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Modern English - Old English (Anglo Saxon) Dictionary G-H


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G


g []
géar n name of the rune

gain [] 1. céap m purchase; 2. irreg v/t gegán conquer, irreg v/t gegán get, sv/t3 áwinnan overcome; ~ victory sv/t4 sige niman1; ~ by running wv/t1b geærnan

 

gait [] lást m step

 

gale [] gagel m? bog-myrtle; tufts of ~ gagelcroppan m pl; sweet ~ gagel m? bog-myrtle

gallantly [] adv þegnlíce manfully

gall-apple [] galloc m comfrey

 

gall-disease [] gealádl f jaundice

 

gallows [] gealga m, hengetréow n

 

game [] 1. gamenn, plega m sport; huntoð m, huntnoð m, huntnold m, huntnað m what is caught by hunting; director of public ~s campwísa m; 2. belonging to ~ adj gamenlic theatrical; 3. ~ly adv gamenlíce; 4. wv/t2 gamenian play

 

gaming [] gamenungf playing

 

gander [] gandra m

 

ganger [] gangere m footman

 

Ganges [] the river ~ Gandis indecl f

 

gangway [] gangweg m thoroughfare

 

gannet [] ganot m swan; ~’s bath ganotesbæðn (i.e., the sea)

 

gap [] ginnes f interval

 

gape [] wv/i2 ginian, wv/t2 gánian yawn, wv/t2 ágánian, wv/t1b géapan, wv/t2 géapian open

 

gaping (in scorn) [] gánung f

 

garden [] kitchen-~ léactún m garden of herbs; ~ of herbs léactún m kitchen-garden; ~-herb léac n garlic/onion

 

gardener [] léactúnweard m, léacweard m

 

garfish [] hornfisc f

 

garlic []gárléac n, léac n onion, cropléac n, cropléc n; crow-~ cráwanléac n

 

garment [] priestly ~ préostréaf n; purple ~ purpure f, purpur f, pæll m [L pallium]; splendid ~ pallium m [L]; upper ~ loða m cloak; warm fur ~ pylece f robe; white ~ albe f [L] alb

 

gate [] geat n door, port m [L porta] entrance; city ~ ceasterhlid n, portgeat n

 

gatekeeper [] geatweard m doorkeeper

 

Gateshead, near Newcastle, Durham [] Gáteshéafod n

 

gate-tower [] geattorr m

 

gather [] wv/t2 gadrian1 unite; sv/t5 lesan glean; wv/t2 gadrian1unite; ~ in wv/t2 insomnian ; ~ together wv/t2 gadrian1 unite

 

gatherer [] tax ~ gafolgeréfa m publican

 

gathering [] gaderung1f congregation, gegaderednes f abscess; ~ together gaderung1f

 

Gaul [] 1. adj ~ish Gallisc; belonging to ~ Gallisc French; 2. Galwalas m pl France; kingdom of the ~s Gallia ríce n France; people of ~ in a body Galwalas m pl Gauls; ~s Galleas m pl, Gallias m pl Franks, Galwalas m pl Frenchmen

 

gay [] adj gál wanton, light

 

gaze [] wv/t1b gorettan stare about

 

gear for games [] plega m

 

Geat (of the ~s) [] adj Géatisc?

 

gelded [] adj gildet

 

gelding [] hengest m, hengst m horse

 

genealogy [] cynnreccennes f

 

general (in ~) [] adv ǽghwæs  in every way

 

general [] láttéow m, láttéowa m leader

 

generation [] a. cnéowsibb f race; b. internal ~ insceaft f

 

generosity [] cyst f, m munificence

 

generous [] 1. adj cystig charitable; gifol liberal; 2. ~ly adv cystiglíce; 3. ~ giver lácgeofa m

genital [] adj cennendlic

genitive (case) [] adj ágniendlic1 possessive

 

genius [] æðeluf, n talents

 

gentle [] 1. adj léoht, líðe (cmp lýðre, spl lýðrest?) pleasant, þéawfæst; 2. ~ly adv léohtlíce softly

