m [L] muzzle

collect [] sv/t5 lesan pick; wv/t2 gadrian1 store up; wv/t1b ánlǽcan1; ~ treasure wv/t2 goldhordian hoard ; ~ oneself sv/r4 geniman

collective [] adj gadrigendlic congegrative

 

colony [] landbúend f, landbúnes f settlement

 

color [] 1. change (of ~) fágetung f; variety of ~ fágnes f brilliancy; 2. change ~ wv/t1b fágettan; change in ~ wv/t2 fágian1 vary

 

colored (ivy-~) [] adj ífiht

column [] columne f

comb [] 1. camb m crest; 2. wv/t1b cemban1; 3. ~ed adj cambiht crested

 

combat [] camp m, n warfare, campwíg n battle, gúð2f war

 

combination [] þéowwracu f threat

 

come [] 1. sv/i4 cuman, wv/i1a cierran1proceed, irreg v/i gán1proceed; ~ forth wv/t1a yppan1be disclosed; ~ in sv/t4 incuman enter; ~ or draw near irreg wv/t1b w.d. néalǽcan approach; 2. ~! interjbehold!

 

comely [] 1. adj cyrten fair; 2. ~ly adv cyrtenlíce

 

comet [] cométa m [L]

 

comfort [] gehýdnes f

 

comfortably [] adv léohte lightly

 

comfrey [] consolde f [L], galloc m gall-apple

 

comic [] adj pleglic

 

coming after [] adj æftanweard following

 

coming against [] géancyrr m turning against

 

command [] 1. gebann n summons, nýdbebod n; ǽbebod n injunction of the law; geweald n control; 2. sv/t2 ábéodan direct, sv/t7 ábannan summon; sv/t7 ábannan order

 

commander [] campealdor m, hererǽswa m

 

comment [] ymbsprǽc f criticism

 

common [] 1. adj ceorllic belonging to the people generally; ceorlic rustic; 2. ~ly adv ceorllíce popularly

 

common people [] ceorlfolc n

 

commotion [] 1. ýðung f agitation; 2. bring into ~ irreg v/t áwillan boil

 

community [] gefére n company; members of a household or ~ inhíwan noun pl, inhígan noun pl; religious ~ cirice f church; ~ of priests préostgesamnung f

 

companion [] gada1m comrade, gædeling2m kinsman, gefére m, gemæcca m, f comrade, handgemaca m, handgesella m, handgestealla2m; impure ~ léof m; inevitable ~ nýdgeféra m; ~ in arms gædeling2m fellow

 

companionship [] gaderwist1f, geférrǽden f fellowship; gaderwist1f intercourse

 

company [] gefére n community; armed ~ gárgetrum n; soldier of the same ~ incempa m

 

compare [] sv/t7 gelíclǽtan liken

 

compass [] pair of ~es gafolrand m; ~es gafolrand m

 

compassionate [] adj árfæst merciful

 

compatriot [] geléod m fellow-countryman

 

compel [] wv/t1b ábǽdan restrain; wv/t2 néadian1urge, wv/t1b níedan force

 

compensation [] 1. céapgyld n, lean n remuneration; 2. entitled to nine-fold ~ adj nigongylde

 

compile [] wv/t2 gadrian1

 

complain [] wv/t2 ceorian1 murmur

 

complaining [] adj ceorig querulous

complete [] 1. adj æltǽwe entire; [Goth téwa]; 2. ~ly adv æltǽwelíce

completion [] 1. gefyllednes f fulfillment; 2. capable of ~ adj gefyllendlic

 

complexion [] nebb n face

 

compline [] gefyllingtíd f, nihtsang m

 

compose [] wv/t1b geglengan set in order, wv/t2 ádihtian

 

comprehend [] irreg wv/t1b læccan1grasp, sv/t4 niman1grasp

 

compromise [] wv/t1b plihtan imperil

 

compulsion [] níed f necessity, níedþearfnes f, néadung f, néadhád m force, níedþearf f force; one who acts under ~ nýddaeda m

 

compulsory [] 1. adj geníededlic, genýdenlic; 2. ~ly adv níede, níedes necessarily

