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each [] 1. adj ǽlc, ǽghwilc every, gehwǽmlic every, gehwilc every; 2. pron, noun ǽlc every, ǽghwæðer, pron? ǽghwilc ánra

 

each one [] m, f pron ǽghwá, gehwá, n pron ǽghwæt, gehwæt (neut) every one, anra gehwilc

 

each other [] pron? ǽghwilc óðer

 

eagerly [] adv néode [instrumental of néod], néodlíce zealously

 

ear of corn [] cropp m, croppa m sprout

 

early [] 1. prefix ǽr- early; 2. adv ǽrost prematurely; very ~ in the morning on ealne ǽrne mergen; ~er ǽror sooner; ~est ǽrost; 3. adj ~er ǽrra; ~est ǽrest

 

earn [] wv/t2 geærnian deserve

 

earnest [] 1. adj inweard, inweardlic, néodful sincere; 2. ~ly adv neahhe1, neahhie1, neahhige1

 

earnestness [] néod f zeal

 

earth [] grundwæg m, lám n clay, land n land, næss2m, næssa2m ground

 

earthly possessions [] landwela m

 

earthy [] adj grotig

 

ease [] íeðnes f pleasure

 

easily [] 1. ~ brought about adj íeðtogen; ~ controlled gewealden subject (to); 2. adv íeð, íeðelíce; léohte comfortably; léohtlíce quickly

 

easy [] 1. adj íeðelic; íeðe pleasant; léoht trifling; ~-going léohtmód; ~ to believe? léafléoht; 2. ~ly adv íeðelíce; 3. make ~ wv/t1b líhtan1 relieve

 

eat [] sv/t3 ábrúcan, wv/t2 nyttian1, sv/t5 áetan devour; wv/t1b ábirgan taste; sv/t2 gebrúcan enjoy

 

eatable [] 1. adj ǽtlic; 2. ~s ǽt m, f, n food

 

eating [] ǽt m, f, n act of feeding

 

eavesdrop [] yfesdrype m

 

ebb [] 1. népflód m low tide; 2. ~ away wv/i2 ǽebbian recede

 

ebbing [] æbbung f

 

ecclesiastical [] 1. adj ciriclic; 2. ~ authority láréowdóm m; ~ law préostlagu f canon law; ~ living ár f benefits

 

edge [] 1. lower ~ niðerecg f

 

edibility [] ætnes f

 

edifice [] geweorc n structure

 

edify [] wv/t2 intimbrian1

 

eel [] ǽl m, ǽlfisc m, ǽlfix m

 

effect [] irreg v/t gegán practice; take ~ sv/t4 on niman1

 

effectually [] adj gearwe thoroughly

 

efficient [] adj gód [cmp betera, betra, bettra; spl betest, betst] valid

 

egg [] ǽg n; white of ~ ǽglím m; ~shell ǽscill f; yolk of ~ ǽgergelu n; ~ mixture ǽggemang n; ~-skin ǽgerfelma m

 

either [] 1. conj áhwæðer; ~…or áhwæðer…oððe, áðer…oððe; 2. adv áhwæðer; 3. pron ǽghwæðer both

 

ejaculate [] sv/t1 indrífan utter

 

eldest [] adj ieldest [spl of eald]

 

elect [] 1. adj coren1 chosen; 2. ~ion corennes1f choice

 

election [] cyst f, m

 

elegance [] cyrtenes f beauty

 

elegant [] 1. adj getyngelic, getynglic polished; 2. adv ~ly getyngelíce, getynglíce, geglendendlíce, cyrtelíce neatly; 3. make ~ irreg wv/t1b cyrtenlǽcan1 beautify

 

elephant [] ylp m

 

elevation [] árǽrnes f raising

 

elf [] ælf m, f sprite

 

eligible [] adj ácorenlic worthy of choice

 

eloquence [] getyngnes f fluency

 

eloquent [] adj cwedol talkative

 

embark [] wv/i1b ástǽgan go up

 

ember [] ysl f, ysle f spark; ~s ǽmerge f ashes

 

Ember day [] Ymbren n, Ymbrendæg m

 

Ember tide [] Ymbren n Ember day

 

Ember week [] Ymbrenwuce f

 

embitter [] wv/t2 ábiterian, ábitrian make bitter/sour

 

emboss [] 1. wv/t2 ábracian engrave; 2. ~ed adj inheald in bas-relief

 

embrace [] 1. clypnes f; coss m kiss; clypp m, clypping f, ymbclypping f; 2. wv/t1a clyppan1clasp; sv/t7 ymbspannan clasp around, wv/t1a ymbclyppan clasp, wv/t2 ymbfæðmian, sv/t7 ymbfón grasp

 

embroider around [] wv/t2 ymbcæfian bedeck

 

emergency [] níed f trouble

 

emit [] sv/t7 lǽtan1let out, wv/t1b cylcan send forth

 

emmet [] ǽmette f ant

 

emotional [] adj iersigendlic passionate

 

emperor [] Cásere m Caesar, héahcásere m

 

employ [] 1. sv/t2 (usu w.g.) néotan use, wv/t2 notian1use; wv/t2 ábisgian occupy; 2. without ~ adj ǽmtig, ǽmetig, ǽmettig unoccupied