 

genuflection [] cnéowung f kneeling

 

gerund [] the ~adj? capiende

 

get [] irreg v/t gegán conquer/gain, wv/t2 fácian try to obtain, wv/t3 habban obtain; sv/t4 niman1receive; ~ by asking wv/t2 ábedecian, sv/t5 ábiddan obtain; ~ away wv/t2 losian1escape; ~ drunk wv/t1b geonddrencan drink excessively; ~ the value of wv/t1b cystan spend; ~ to sv/i3 geiernan attain, wv/t2 fácian reach

 

ghastly [] 1. adj gástlic spectral; 2. ~ly adv gástlíce

 

ghost [] gástm spirit, gríma2m; Holy ~ gást m; ~ly mystery gástgerýne2 n mystery of the mind

 

giant [] gígant m [L gigantem]; son of a ~ gígantmæcg m

 

gibing [] gabbung f jesting

 

gift [] 1. lác n, f present, gafol n offering; gód n advantage; lean n loan; costly ~ gærsum m, n, f jewel; special ~ of the Holy Spirit (e.g., the gift of tongues) gástgifu f; 2. enrich with ~s wv/t2 gegifian

 

giggling [] adj gálsmǽre laughing

 

gilded [] adj gullisc

 

gill [] pægel m wine vessel

 

gin [] netráp m snare

 

ginger [] gingiber f, gingifer f

 

gird about [] wv/t1b ymbgyrdan encircle

 

girdle [] gyrdel m belt, gyrdelhring m buckle

 

give [] sv/t5 giefan, sv/t4 niman1; wv/t1a cennan1attribute; wv/t1b lǽnan1lease; ~ light wv/t1b líhtan shine, wv/t2 léohtian illuminate; ~ out (in a contemptuous sense) wv/t1b cylcan utter; ~ (something) in (to somebody) irreg wv/t1b ingerǽcan

 

given to biting [] adj numol snappish

 

giver [] giefend m, gifola m; gefestre f; generous ~ lácgeofa m

 

glad [] make ~ wv/t2 áblissian please

 

gladden [] wv/t1b árétan cheer

gladly [] adv léoflíce, luflíce willingly, lustlíce willingly

gladness [] glædnes f joy, glædscipe m joy

 

gland [] (enlarged) ~ cyrnel m, n swelling

glare [] léoma1m gleam

gleam [] 1. glǽm2m brightness, léoma1m radiance; 2. wv/i1b líxan glitter

 

glean [] sv/t5 lesan gather

 

glee-wood [] gamenwudu2m harp

 

glitter [] sv/i1 áblícan shine, wv/i1b líxan shine, wv/i2 glæterian

 

gloaming [] ǽfenglóm m, ǽfenglóma m, ǽfenglómung f twilight

 

globe [] ymbhwyrft m world

 

gloom [] áblǽcnes f pallor; ~ of night nihtglóm m?

 

gloomy [] adj gealgmód2sad, nifol dark, þicce thick (of air, cloud, darkness, etc.)

 

glorify [] wv/t2 áwuldrian

 

glorious [] adj æðele famous

 

glory [] ánmédla m pomp; ár f dignity, indryhtu2f honor, lof n praise; ~ in war æsctír m