 

compurgator [] ǽwda m, ǽwdamann m witness

 

computer [] circolwyrde m mathematician

 

comrade [] gada1m companion, gædeling2m companion, geféra m associate, gemæcca m, f companion; ~ in need nýdgestealla m

 

concede [] wv/t1b líefan1allow

 

conceive [] wv/t1a cennan1 bring forth

 

conceiving [] geácnung f

 

concentrate (thoughts) [] wv/t2 gadrian1

 

concern [] 1. caru f care; 2. wv/t2 ábehófian behoove

 

concerning [] prep w.a. ymbe in regard to

 

conclude [] sv/i2 lúcan

 

conclusion [] loc n settlement; ~ of a sentence, clause clýsung f period

 

concord [] ánméde n unanimity

 

concubinage [] geligere n adultery, geligernes f fornication

 

concubine [] cifes f harlot

condemn [] wv/t2niðerian1

 

 

condemnation [] 1. niðerung1f abasement; 2. deserving ~ adj geniðerigendlic; worthy of ~ áworpenlic

 

condiment [] inwise f

 

condition [] 1. cost m, gerád n, árǽdnes f stipulation; hád m nature; ~ of being a thane þegnrǽden f thaneship; 2. be in a miserable ~ wv/i2 æfian; 3. on ~ that conj þæs costes þe

 

conditioned [] adj gerád adapted; ill-~ þéawléas ill-mannered

 

conduct [] 1. shameless ~ ǽwiscnes f; adherence to the rules of right ~ or method þéawfæstnes f obedience to rule; 2. wv/t1b inlǽdan introduce; wv/t1b lǽdan1guide; ~ oneself sv/t7 lǽtan1

confess [] wv/t1b cýðan1 testify, wv/t1b geandettan

confessed [] adj geanwyrde  acknowledged

 

confession of faith [] créda m [L credo] creed

 

confidant [] gehala m counselor

 

confide in [] wv/t1b líefan1trust

 

confident [] adj over-~ heardmód

 

confidently [] adv prútlíce

 

confine [] wv/t1b nierwan1, wv/t2 nierwian1repress, wv/t2 nearwian1cramp

 

confined to bed [] adj gelegered, gelegerod

 

confinement [] hæften f, nearu f?, n? imprisonment

 

confirm [] wv/t1a ástellan establish; wv/t1b ácýðan prove, wv/t1b géatan grant; wv/t1b gecýðan

 

confirmation of an oath [] áðfultum m

 

confirmers of an oath  [] áðfultum m

 

confiscate [] wv/t2 gafolian1 seize as tribute

 

conflagration [] inbryne m

 

conflict [] gárníð m war; hall of ~ níðsele m

 

confound [] wv/t2 ámasian amaze

 

confounded [] be ~ wv/t2 áswárnian

 

confront [] wv/t2 nebbian rebuke

 

confusion [] the redness of ~ áblysgung f, áblysung f blushing

 

confute [] wv/t1b æfsecgan

 

congenial [] adj geæðele natural,  suitable

 

congregate [] sv/t7 ábannan út assemble

 

congregation [] ciricwaru f, laðung1f assembly; gaderung1f gathering; geférrǽden f society; ~ (non-Christian) cirice f

 

congregative [] adj gadrigendlic collective

 

conjugal [] adj gemæclic

 

connect [] wv/t1b limplǽcan  unite

 

connected with [] adj gadertang  united

 

connection [] gaderung1f union

 

connive at [] wv/t1b ieldan1 dissimulate

 

conquer [] irreg v/t gegán overrun, sv/t4 ábrecan capture

 

conscience [] ingehygd f, ingehýd f, ingehíd f understanding, ingeþanc m, n mind, ingeþóht m, n, ingewitnes f consciousness

 

conscious [] adj gegite

 

consciousness [] ingehygd f, ingehýd f, ingehíd f mind, ingewitnes f conscience

 

consecrate [] wv/t2 hádian1 ordain

 

consecrated [] newly ~ (of a king) adj nígehalgod

 

consecrated grave [] clǽne legere n

 

consecration [] hádung f ordination; ~ of a font fantblétsung f, fanthálgung f

 

consent [] 1. geþafsumnes f, gifung f; þafung1f permission; 2. wv/t1b géatan grant, wv/t1b geþafettan; 3. ~ing adj geþafa acquiescing, geþafsum agreeing; ~ing to adj w.g. geþæf agreeing to