 

employment [] notu f use; nytt f office

 

empress [] cásern f

 

emptily [] adv butan intingan in vain

 

emptiness [] ǽmtignes f, lǽrnes f; ídel n idleness, ídelnes f frivolity

 

empty [] 1. adj ǽmtig, ǽmetig, ǽmettig vacant, ídel bare, ídelhende; gelǽr empty-handed; léaslic sham; nacod, nacud; ~-handed ídelhende, gelǽr empty; 2. ~ly adv léaslíce; 3. wv/t2 ǽmtian1; become ~ or useless wv/t2 ídlian1

 

enchant [] sv/t6 galan1 sing

 

enchanter [] gabere m charmer, galdere m sorcerer, galdorcræftiga m wizard, galdorgalere m wizard, galend m, galdorgalend m

 

enchanting [] art of ~ galdorcræft m incantation

 

enchantment [] galdor n spell, galdorléoð n spell; one skillfull or crafty in ~s galdorcræftiga m wizard

 

enchantress [] galdricge f

 

encircle [] wv/t1b ymbgyrdan surround

 

enclitic [] adj áhyldendlic

 

enclose []wv/t1a clyppan1 surround, irreg wv/t1b ymbsellan surround, sv/t5 ymblicgan surround, wv/t1a ymbclyccan, sv/t2 lúcan1 close

 

enclosed land [] pearroc m, pearruc m

encompass [] sv/t3 ymbhweorfan go around, sv/t7 ymbfón surround, sv/t7 ymbhealdan, wv/t1a ymbsettan surround

 

encourage [] wv/t1b geanmédan

 

end [] 1. ende m; north-east ~ norðéastende m; north-west ~ norðwestende m; geændung f finish; 2. at the ~ adv on æfterweardan, on æfterweardum

 

endeavor to bribe [] wv/t2 céapian1

 

endow [] wv/t2 árian1respect; ~ with land wv/t1b gelendan; ~ with life wv/t1b líffæstan1quicken

 

endue [] irreg wv/t1b ymbsellan clothe, sv/t3 áwinnan overcome

 

endurable [] adj áræfniendlic possible

 

endure [] sv/i6 ástandan continue; sv/t4 áberan suffer, wv/t1b æfnan1suffer, wv/t1b lǽstan1continue

 

enemy [] gehata m opponent; noun decl as adj gram, láðgetéona2m, láðgewinna m

 

energy [] arodscipe m dexterity, cáfnes f

 

enfold [] sv/t3 inbewindan enwrap

 

engage in [] wv/t2 ábisgian undertake; ~ battle irreg v/t tógædre/tógædere/tógadere gán1

 

England [] Angelcynn n

 

English [] the ~ Angle m pl; the ~ people Angelcynn n, Angelfolc n; the ~ as opposed to the Danes pl þá crístnan

 

engrave [] sv/t6 grafan carve, wv/t2 ábracian emboss

 

engraved [] adj ástemped stamped

 

enjoin [] wv/t1b gelǽran advise, wv/t1b lǽran1advise

 

enjoy [] sv/t2 (usu w.g.) néotan have the use of, sv/t2 gebrúcan eat,wv/t2 gebrýcian, gebrýcsian use, wv/t2 notian1, wv/t2 nyttian1 use

 

enjoyed [] adj gebrocen

 

enjoyment [] notu f advantage

 

enlarge [] wv/t1b geondbrǽdan extend; wv/t1b íecan1increase

 

enlighten [] wv/t1b inlíhtan1 illuminate

 

enmity [] anda m grudge, gnyrnwracu f revenge; níð m strife

 

ennoble [] wv/t2 geæðelian2 make noble

 

enrage [] wv/t2 iersian1 irritate

 

enrich with gifts [] wv/t2 gegifian

 

ensnare [] wv/t2 genettian

 

enter [] irreg v/t ingán go in, sv/i6 infaran, sv/t4 incuman go into, sv/t6 insteppan go in, sv/t7 ingangan go in; ~ in wv/t1b inféran

 

enterprise [] anginn n undertaking

 

entertain [] wv/t3 habban cherish

 

entice [] wv/t2 loccian1 attract, wv/t2 áloccian

 

entire [] 1. adj andlang continuous, æltǽwe complete; [Goth téwa]; 2. ~ly adv æltǽwelíce

 

entirely [] 1. adj gearwe thoroughly; 2. adv ǽdre2fully, ǽghwæs wholly, clǽne fully

 

entitled to nine-fold compensation [] adj nigongylde

 

entombment [] niðerlecgung f deposition

entrance [] incyme m, infær n ingress, ingang m ingress, instæpe m; getýne n court; port m [L porta] door; infæreld n incoming, gecierrednes f admission

entrance-fee [] ingang m; inlád f

 

entreated [] adj gebeden demanded

 

entreaty [] gecígnes f invocation

 

entrust [] sv/t7 on tréowe gelǽtan

 

entry [] infær n admission

 

entwined [] adj gebrogden

enumerate [] wv/t1b nemnan, wv/t2 nemnian, irreg wv/t1b átellan tell

envelop [] sv/t7 ymbswápan clothe

 

envelope [] ymbfeng m cover

 

envenomed [] adj geǽtred poisoned

 

envious [] 1. adj andig jealous, æfestig; níðig malicious, níðful evil; 2. ~ly adv andiendlíce; 3. be or become ~ wv/i2 æfestian1, æfestigian1; be ~ or jealous wv/i2 andian