 

glossy [] adj nígslýcod freshly smoothed

 

gloved [] adj geglófed

 

glow [] sv/i7 glówan

 

glowing [] adj glowende burning,yslende

 

glutton [] gífer m

 

gnash [] wv/t1a gryrran; ~ the teeth wv/t1a grillan, wv/t2 gristbitian rage

 

gnashing [] gristbite m, gristlung f; ~ the teeth gristbitung f

 

gnaw [] sv/t2 céowan1 chew, sv/t1 ábítan bite into pieces

 

go [] irreg v/i gán1walk, sv/i7 gangan, sv/i7 gewealcan, sv/t4 niman1betake oneself; wv/i1a cierran1proceed; wv/i1b lástas lecgan journey; sv/i5 licgan1 flow; ~ away irreg v/i gán1 depart, wv/t2 áfeorsian; ~ about wv/t1b ymbféran journey around; ~ around irreg v/t ymbgán surround, sv/t7 ymbgangan surround, wv/t1a ymbcyrran make the circuit of, sv/t3 ymbhweorfan encompass, wv/t1b geondféran traverse; ~ in irreg v/t ingán enter, sv/t6 insteppan enter, sv/t7 ingangan enter, wv/t2 innian; ~ into sv/t4 incuman enter; ~ on an errand wv/t2 ǽrendian1 carry a message, wv/t2 geǽrendian intercede; ~ to wv/t1b néosan1, wv/t2 néosian1 visit; ~ up wv/i1b ástǽgan embark

 

goad [] 1. gád f point, gádírenn, gádísenn, pricel m, pricels m point; ~-iron gádírenn, gádísenn goad; 2. wv/t2 potian push

 

goat [] she-~ gát f; ~-house gátahús n; ~weed gótwoðe f

 

goblin [] ælf m, f incubus, púca m, púcel m, nihtgenga2m night-goer

 

God [] God m, æðeling2m king, gástcyning m soul’s king, líffréa2m Lord of life; source of life (~) líffruma2m

 

god [] God m; heathen ~ godgield n idol; image of a ~ God m god; ~like person God m

 

goddess of dress [] gyrlgyden f

 

godfather [] cumpæder m [L compater], gefædera m male sponsor

 

god-fearing [] adj godfyrht

 

godmother [] godmódor f, gefædere f female sponsor

 

going [] 1. gang m journey, ymbcerr m migration; ~ about ymbgang m circuit; ~ down niðersige m; 2. ~ back adj capiende retrograde; ~ on foot gangende; ~ swiftly gearugangende

 

gold [] 1. gold n; ~ ore goldóra m; rich/treasure ~ icge gold ?; 2. adj ~en gylden1; ~-haired gyldenfeax; greedy for ~ goldhwæt; ornamented with ~ goldhroden2; rich in ~ goldspédig

goldsmith [] goldsmið m; ~’s art goldsmiðu f

good [] 1. adj (of persons or things) gód [cmp betera, betra, bettra; spl betest, betst] virtuous, cystig virtuous; numol able; 2. adv ~ly cystiglíce; 3. gód n welfare; ~ thing gód n benefit; ~ness gód n welfare; ~ness gecorennes f; ~s gód n property; 4. make ~ wv/t2 geinnian restore

 

Good Friday [] Langafrígedæg m

 

good-nature [] 1. glædnes f; 2. ~d adj íeðe pleasant

 

goodness [] árfæstnes f grace, cyst f, m virtue; cystignes f, cystines f bounty

 

goods [] æht f (usu pl) possessions, céap m possessions; innierfe n household stuff; household ~ ingesteald n, innefeoh n

 

goose [] gós f, gósfugol m

 

gooseflesh [] góseflǽsc n

 

goose-skin [] cielewearte f

 

gorge [] sv/t3 ácweorran guzzle

 

goshawk [] góshafoc m

 

gospel [] Cristes ǽ f; part of the ~ containing the account of Christ’s passion passion f

 

Goth [] Gota m

 

gourd [] cyrfet m

 

gout [] liðádl f

 

government [] léodweard2f

 

gown [] (woman’s) ~ cyrtel m

 

grace [] ár f favor, gifnes2f favor, liss f favor [formerly líðs]; árfæstnes f piety

 

gracious [] 1. adj árfæst compassionate, gifol, glædmód kind, léofwende kind, líðe (cmp lýðre, spl lýðrest?) pleasant; 2. ~ly adv árfullíce