 

consequence [] in ~ of prep w.d.i. æfter (causal) following

 

consider [] wv/t3 habban for, irreg wv/t1b ymbþencan think about, wv/t2 ymbþeahtian reflect, wv/t2 þeahtian1ponder; ~ wickedly irreg v/t yfelmynan, wv/t2 pinsian [L pensare] examine, wv/t1b áwénan; sv/t7 lǽtan1regard as, wv/t3 habban esteem

 

considerable [] adj gehycglic, gód [cmp betera, betra, bettra; spl betest, betst] sufficiently great

 

consideration [] gágerýne2n thought, gástgerýne2n thought, geþeaht f, n thought, þreodung f deliberation, ymbhoga m care, ymbsméagung f, ymbþreodung f deliberation

 

conspiracy [] andwyrding f, fácengecwis f

 

conspire [] wv/t1b geanwyrdan

 

constant [] 1. adj heardrǽd firm; 2. adv ~ly ǽfre always, gefæstlíce steadily

 

constrain [] wv/t2 néadian1 urge

 

constricted [] adj nearu narrow

 

construct [] wv/t2 gearwian1 erect

 

construction [] geweorc n work

 

consul [] consul m [L], géarcyning m

 

consult [] wv/t2 þeahtian1 take counsel

 

consultation [] þeahtung1f counsel

 

consume [] sv/t1 ábítan partake of, sv/t2 céowan1eat

 

consumption [] yfeládl f cachexia

 

contain [] 1. sv/t4 niman1, wv/t3 ymbhabban include; 2. that can ~ or hold much adj numol spacious

 

containing the number nineteen [] adj nigontýnlic

 

contemplate [] wv/t2 ymbwlátian

 

contemplation [] ymbwlátung f

 

contend [] sv/t7 lácan2fight, wv/t1b plegan fight

 

contented [] 1. adj genyhtsum satisfied; ~ w.g. geþæf; 2. adv ~ly genyhtsumlíce

 

contentious [] adj céaslunger, céastful

 

contest [] gecamp m warfare

 

continual [] 1. adj áwunigende [pptc]; 2. ~ adjectival suffix -gal

 

continuation [] gadertangnes f

 

continue [] sv/i6 ástandan endure, wv/t2 áwunian remain, wv/t1b lǽstan1endure; wv/t1b gadertengan join

 

continuous [] 1. adj andlang entire; gadertang united; 2. ~ly adv á always

 

contract [] nǽming f bargain

 

contracted [] adj áclungen

contradict [] sv/t5 géansprecan

contradiction [] geantalu f rejoinder

contrive [] irreg wv/t1b áðencan devise

control [] 1. æht f (usu pl) ownership; geweald n dominion; ǽhtgeweald2n, m power; 2. wv/t1b ástýran guide

 

controlled (easily ~) [] adj gewealden subject (to)

 

convene [] wv/t1b cíegan summon

 

convenience [] gehæplicnes f opportunity, nytnes f benefit

 

convenient [] adj gehæp, gehæplic fit, gehýðe appropriate

 

convent [] nunmynster n, nunnanmynster n nunnery; neighboring ~ néahhunmynster n, néahhunnmynster n

 

convention [] ymbcyme m assembly

 

conversation [] ymbsprǽc f comment

 

conversion [] cierring1f turning, gecierrednes f, gehwearfnes f, gehwyrfednes f, gehwyrfenes f

 

convert [] wv/t1a cierran1 persuade, wv/t1b ábýgan, wv/t1b gelǽran; be ~ed wv/i1a cierran1 agree to

 

converted [] adj gehweorf

 

converted [] newly ~ adj nígecyrred, níghworfen

 

conviction (inward ~) [] incundnes f sincerity

 

convoke [] sv/t7 ábannan summon

 

cooked food [] panmete m

 

cool [] 1. adj ceald, cól cold; 2. adv cealde; 3. wv/i2 cólian grow cold, wv/t1b gecǽlan; grow ~ sv/i6 calan