 

environ [] sv/t7 ymbswápan sweep around

 

environment [] ymbhwyrft m extent

 

envy [] 1. anda m grudge; 2. wv/t1b níðan, wv/t2 geæféstian

 

enwrap [] sv/t3 inbewindan enfold

 

epistler (vestment worn by the ~) [] pistolcláð m

 

epistle-reader [] pistolrǽdere m sub-deacon

 

equal [] gemæcca m, f mate

 

equally [] adv gelíclíce

 

equip [] wv/t1b geatwan, wv/t2 gearwian1 prepare

equipments [] geatwe f pl arms

equipped [] adj gearu ready

 

eradicate [] wv/t2 ástýfecian suppress

 

ere [] 1. adj ǽrra, ǽrest; 2. adv ǽr [cmp ǽror; spl ǽrost, ǽrest, ǽrst] previously; 3. conj ǽr before that

 

erect [] wv/t1b átimbran, wv/t2 átimbrian build, wv/t2 gearwian1 construct

 

errand [] 1. ǽrende n message; níed f business; 2. go on an ~ wv/t2 geǽrendian intercede

 

erring [] adj ierre wandering

 

eructate [] wv/t1b cylcan belch

 

erudition [] lárcræft m

 

eruption [] fágnes f ulcer

 

escape [] sv/i3 áberstan break away, wv/t1b áspédan survive, sv/t4 áwegcuman, sv/t6 ætfaran, sv/t3 ætwindan, wv/t2 losian1 get away; allow to ~ sv/t7 lǽtan1 let out; ~ by flight sv/i2 ætfléon flee away; ~ from sv/t5 nesan survive

 

escarpment [] ýfre f

essence [] áwesnis

 

 

establish [] wv/t1a ástellan institute; ~ in a home wv/t2 gehámian

 

estate [] 1. landseten f occupied land; 2. born on the ~ adj inbyrde

 

esteem [] 1. geæhtle f; 2. wv/t3 habban consider

 

estimable [] adj léofwende acceptable, lícwyrðe1praiseworthy

 

estimation [] important to one’s ~ adj inméde close to one’s heart

 

estranged [] adj geælfremd, geælfremed

 

eternal life [] ǽlíf n

 

eternity [] ǽwicnes f

 

evangelical [] adj godspellic, godspellisc

 

evasively [] speak ~ wv/t1b fágettan mid wordum

 

even (not ~) [] adv

 

evening [] 1. ǽfnung f sunset, cwildtíd f [ON kveld]; ~ light ǽfenléoht n; ~ prayer ǽfenlác n; ~ rest ǽfenrest f; ~ sacrifice ǽfenlác n, ǽfenoffrung f; ~ song ǽfenléoð2n; 2. of the ~ adj ǽfenlic; 3. ~ly adv ǽfenlíce; 4. grow towards ~ wv/t1b ǽfenlǽcan

 

eventide [] ǽfentíd f, ǽfentíma m

 

ever [] adv á always, ǽfre at any time; for ~ adv á always, ǽfre tó alder

 

every [] 1. adj ǽghwilc, gehwǽmlic each; ~ (one) gehwilc all; 2. pron, noun ǽlc all

 

every one [] 1. adj ǽghwilc all; 2. m, f pron ǽghwá, gehwá, n pron ǽghwæt, gehwæt, pron ǽghwæðer either

 

everything [] 1. pron ǽghwæt; 2. ǽlcuht n, ælcwuht n

 

everywhere [] adv ǽghwǽr in every direction, ǽghwanan on every side; gehwǽr in all directions

 

evident [] adj ǽbǽre clear, yppe known

 

evil [] 1. adj yfel (cmp wiersa, spl wiersta, wierresta, weorsta), gódléas bad, yfelcund malignant, yfelic, yfellic bad, lýðerful vile, láð1 malignant, lysu base, níðful ill-disposed; ~-doing yfeldǽde, yfeldónde, yfelwyrcende; ~-living yfellibbende; ~-speaking yfelcweðelgiende, yfelcweðende, yfelsprǽce, yfelsprecende, yfelwyrde; persuading to ~ yfellǽrende; 2. ~ly adv yfelíce, yfellíce, yfle (cmp wiers/wyrs, spl ;wierrest/wyrrest/wyrst) badly, nearolíce; 3. yfel n wickedness, inwitstæf2m wickedness; níð m hatred; inwit n deceit; inwitrún f crafty counsel; fácen n sin; ~ deed lysu n, yfelweorc n; ~-doer náhtfremmend m, yfeldǽda m, yfeldónd m; ~-doing náht f wickedness, messenger of ~? nýdboda m; ~ nature inwitgecynd n; ~ one inwidda m adversary; ~ thought inwitþanc2m hostile intent, nearoþanc m wickedness; ~ trick nearowrenc m; 4. inflict ~ wv/t2 yfelian1hurt; speak ~ wv/i2 yfelcwedolian