 

grade [] grád m, gráde f [L] rank

 

gradually [] adv lýtlum

grain [] corn n corn; growth of ~ corncíð m

grammar [] art of ~ grammaticcræft m

 

grammarian [] grammaticere m

 

grammatical [] adj grammatic [L]

 

granary [] cornhús n

 

granddaughter [] nefene f, nift f

 

grandfather [] ieldrafæder m

 

grandson [] dohtorsunu m daughter’s son; nefa m

 

grant [] wv/t1b géatan consent, wv/t2 gearwian1, wv/t1b lǽnan1lease, wv/t1b líefan1allow, wv/t1b lǽstan1furnish

 

grant of land [] written ~ landbóc f land-book

 

grantee [] inn tó w.d. used with words of granting to indicate the grantee

 

grasp [] fierce ~ níðgripe m

 

grasp [] irreg wv/t1b læccan1 seize, sv/t7 ymbfón embrace, sv/t4 niman1hold; sv/t4 niman1comprehend

 

grass [] gærswyrt f herba

 

grass-enclosure [] gærstún m meadow

 

grasshopper [] gærshoppa m, gærshoppe f, gærstapa m locust

 

grate [] sv/i3 gyrran, gierran, georran creak

 

grateful [] adj léoftǽl, léoftǽle kind

 

gratis [] adv bútan céape

 

grave [] 1. landrest f, leger n, legerbedd n, lícpytt m, pytt m [L puteus] pit; consecrated ~ clǽne legere n; 2. sv/t6 grafan chisel

 

gravel [] 1. ceosel m sand; ceoselstán m sandstone; 2. ~ly adj ceoselbǽre, ceoslen, ceoslig

 

graver [] grafere m sculptor

 

gray [] iron-~ adj ísengrǽg

 

great [] sufficiently ~ adj gód [cmp betera, betra, bettra; spl betest, betst] considerable

 

greatly [] adv néodlíce2

 

greatness [] gréatnes f, grýtu f

greed [] 1. néodfracu f yearning; 2. ~y adj ælegrǽdig, eallgrǽdig; ~y for gold adj goldhwæt; 3. obtain with ~ wv/t2 gegítsian; 4. ~ily adv gíferlíce, grǽdum

greediness [] gítsung f avarice

greet [] sv/t2 hǽl ábéodan

grey [] adj grǽg; ~-haired gamolfeax2

 

grey-haired [] adj gamolfeax2 with hoary-locks

 

greyhound [] gríghund m

 

grief [] níð m trouble

 

grievance [] inca m grudge

 

grieve [] wv/t2 carian  care for

 

grievous [] adj carig2, héaflic sad

 

griffin [] gíw m vulture

 

griffon [] griffus m

 

grind [] sv/i3 iernan turn; ~ the teeth wv/t1a gnyrran

 

grinder [] cintóð m; grindere m

 

grinding tooth [] grindetóð m molar

 

grinning [] grennung f

 

grip [] 1. coercive ~ nýdgráp f, nýdgrápe m; 2. wv/t1a clyppan1

 

gripe [] innanfortog n

 

gristle [] gristle f; nose-~ næsgristle f

 

groan [] wv/t1b gólan lament

 

groaning [] góung f

 

groin [] geweald n, lesca m

 

grope about [] sv/t2 ætfeohtan

 

ground [] grund m, næss2m, næssa2m earth; piece of ~ léah m meadow

 

group [] clíewen n mass

 

grove [] gráf n, gráfa m; oak-~ ácbearo m; palm-~ palmbearu m

 

grow [] wv/t1b lǽdan spread; ~ around sv/t6 ymbweaxan surround; ~ light wv/t1b líhtan dawn; ~ up sv/i3 geiernan