 

coolness [] cielle m cold, cólnes f

 

cope [] cæppe f [L] hood, cantelcáp m, ~ (vestment) cantercæppe f

 

copper [] ár n brass, coper n, copor n [L cuprum]

 

coriander [] coliandre f

 

corn [] 1. corn n grain; corn n corn-like pimple; ile m callosity; ~ dropped in carrying to barn corngebrot n; ear of ~ cropp m, croppa m; ~-like pimple corn n corn; payment in ~ corngesceot n; standing ~ yrð f crop; 2. rich in ~ adj corngesǽlig; ~-bearing cornbǽre, cornberende

 

corner [] gára m point of land; ~ of the eye angnere m; north ~ norðhyrne f; northeast ~ norðéasthyrne f

 

Cornwall [] Gafolford m

 

corpse [] líc n, líchama m body

 

corpse-bed [] néobedd2n bed of death

 

corrupt [] 1. adj lýðre wicked; 2. wv/t2 leahtrian1

 

corrupted [] adj gebrosnod decayed, gebrosnodlic

 

corruption [] áwemmendnes f, áwierding f blemish, gebrosnung f decay

 

corselet [] herebyrne f, herenett n, heresyrce f, leoðusyrce2f, lícsyrce f; iron ~ ísenbyrne f

 

coruscation [] lígetræsc m flash of light

 

costly [] adj æðele valuable; of ~ stuff pællen

 

costly gift [] gærsum m, n, f jewel

 

costmary [] cost m tansy

 

cot [] cot n, cote f bed-chamber

 

cottage [] cot n, cote f den; cýte f cabin; site of ~s cotstów f

 

cottager [] cotsetla m

 

couch [] crib f, leger n bed, nihtrest f

 

council [] gaderung1f assembly, geþeaht f, n assembly

 

counsel [] þeaht n advice, geþeaht f, n advice, þeahtung1f consultation; crafty ~ inwitrún f evil

 

counselor [] ǽwitam, gehala m confidant, þeahtere1m, geþeahta m adviser, geþeahtend m; lársmið2m teacher

 

count [] irreg wv/t1b átellan reckon up

 

countenance [] nebb n face, nebwlite m, nebwlitu m face

 

country [] landscearu f province, léodscipe m region; léode f pl people; léodgeard2m, landmearca m land, léodmearc2fdomain, léodrǽden f region; ~ (not town) land n; custom of a ~ landsidu m; dwelling in a ~ landbigong m; lord of a ~ landhláford m landlord

 

countryman [] fellow-~ geléod m compatriot; fellow-~ cýðð f, cýððu f neighbors

 

courage [] ánmédla m; cræft m might

 

course [] gang m way, lád f journey;ymbryne m revolution

 

court [] 1. cafortún m courtyard; getýne n entrance; 2. make a declaration in ~ wv/t1a cennan1 clear oneself

 

courtyard [] cafortún m court

 

cousin [] nýdmǽg1m, nýdmǽge1f blood relation; second ~ nefa m

 

covenant [] ǽ f custom, ánnes f agreement

 

cover [] 1. ymbfeng m envelope; 2. sv/t1 áwréon; ~ entirely wv/t1b geondbrǽdan; ~ with iron wv/t2 ísnian1

 

covered [] adj ymbhammen surrounded; ~ with ice ísig icy

 

covering [] pád f coat, pæll m [L pallium]hanging; helung f; þaca1m

 

coverlet [] hacele f pall

 

covetousness [] gítsung f greediness

 

cow [] cú f; tail of a ~ cútægl m

 

coward [] níðing m wretch

 

cowardice [] iergð f, iergðu f remissness

 

cowed [] adj ǽwiscmód2ashamed

 

cowl [] cufel f hood

 

cowslip [] cúsloppe f, cúslyppe f

 

crab [] hæfern m

 

crack [] wv/t2 cracian resound; sv/i1 cínan gape

 

cracked [] adj cineht chinky

 

crackle [] wv/i2 ábraslian

 

cradle [] cildcradol m, cildtrog m

 

craft [] list m, f skill, prætt m art

 

crafty [] 1. adj áberd, ábered cunning, lytig cunning; inwitful wicked; fácenful, fácenfullic, lytiglic deceitful; 2. ~ly adv lytiglíce, fácenfullíce deceitfully