 

evil-scheming [] adj níðhycgende2

 

exact [] wv/t1b ábǽdan take toll

 

exact middle [] ælemidde f

 

exact service from (an ecclesiastical establishment) [] wv/t2 nýdþéowian reduce to servitude

 

exaction [] níedbád f toll, nýdgild n tribute

 

exactly [] adv cyrtelíce neatly, cyrtenlíce fairly, nearwe carefully

 

exactor [] æfgeréfa m

 

exalt [] wv/t1b árengan make proud

 

examine [] sv/t2 áséoðan, wv/t2 pinsian [L pensare] consider, wv/t2 æfterspyrian inquire into; wv/i2, wv/t2 w.g. or a. costian1 prove; wv/t2 áscrútnian investigate

 

example [] lárbysn f

 

exasperate [] wv/t1b ǽbylgan1 offend

 

exasperated [] adj inbolgen

 

excellence [] 1. æðnesf nobility; cræft m virtue; moral ~ cyst f, m virtue; 2. render ~ wv/t2 geæðelian2 make renowned

 

excellent [] 1. adj áfandod approved, ǽmyrce, cost12chosen; æðellic noble, æðele famous, indryhten noble; 2. ~ly adv æðellíce

 

except [] 1. conj ac gif unless, nemne save, nymðe unless; 2. prep w.d.? nemne

 

excess [] gálscipe m lasciviousness

 

excessive [] 1. adj heardlic; 2. ~ly adv heardlíce

 

excite [] wv/t2 áclian frighten

 

exclude [] sv/t6 áhladan

 

exculpate oneself [] wv/t2 ládian1

 

exculpation [] lád f clearing from accusation, ládung f defense

 

excusable [] adj ládiendlic

 

excuse [] 1. ládung f defense; 2. wv/t2 ládian1 let off

 

excused [] adj gelíefen

 

excuser [] lǽdend m apologist

 

exercise [] 1. plega m movement; 2. wv/t1b plegan busy oneself, irreg v/t gegán practice, wv/t1b cýðan1practice

 

exhale [] wv/t1a ápyffan breathe out

 

exhaustion [] átéorodnes f cessation

 

exhortation [] lár f advice

 

exile [] nýdfara m fugitive

 

existence [] ástandennes f subsistence, líf m life; vain ~ ídelnes f idlenes

expect [] sv/t1 ábídan

 

expected [] adj ábád waited

 

expedition [] military ~ æxfaru f; warlike ~ gárfaru2f

 

expel [] wv/t2 áfeorsian remove

 

experience [] 1. list m, f skill; ácunnung f trial, áfandung f trial, andwísnes f; 2. wv/t2 ácunnian, wv/t2 áfandian find out, sv/t4 niman1; wv/t3 habban be subject to

 

experienced [] adj infród2 very aged

 

experiment [] cǽg f, cǽge f, cǽga m solution

 

expiation [] clǽnsung1f castigation

 

explain [] irreg wv/t1b átellan interpret

 

expletive [] adj gefyllendlic filling

 

expose to danger [] sv/t5 pléon w.g. adventure oneself

 

exposure (of children) [] áworpennes f, áworpnes f

 

extend [] wv/t1b geondbrǽdan enlarge; ~ to sv/i5 licgan1lead

 

extended [] adj andlang continuous, capiende stretched out

 

extension [] áðenenes f

 

extensive [] adj géap broad

 

extent [] ymbhwyrft m environment; ypping f accumulation

 

extermination [] ábréotnes f

 

extirpate [] wv/t2 áswefecian

 

extort [] wv/t1b áwrǽstan wrest from

 

extract [] wv/t1b ábǽdan force out

 

extraordinary [] 1. adj incúð strange; 2. ~ly adv incúðlíce

 

extravagance [] gálnes f luxury

 

extreme [] adj ýtemest last

 

extremity [] néadclamm n necessity

 

exult in (+ dat) [] sv/t3 ágylpan

 

exultation [] héahbliss f

 

eye [] éage n; apple of the ~ æppel m; corner of the ~ angnere m; disease of the ~ nihtéage n; smallness of the ~ ǽsmæl n?contraction of the pupil; twinkling of an ~ préowthwíl f moment

 

F

 

fable [] léasspell n lie

 

face [] 1. nebb n countenance, nebwlite m, nebwlitu m countenance; ~-powder nebsealf f; 2. ~ to face adv nebb wið nebb

 

facetious [] adj gálsmǽre frivolous

 

facilitate [] wv/t2 gearwian1 do, wv/t2 hýðegian1

 

fail [] sv/i5 licgan1 fall; sv/t2 ábréotan deteriorate, wv/t2 losian1perish

 

failing [] ætspringnes f, ætsprungnes f, ætsprungennes f, áspringung f, átéorung f weariness

 

failure [] gesweðrung f

 

fair [] 1. adj cyrten comely; 2. ~ly adv cyrtenlíce well, cyrtelíce neatly

 

fairy [] ælf m, f sprite

 

faith [] ǽ f religion; geléaffulnes f trust, léafa1 m belief

 

faithful [] 1. adj geléaflic credible; geléafsum, gelíefed believing, léafful1trustworthy; 2. ~ly adv geléaflíce, léaffullíce