 

growing [] adj grówende; ~ thickly þicce abundant

 

growth [] æðeluf, n produce, geþang n; ~ of grain corncíð m

 

grudge [] anda m enmity, æfðanc m, æfðanca m anger; inca m quarrel

 

grunt [] sv/i3 gyrran, gierran, georran, wv/t1b grunnettan, wv/t1b grymettan, wv/t2 grymettian roar

 

grunting [] grymetung f, grymettung f roaring

 

Gualish [] adj Gallisc French

 

guard [] 1. nerung f protection; 2. wv/t1b cépan take heed

 

guardian at night [] nihtweard m

 

guess [] sv/t7 árǽdan prophesy

 

guest [] inwitgæst m

 

guidance [] láttéowdóm m instruction

 

guide [] 1. ládmann m leader, lǽttewestre f [láttéow], láttéow m, láttéowa m leader; 2. wv/t1b gelǽran instruct; wv/t2 gelísian slip, wv/t1b lǽdan1lead, wv/t1b lǽran1instruct; wv/t1b ástýran control; wv/t2 fadian1dispose

 

guiding rein [] lattéh f

 

guild [] junior member of a ~ cniht m; membership of a ~ gegilde n; ~-membership gildrǽden f

 

guile [] lot n fraud

 

guileless [] adj fácenléas, grandorléas

 

guilt [] ágylting f offence, ágyltnes f

 

guilty [] adj gyltig offending

 

gut [] þearm m entrail

 

Guth [] adj gerád

 

guzzle [] sv/t3 ácweorran gorge

 

gymnasium [] plegstów f amphitheater

 

gymnosophist [] nacudwráxlere m, plegmann m athlete

 

H

 

habitation [] geardung f; landbegengnes f, inlendiscnes f

 

habited [] not ~ adj ábúrod

 

hack into (any one) [] sv/t6 inbesléan

 

hail [] wv/i2 hagolian

 

hailstone [] hagolstán m

 

hailstorm [] hagolfaru f

 

hair [] 1. locfeax n, locgewind m; ~s of plants pílas m pl [L pilum]; ~-ornament cæfing f; 2. adj ~y gehǽre, loccod shaggy; furnished with ~ gefeaxe; golden-~ed gyldenfeax

 

halcyon [] ísearn m kingfisher

 

hall [] inburg f, inburh f; cafortún m residence; ~ in which gold is distributed goldsele2m; ~ of conflict níðsele m

 

hallowed [] adj clǽne

 

halter [] hælfter f, hælftre m, cæfester n [L capistrum], cæfl m muzzle

 

halve [] wv/t1b helfan

 

hamlet [] cotlíf n village

 

hand [] 1. hand f; 2. adv close at ~ néan; 3. ~ down (to others) wv/t1b gelǽran forð, wv/t1b lǽran forð; ~ over (to) sv/t7 tó handa lǽtan1

 

handbook [] handbóc f manual

 

handful [] handful n, f

 

handgrip [] handgripe m

 

handicraft [] cræft m trade

 

handiwork [] handgesceaft f

 

handle [] handle f, ~nægl m (in compounds)

 

hang [] wv/t2 áhangian

 

hanging [] pæll m [L pallium] covering

 

happen [] 1. irreg v/i gán1take place; 2. adj that ~ed yesterday nihteald

 

happening [] 1. adj gelimplic; 2. adv ~ly gelimplíce

 

harass [] wv/t1b áwyltan, wvt/1b áwǽlan afflict, wv/t1b ierman1afflict

 

harbor [] 1. port m [L portus] port; 2. ~ (stolen goods) wv/t2 gefeormian

 

hard [] 1. adj heard; iron~ ísenheard; 2. ~ly adv heardlíce

 

hardening [] heardung f, hierdenn f, áhierding f

 

hardness [] heardnes f; ~ of breathing nirewett n

 

hardship [] 1. níed f distress; 2. adj causing or accompanied by ~ nearu oppressive