 

crafty counsel [] inwitrún f evil

 

cram [] sv/t3 crimman1 put in, wv/t2 ácrammian

 

cramp [] wv/t2 nearwian1 confine

 

crane [] cranoc m

 

crank [] crancstæf m weaving implement

 

crash [] wv/i2 ábraslian

 

creak [] sv/i3 ceorran, sv/i3 gyrran, gierran, georran grate, wv/t1a gnyrran

 

create [] wv/t1a cennan1 beget

 

credible [] 1. adj geléaflic faithful, geléafsum; 2. ~ly adv geléaflíce

 

credulously [] adv gelíefedlíce

 

creed [] créda m [L credo] belief, léafa1m

 

creek [] pull m, f [Keltic] pool

creeping [] créopung f

cress [] 1. cærse f watercress, léaccærse f nasturtium; spring where ~ grows cærswill m; 2. full of ~ adj cærsiht

crest [] camb m comb

crested [] adj cambiht combed

 

crib [] crib f stall

 

cricket [] háma m

 

crime [] fácen n evil, fácendǽd f sin, iermð f, iermðu f, leahtor m offence; fine for a ~ gyltwíte n

 

cripple [] créopere m

 

crippled [] 1. lama m lame person; 2. wk adj lama lame; wk adj, masc noun limmlama

 

crisp [] wv/t2 cirpsian1 curl

 

criticism [] ymbesprǽc f remark, ymbsprǽc f comment

 

croak [] wvt1b crácettan

 

croaking [] crácetung f

 

crock [] crocc f, crocca m pot, cróg m pitcher

 

crooked [] 1. adj géap, gecrócod bent; 2. ~ly adv áwóh  unjustly; 3. act ~ wv/t2 lytigian feign

 

crop [] æcer m; yrð f produce; ~ (of a bird) cropp m, croppa m

 

cross [] 1. crúc m, gealga m; the ~Crístesmǽl, Crístesmél m, n Christ’s mark; 2. to make the sign of the ~ irreg wv/t1b wyrcan Crístesmǽl / Crístesmél

crow [] 1. cráwa m, cráwe f raven; 2. sv/i7 cráwan1

 

 

crowbar? [] yppingíren n

 

crowd [] 1. gaderung1f assembly; 2. wv/t2 nearwian; ~ about wv/t2 ymbhéapian

 

crow-garlic [] cráwanléac n

 

crown [] 1. coróna m [L], corenbég m [L corona], gyldenbéag m, héafodbéag m, héafodbend m diadem, héafodgold n; 2. wv/t2 gecorónian, wv/t2 cynehelmian1

 

crowned [] newly ~ adj nígehalgod

 

cruel [] 1. adj cealdheort, gram fierce, grammód ; 2. ~ly adv grame fiercely, grímme severely

 

cruelty [] grimnes f ferocity

 

crumb [] cruma m fragment

 

crumble [] wv/t1a gecrymman, wv/t2 gecrymian

 

crupper [] æfterráp m, æfterrǽpe m

 

crust [] hierstinghláf m

 

crutch [] crycc f staff

 

cry [] sv/t6 galan1 scream, wv/t1b gierman mourn, wv/t2 þoterian lament; ~ out wv/t1b gégan, wv/t1b cancetan, wv/t1b cancettan mock

 

crying [] þoterung f wailing

crystal [] 1. cristalla m; 2. adj of ~ cristallic

cubicle [] cýte f cell

 

cuckoo [] géac m

 

cudgel [] cycgel m

 

cultivate [] sv/t3 ymbhweorfan tend

 

cultivation [] ymbhwyrft m; ~ of tribute-land gafolyrð f

 

cunning [] 1. adj áberd, ábered crafty, géap deceitful, géaplic, prættig sly, lytig crafty; without skill or ~ ǽgýpe; 2. ~ly adv géaplíce, listum; 3. lár f, list m, f cleverness, lotwrenc m deception, lotwrencceast f, lytignes f; dark ~ nearosearu2f