 

faithfulness [] geléaffulnes f trust

 

faithless [] adj léas false

 

fall [] sv/i4 gefetan, sv/i5 licgan1lie dead, subside; ~ down sv/t1 ásígan decline; ~ in sv/i7 infeallan; make to ~ sv/t7 ábéatan break to pieces; ~ out of use wv/t2 lýtlian1; ~ to pieces sv/t3 ásincan sink down

 

falling down [] adj niðerhréosende

 

false [] 1. adj léas faithless; léaslic deceitful, léasbréd lying, léassagol lying, léasferhð, léasfyrhð; lysu evil; 2. ~ly adv lease, léaslíce; 3. ~ art léascræft m; ~ flatterer léasólæccere m; a ~ witness léasgewita m; ~ witness léasgewitnes f

 

falsehood [] léas n lying, léasbréden f, lygen f lie, léasbrédnes f deception

 

falseness [] ídelnes f frivolity

 

falsifier [] a ~ léasgespeca m

 

fame after death [] lástword n

 

familiar [] 1. adj hámcúð, híredcúð domestic; 2. adv ~ly híwisclíce

 

familiarity [] cýðð f, cýððu f knowledge, híredwist f, híwcúðnes f, híwcúðrǽdnes f

 

family [] æðeluf, n descent, cnéowrím2n progeny; inhíred m household

 

famous [] 1. adj æðele glorious; 2. make ~ wv/t1b gebréman celebrate

 

fan [] 1. fann f winnowing; 2. wv/t2 fannian winnow

 

far [] as ~ as prep w.d., rarely a. æt (local) up to

 

fare [] wv/t1b geféran undergo

 

farewell [] bid ~ to sv/t2 hǽl ábéodan wish one good luck

 

farm [] feormehám m

 

farmer [] æcermann m, ǽhtemann m, yrðling m ploughman; gebúr m, búr1m peasant; jakes-~ gangfeormere m privy-cleanser

 

fast [] 1. adj leoðufæst able; having ~ed for a night nihtnihstig; 2. legal or public ~ ǽwfæsten n; offering of a ~ lácfæsten n; periodical ~ at Ember tide Ymbrenfæsten n

 

fasten [] sv/t2 lúcan1 close; wv/t2 gefangian; ~ with nails wv/t2 næglian1 nail

 

fastidious [] 1. adj cís; 2. ~ness císnes f

 

fasting [] adj nihstig

 

fat [] 1. adj gefættig rich; 2. become ~ wv/t2 gefǽttian

 

fate [] géosceaft m destiny

 

father [] fæder m, ícend m [auctor], ícestre f [auctrix] producer; near, neighboring ~ néahfæder m

 

fatten [] wv/t2 áfǽttian anoint

 

fault [] intinga m cause; læst f sin, leahtor m vice; ~ (in an object) fácen n blemish

 

faultless [] adj leahtorléas blameless

 

faulty [] 1. adj leahtorlic viciously; 2. ~ly adv leahtorlíce, gyltlíce

 

favor [] 1. ár f grace, gifnes2f grace, liss f kindness [formerly líðs], lufu f strong liking; ~er geþafa m supporter; 2. ~able adj gód [cmp betera, betra, bettra; spl betest, betst] desirable; 3. wv/t2 árian1care for

 

favorable [] 1. adj árful kind; 2. ~ly adv árfullíce

 

fawn-skin [] næsc ?

 

fear [] 1. anda m horror, angnes f anxiety, gebregdnes f dread; 2. wv/t2 þracian dread

 

feast [] ~ (of unleavened bread) andbita m; the ~ of Purification Candelmæsse f Candlemas

 

fee [] doctor’s ~ lǽcefeoh n; entrance-~ ingang m, inlád f

 

feeble [] adj áléwed weak

 

feed (hawks) [] wv/t1a leppan

 

feeding (act of ~) [] ǽt m, f, n eating

 

feel shame [] wv/t2 áscamian

 

feign [] wv/t1b lícettan dissimulate, wv/t2 lytigian act crookedly

 

feigning [] lícettung f, lícetung f deceit

 

fellow [] gædeling2m kinsman

 

fellow-countryman [] geléod m compatriot

 

fellowship [] gæd n society, geférrǽden f companionship

 

female [] ~ athlete plegestre f; ~ lover lufestre f; ~ servant inþínan f; ~ slave lýtle f; ~ sponsor gefædere f godmother; ~ warrior cempestre f

 

fence around [] wv/t1b ymbhringan surround

 

fence by which a space is enclosed [] pearroc m, pearruc m

 

fencing [] æcertýning f

 

fencing-wood given as part of the rent [] gafoltíning f

 

fermented drink [] líð n native wine

 

ferocity [] grimnes f cruelty

 

festival [] 1. adj gildlic; 2. licentious ~ gálfréols m revel

 

festival-days [] gilddagas m pl

 

festivity [] plega m play

 

fetch in [] wv/t1a infeccan

 

fetter [] 1. ísen n, ísenbend2m, f, lann1f chain, hæftelclomm m, hæftnung f, hæftung f, níed f;  iron bond a ~ camp m, n; ~ about the head héafodbend m head-bond; hostile ~ inwitwrásn2f; iron ~ ísenfetor f; ~s of ice ísgebind n; 2. ~ed adj gecosped, gecospende; 3. wv/t1b cyspan1 bind, wv/t2 gefeterian2bind