 

harlot [] cifes f concubine

 

harm [] 1. láð n injury, áwierdnes f hurt; pleoh n danger; 2. wv/t2 ætegian

 

harmful thing [] láð n insult

 

harmonious [] adj ánswége accordant

 

harness [] gearwe2f (usu pl) armor

 

harp [] 1. hearpe f, gamenwudu2m; ~-string hearpestreng m; ~er hearpere m; (female) ~er hearpestre f; 2. wv/t2 hearpian

 

harrow [] rest-~ cammoc n?, m? cammock

 

harsh [] 1. adj heardlic severe; 2. ~ly adv heardlíce severely

 

hassock [] cassuc m sedge; ~ or sedge leaves [] cassucléaf n pl

 

hasten [] sv/i3 iernan move rapidly; sv/t2 crúdan2press

hate [] wv/t1b láðettan loathe, wv/t2 láðian, wv/t2 áláðian, wv/t1b níðan

hated [] 1. adj láð1 malignant; 2. be ~ wv/t2 láðian

 

hateful [] 1. adj láð1 evil, láðlic loathly, andsǽte repugnant; láðwende2 hostile; 2. ~ly adv láðlíce; 3. be or become ~ wv/t2 áláðian; make ~ or repulsive wv/t1b láðettan

 

hatred [] féoung f, níð m spite

 

haughtiness [] prýt f, prýte f pride

 

haughty [] 1. adj prútlic, capiende proud; 2. adv ~ly prútlíce

 

have [] wv/t3 habban; to not ~ wv/t3 nabban lack; ~ in one’s mouth wv/t1b cylcan be always talking about them ; ~ left wv/t1b lǽfan1spare; ~ no right to irreg v/t nágan not be allowed; ~ the taste of them in one’s mouth wv/t1b cylcan; ~ the use of sv/t2 (usu w.g.) néotan use; ~ time for wv/t2 ǽmtian1 be at leisure

 

having [] ~ a head adj gehéafdod; ~ landed property gelandod

 

hawk [] hafoc m, hafocfugel m, pyttel m kite

 

hawker [] hafocere m

 

hawking [] hafocung f

 

hazardous [] adj pléolic  dangerous

 

hazy [] adj þicce dense (of air, cloud, darkness, etc.)

 

head [] 1. hafela2 m; ~ of the hundred court hundredes ealdor/man m centurion; 2. having a ~ adj gehéafdod; with ~ thrown back capiende haughty

 

head [] héafod n; ~ache héafodece m; a wash for the ~ héafodbæð n; ~-bond héafodbend m fetter about the head; wound in the ~ héafodwund f

 

headland [] næss m, næssa m cliff

 

headless [] adj héafodléas

 

headlong [] adj neowol

 

heal [] wv/t1b ágýman cure, wv/t2 lácnian1 cure

 

healing [] hǽling f, gehǽlednes f, lácnung f cure

 

healthy [] 1. adj æltǽwe sound; [Goth téwa]; 2. ~ly adv æltǽwelíce

heart [] 1. heorte f, incofa m, innoð m, f breast; 2. adj ~y innancund thorough; close to one’s ~ inméde important in one’s estimation; loyal at ~ inhold; pure in ~ clǽnheort; 3. ~ily adv inlíce sincerely, inweardlíce; 4. lose ~ sv/t7 niðerlǽtan

heat of spring [] lenctenhǽtu f

 

heathen [] ~ god godgield n idol; ~ rite godgield n

 

heaven [] ceaster2f hell

 

heavy [] 1. adj píslic, pís [L pensum]; not ~ adj léoht light; 2. ~ly adv píslíce

 

hedge [] 1. ~ of a field æerhege m; 2. ~ around wv/t1b ymbtýnan surround, wv/t2 ymbhegian; ~ in irreg wv/t1b ymbwyrcan