 

cunning hostility [] inwitníð2 m

 

cup [] cuppe f, canne f can, læfel m vessel[L labellum], líð n beaker

 

curb [] wv/t1b ymbebǽtan restrain, wv/t2 gebrídlian restrain

 

curd-like mass [] cýgerunn n

cure [] 1. lácnung f healing; 2. wv/t2 lácnian1 heal, wv/t1b ágýman heal

curiosity [] fyrwitnes f

 

curl [] wv/t1b gecrympan, wv/t2 cirpsian1crisp

 

curly [] adj cirps

 

current [] íegstréam2m river

 

curse [] 1. curs m malediction; a ~ áwyrigung f; ~ing cursung f damnation; 2. wv/t2 cursian

 

curtail [] wv/t2 lýtlian1 shorten

 

curtain [] hacele f pall

 

custody [] gíeming f

 

custom [] ǽ f covenant; ~ of a country landsidu m; enforced ~ néadgewuna m; place of ~ or tribute gafolmanung f; seat of ~ or toll céapsceamul m treasury

 

customary [] adj geþeawe usual

 

cut [] sv/t3 ceorfan1 slay; ~ down sv/t3 ceorfan1slay, sv/t7 ámáwan ; ~ off sv/t1 asníðan; ~ out sv/t3 ceorfan1 carve/engrave

 

cutting [] híewet n

 

cuttlefish [] cudele f

 

cycle [] circul m [L circulum] zodiac

 

Cyllenian [] adj Cillinesc

 

cymbal [] cimbal m, cimbala m [L]

 

cymbal-player [] cimbalglíwere m

 

cypress [] cypresse f [L]
 

 

D

 

daily [] 1. adj dægehwelc, dæggehwilc; 2. adv dæghwám

 

daisy [] dægége n, dægeséage n

Danube river [] Donua f

dark [] adj þéostor, þéostre gloomy; þéostorlic obscure

 

dark space (a ~) [] þrosm m darkness

 

darkness [] deorcnes f, þéostornes f; þéostorfulnes f obscurity; þrosm m a dark space

 

deadly [] adj déaðbǽrlic

 

deafness [] déafu f

 

debtor [] níedgylta m

 

December [] Ǽrra Géola m the former Yule month

 

December [] December m

 

deck round [] wv/t2 ymbgerénian

 

declension [] declinung f

 

decline (in grammar) [] wv/t2 declínian

 

declivity [] æfdýne m

 

deformed [] adj ǽhíwe

 

delay [] ælding f, ielden n

 

deliberate [] wv/t2 ymbþreodian

 

deliver [] wv/t1a æthreddan

 

demand (legally) [] wvt/1b ǽscan

 

demonstrably [] adv ætíewiendlíce evidently

 

demonstrative [] adj ætíewigendlic, ætýwigendlic

 

depravity [] þwéora m

 

Derbyshire [] Déorbýscír f

 

descendant [] æftergenga m, æftergengea m

 

descending [] adj dúnestígende

 

desolation [] ætlætnes f destruction

 

destruction [] ætlætnes f desolation

 

detected [] adj ǽréafe

 

dew [] déaw m, n, déawung f

 

die [] wv/i2 déadian1

 

digger [] delfere m

 

disappear [] sv/i2 ætscéotan escape

 

disturbance [] dréfung f

 

dive through [] sv/t2 þurhdúfan

 

divine [] adj dryhtweorð, dryhtwurð

 

divorced [] adj ǽlǽten

dog [] docga m

 

dolphin [] delfin m [L]

 

doorkeeper [] duruþegn m

 

doorless [] adj duruléas, dureléas

 

double [] adj dyple

 

Dover [] Dofere f

 

Dover [] Dofre f

 

dream [] 1. swefn m; 2. wv/t2 swefnian w.a. person; swá hwæt swá hine swefnaþ whatever he dreams;

 

drinking [] druncnung f

 

drivel [] wv/t2 dreflian

 

drone [] drán f

 

drunken [] adj druncenig, druncenwille, druncenwillen

 

drunkenness [] druncenhád m, druncennes f, druncenscipe m

 

dryness [] drýgnes f

 

duck [] dúce f

dusty [] adj dústig, dýstig

dwarf [] dweorg m

 

dwell around [] wv/t2 ymbeardian

 

dye [] wv/t2 déagian1


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