 

feud [] great ~ cyninggeníðla m

 

fewness [] gehwǽdnes f smallness

 

fiction [] léasspell n lie

 

field [] 1. æcer m cultivated land; ~? camp m, n [L campus] plain; hedge of a ~ æerhege m; ridge in a ploughed ~ land n; 2. in the open ~ (of battle) adv on clǽnum felda

 

fierce [] 1. adj céne bold, gram hostile, ierre angry, níðgrim2 hostile; grimful violent; 2. ~ly adv céne bold, grame angrily, ierrenga angrily

 

fiery [] adj líglic

 

fifteenth [] adj fíftéða, fíftegða, fíftéoða

 

fifth [] adj fífta

 

fifthly [] adv fífte

 

fiftieth [] adj fífteogoða

 

fig [] with dried ~s caricum dat pl of noun [L carica]

 

fight [] 1. níðplega m battle; ~ with spears gárgewinn2n battle; 2. sv/t7 lácan2contend, wv/t1b plegan contend; wv/t2 campian1strive, wv/t2 gecampian strive; 3. bold in ~ adj gárcéne

 

fighting [] campung f warfare

 

fill [] sv/t2 ingéotan pour in; wv/t2 geinnian restore; wv/t2 ábisgian take up; ~ anew wv/t1a níwfyllan; ~ completely sv/t3 geondféolan [past pl geondfǽlon ptp geondfolen]; ~ to overflowing wv/t1b indrencan

 

fillet [] nostle f band

 

filth [] 1. gor n dirt; horines f; ~ place ádela m dirt; 2. ~y adj ádeliht

 

finally [] adv æt nehstan/siðestan, æt níehstan

 

find [] sv/t3 infindan discover; ~ hidden wv/t2 ábeþecian detect; ~ out wv/t2 áfandian experience; ~ out by inquiry sv/t5 gefricgan learn

 

fine [] ~ for a crime gyltwíte n; ~ for injury or loss æfwyrdla m; ~ for not detaining an offender hengwíte n; ~ for unpaid tax gyltwíte n; ~ for unlawful cohabitation legerwíte f, m

 

fine [] adj æðele splendid

 

finger [] fore~ léawfinger m index-finger; fourth ~ lǽcefinger m; index-~ léawfinger m forefinger; middle ~ ǽwiscberend m; leech-~ lǽcefinger m; tip of ~ anginn n; ~-nail nægl m

 

finish [] geændung f end

 

finished [] adj gearu ready

 

fir tree [] æbs f? [L: abies]

 

fir-cone [] pínhnutu f

 

fire [] 1. ál n burning, ǽled2m firebrand, líeg m, n flame, lígbryne2m burning, lígfýr n; 2. kindle a ~ irreg wv/t1b ǽled2 weccan; take ~ sv/i3 ábeornan

 

firebrand [] ǽled2m fire, ǽledléoma m

 

fire-pan [] cielle f [OHG kella] lamp

 

firewood supplied as part of the rent [] gafolwydu m

 

firm [] adj heardrǽd constant

 

first of all [] adv ǽrost just now

 

fir-tree [] gyrtréow n; silver ~ ábies f

 

fiscal [] adj gafollic tributary

 

fiscus [] gafolgyld n revenue

 

fish [] fisc m; basket for catching or keeping ~ leap m; ~ paid as rent gafolfisc m; ~-hook angel m angle

 

fist [] fýst f

 

fit [] adj coren1 choice; gehæp, gehæplic convenient; ~ for numol apt

 

fitting [] 1. adj gelíclic, gerádlic proper, néadwís due; gelimplic suitable; 2. adv ~ly gelíclíce, gelimplíce, gerádlíce

 

fittings [] with iron ~ adj ísenhyrst

 

fix a day for appearance [] wv/t2 ándagian1

 

fixed [] 1. adj ánfald, ánfeald, ánfealdlic invariable; 2. adv ~ly ánfaldlíce, ánfealdlíce, gefæstlíce steadily

 

flag [] wv/t2 ásánian droop

 

flame [] líeg m, n fire; ~ of fire ǽledfýr n

 

flaming [] adj lígbǽre, lígberende

 

flash [] 1. ~ of light lígetræsc m lightning; ~ of lightning líget n, m, lígetu f; 2. wv/i1b líxan glitter

 

flask [] pinnan f? bottle

 

flatter [] irreg wv/t1b léasóleccan blandish, wv/t1b lícettan, wv/t1b lyffettan, wv/t2lyffettian

 

flatterer [] herigend m, lyffetere m; false ~ léasólæccere m

 

flattery [] lícettung f, lícetung f feigning, lyffetung f adulation; empty ~ léasólecung f

 

flax [] 1. línwyrt f; 2. made of ~ adj linen linen

 

flee away [] sv/i2 ætfléon escape by flight

 

fleet [] Danish ~ norðsciphere m

 

flesh [] 1. ǽt m, f, n meat; 2. ~y adj líreht; 3. in the ~ adv líchamlíce personally; 4. clothe with ~ wv/t2 gelíchamian

 

flexible [] adj ábýgendlic bending, leoðubíge yielding

 

flier in the air [] lyftfléogend m bird; lyftfloga m dragon

 

flight [] 1. ~ through the air lyftgelác2n; 2. escape by ~ sv/i2 ætfléon flee away

 

flood [] lagu m water, ýð f wave; ýðfaru2f wave-course, laguflód m waters

 

floor [] threshing-~ þerscelflór f

 

flourish [] wv/t1b grýtan

 

flow [] 1. gang m stream; ierning f discharge; 2. sv/i3 iernan move rapidly; wv/t2 ýðgian fluctuate; sv/i5 licgan1run; ~ over or through sv/t7 geondflówan; ~ together sv/i7 ætflówan accumulate

 

flower [] cropp m, croppa m sprout

 

fluctuate [] wv/t2 ýðgian surge

 

fluency [] getyngnes f eloquence

 

fluent of speech [] adj gearowyrde

 

fluid [] adj géotenlic molten

 

fly [] sv/t7 lácan swing; ~ from sv/t2 infléon; ~ off wv/i1a ástellan rush

 

foam [] 1. fám n; 2. adj ~y fámig; 3. wv/i2 fámgian boil; ~ out wv/t1b áfǽman

 

fodder basket for cattle [] yrfebin n

 

foe [] láðgeníðla2m persecutor, níðhete2 m, níðsceaða m persecutor; ~ of souls gástgeníðla m devil

 

fold [] loc n enclosure, penn m [L] pen; plett f? [L plecta]

 

foliage [] léaf n pl

 

folk [] gumþéod f people; northern ~ norðfolc n, norðléode m pl

 

follow [] wv/t1b lǽstan1 serve, wv/t1b lást lecgan; ~ after wv/t2 æfterfolgian, wv/t1b æfterfylgan succeed; ~ closely wv/t2 lást weardian keep track of

 

follower [] æfterfolgere m, æfterfylgend m, æftergenga m, æftergengea m successor; lástweard m heir

 

follower [] m þegnhyse attendant

 

following [] 1. adj æfterra next, æftanweard coming after; æfterweard behind, æftwanweard behind; 2. prep w.d.i. æfter (causal) in consequence of

 

folly [] gál n levity, léasferðnes f levity

 

foment [] wv/t2 lácnian1 treat

 

fondle [] wv/t2 lufian1 caress

 

font []fant m fount; baptismal ~ fanfæt n; consecration of a ~ fantblétsung f, fanthálgung f

 

food [] ǽt m, f, n eatables, nest n victuals; gebrengnes f support; cooked ~ panmete m; Lent ~ lenctensufel n; pig’s ~ picgbréad n mast; ~ and drink ǽt and wǽt m, f, n

 

fool [] léasere m jester

 

foolish [] 1. adj andgietléas senseless; 2. ~ness géað2f mockery; ~ speech gafsprǽc1f scurrility; 3. be ~ wv/i2 ámidian; make ~ wv/t2 ádysgian

 

foot [] 1. going on ~ adj gangende; 2. fót m; sole of the ~ ile m, lást m

 

foot-army [] ganghere m infantry

 

footman [] gangere m ganger

 

footprint [] gang m track, lást m track

 

foot-soldiers (army of ~) [] ganghere m infantry

 

footstep [] to imprint (a ~) wv/t1a ástæppan

 

for [] 1. conj ac because; 2. prep w.a. a to; prep w.d.i. æfter (object) in pursuit of; prep w.i. (purpose) in to

 

for ever [] adv á always, ǽfre tó alder

 

force [] 1. néadhád m compulsion, níedþearf f compulsion, nýdmægen n; níed f violence ~ed dissolution nýdgedál2n death; naval ~ æschere m; land/native ~ landhere m (as opposed to naval force); one who takes by ~ nýdnima m; 2. wv/t2 néadian1compel, wv/t1b níedan urge; wv/t1b nýdnǽman ravish; ~ in wv/t2 nearwian1confine; ~ out wv/t1b ábǽdan extract; take by ~ sv/t3 nýdniman abduct; 3. by ~ adv níedenga, níedunga necessarily

 

forcibly [] adv néadunga, néadunge , nearwe oppressively; níedenga, níedunga necessarily

 

forefather [] ǽrfæder m

 

forefinger [] léawfinger m index-finger

 

forethought [] gehygd f, n reflection

 

forfeit [] declare ~ irreg wv/t1b w.d. and a. ætreccan deprive of; ~ life wv/t2 héafod þolian

 

forgiveness [] liss f remission [formerly líðs]

 

fork [] gafol f

 

form one mass [] sv/i2 lúcan close up

 

form? [] gelimplicnes f disposition of the limbs

 

formality or delay before entering on an inheritance (legal ~) [] yrfefyrst m

 

former [] prefix ǽr- former

 

formerly [] adv ǽr [cmp ǽror; spl ǽrost, ǽrest, ǽrst] beforehand, on ǽr, ǽr þissum beforehand

 

fornication [] cifesdóm m, cifesgemána m, cifeshád m; geligere n adultery, geligernes f adultery

 

fornicator [] hǽmend m

 

fort [] castel m castle, ceaster f castle

 

forth [] verb prefix á-

 

forthwith [] adv instæpes directly; lungre2 suddenly

 

fortification [] geweorc n military work, ymbtrymming m

 

fortify [] wv/t2 ymbtrymian protect

 

fortress [] getrymming f

 

foul [] 1. yfelic, yfellic ugly; 2. ~ly adv yfelíce, yfellíce; leahtorlíce wickedly

 

found [] wv/t2 ástemnian build

 

foundation [] grundweall m

 

fount []fant m font, ǽwielm m source

 

fountain [] ǽdre f spring

 

fourthly [] adv féorðe

 

fowl [] fugol m, henna m; water-~ ganot m sea-bird

 

fracture [] gebryce m breach

 

fragment [] cruma m crumb, gebrot n

 

frail [] adj lǽne perishable

 

France [] Gallia ríce n kingdom of the Gauls, Galwalas m pl Gaul

 

frankincense [] inbærnednes f, inbærnes f incense

 

Franks [] Galleas m pl, Gallias m pl Gauls

 

frantic [] adj gebrocséoc lunatic

 

fraternity [] gebróðorscipe m brotherhood, geférrǽden f society

 

fraud [] cræft m trick; lot n guile, fácen n deceit

 

free [] wv/t1b áfréon deliver; set ~ wv/t1a áhreddan rescue

 

free from [] 1. adj w.g. léas without; ~ care carléas careless; 2. sv/t3 ábregdan draw back

 

free of tax [] adj gildfréo

 

free will [] cyre m choice

 

freed [] adj ábroden, ábrogden opened

 

freedman [] líesing m

 

freedom from care [] carléasnes f, carléast f security

 

freeholder of the lowest class [] gebúr m, búr1m peasant

 

freeman [] ceorlmann m

 

free-will [] cyst f, m

 

French [] 1. adj Gallisc Gaulish; 2. Galleas m pl, Gallias m pl Gauls, Galwalas m pl

 

Frenchmen [] Galwalas m pl Gauls

 

frequently [] adv neahhe1, neahhie1, neahhige1often, þicce often (marking action that occurs with frequency or with little intermission)

 

fresh [] 1. adj hádor2 clear; níwe new, níwlic; ~ly smoothed nígslýcod glossy; 2. ~ly adv hádre; 3. become ~ wv/i1b áferscan

 

Friday [] Good ~ Langafrígedæg m

 

fried [] adj áfigen

 

friend [] fréond m, léof m beloved one, néodfréond m kinsman; closest ~ níehsta m, f; near ~ néahfréond m near kinsman

 

friendly [] adj híredlóf

 

friendship [] cýðð f, cýððu f acquaintance, geférrǽden f

 

frighten [] wv/t1a gebryddan terrify, wv/t1b áfǽran, wv/t1b gǽstan , wv/t2 áclian excite

 

frivolity [] gálnes f wantonness, léohtbrǽdnes f levity; léohtmódnes f inconstancy; ídel n emptiness, ídelnes f emptiness

 

frivolous [] adj gálsmǽre facetious

 

frog [] padde f, pade f toad, ýce f toad

 

frog-island [] paddaníeg f toad-meadow

 

from [] 1. prefix? æt-; 2. prep w.d., rarely a. æt (source); ~ within prep w.g.d.a. innan; 3. ~ near by adv néan

 

front (in ~ of) [] prep w.d.a.? anforngean

 

frontier [] landgemǽre n, landgemirce n limit

 

frost [] cielle m chill

 

frost-bitten [] become ~ sv/i6 ácalan

 

froth [] sv/t2 áfréoðan

 

frugal [] 1. adj gnéað sparing; 2. ~ity gnéaðlicnes f, gnéaðnes f

 

fruit [] 1. any kind of ~ æppel m fruit in general; ~ in general æppel m any kind of fruit; yearly ~ géarwǽstm m; 2. ~-bearing adj æppelbǽre, æppelberende

 

fruitful [] adj geberende

 

fry [] wv/t1b áhyrstan roast

 

frying-pan [] ísenpanna m, ísenpanne f

 

fugitive [] nýdfara m exile

 

fulfill [] wv/t1b æfnan1 perform, wv/t1b íecan1carry out

 

fulfilling the law [] adj ǽfyllende pious

 

full [] 1. adj full; ~ of cress cærsiht; ~ of life líffæst1 vigorous; ~ of water infléde2; 2. ~ly adv ǽdre2 entirely, clǽne entirely, gearolíce readily

 

fuller [] áfulliend m

 

function of a teacher [] láréowdóm m instruction

 

functionary [] ambihtscealc2m retainer

 

fur [] ~ coat crúsene f, crúsne f [Ger kürschner]; warm ~ garment pylece f robe

 

furious [] adj áblǽst inspired, gealgmód2 angry

 

furnish [] wv/t1b lǽstan1 grant

 

furnished [] ~ with hair adj gefeaxe; ~ with land (by the lord) gelend; ~ with skin gehýd

 

furniture [] inéddisc n household stuff, innierfe n household stuff, ýddisc n? household stuff

 

further [] 1. adj æfterweard after; 2. ~ payment æftergyld n

 

furze [] ceacga m broom


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