 

hedgehog [] íl m porcupine

 

heedless (of the mind) [] adj capiende negligent

 

heel [] héla m, hélspure f

 

height [] lengu f length; ypplen n top

 

heir [] ierfa m, lástweard m successor, yrfeláf f, yrfenuma m successor, yrfeweard m son

 

hell [] helle m, ceaster2f heaven; hateful ~ níðhell f; pains of ~ gástcwalu f torment, gástgewinn n

 

helmet [] gríma2m mask, gúðhelm m, heregríma2m; iron ~ ísenhelm m

 

help [] 1. helpe f; ár f favor; ? lof n protection; ~ in trouble nýdhelp f, m; 2. sv/t4 helpan; wv/t1b lǽstan1follow

 

helper [] gefultuma m, gefylsta m, gefylsta m, geþafa m favorer

 

helpful [] adj gelástful serviceable; nytt beneficial

 

hen [] henn f, hennfugol m

 

henbane [] hennebelle f

 

henceforth [] adv ǽfre

 

henna-ointment [] cipersealf f [L cypros]

 

herald [] ár2m messenger

 

herb [] gærswyrt f grass; garden-~ léac n garlic/onion; garden of ~s léactún m kitchen-garden; the ~ mercury cedelc f

 

herd kept by the lord on his lands [] inheord f

 

hereditary seat [] yrfestól2m home

 

herein [] adv hérinne

 

heritage [] ierfe n property, yrfeweardnes f

 

hermit [] ánbúend m anchorite, áncorsetla m, ánsetla m anchorite

 

hermitage [] áncorsetl n, ánsetl n

 

hero [] æðeling2m man, guma2m man, ceorl2m noble man, hæle2m man

 

herring [] grindle f

 

hesitate [] wv/t1b ieldan1 delay, wv/t2 latian1linger

 

hesitation [] þreodung f scruple

 

hidden [] find ~ wv/t2 ábeþecian detect

 

hide (area of land about ¼ of a hide) [] gierd landes f

 

hide [] wv/t2 ætlútian lurk

 

hiding-place [] indíegelnes f, nearu f?, n? prison

 

high [] on ~ adv on lyfte

 

high seat [] yppe f raised place

 

higher [] adj yferra (cmp of ufan) after

 

highest [] adj yfemest (spl of ufan) uppermost

 

highway [] hereweg m

 

hill [] neighboring ~ néahdún f

 

hinder [] wv/t1b ágǽlan retard, wv/t1b lettan1delay

 

hinderer [] lettend m

 

hindrance [] gelatu f, latung f delay, letting f delay

 

hippopotamus [] nicor m walrus

 

hire [] wv/t1b áhýran

 

hiring [] gehýrung f

 

hiss [] wv/i2 áwistlian

 

history [] lár f story, istoria m?

 

hive [] taxable ~ of bees gafolheord f

 

hoard [] wv/t2 hordian; wv/t2 goldhordian collect treasure

 

hoary [] adj gamol2old

 

hold [] 1. wv/t3 habban own; sv/t4 niman1grasp; sv/t3 ymbwindan clasp around; wv/t1b geæfnansustain; wv/t3 gehabban restrain; ~ back wv/t1b ágǽlan hinder; 2. adj that can contain or ~ much numol spacious

 

holding much [] adj numol quick at learning

 

hole [] pytt m [L puteus] pit

 

holily [] adv háliglíce

 

hollow in the liver [] liferhol n

 

holy [] 1. adj gástlic spiritual, gásthálig2; 2. ~ly adv gástlíce

 

Holy Ghost [] gást m

 

holy in the spirit [] adj gásthálig2

 

holy month [] Háligmónað m September

 

Holy Spirit (special gift of the Holy Spirit (e.g., the gift of tongues)) [] gástgifu f

 

Holy Thursday (the week of ~) [] Gangwuce f Rogation week

 

home [] 1. cýðð f, cýððu f native land; yrfestól2m hereditary seat; ~ of care carseld n; 2. ~less adjhámléas; 3. at ~ adv innanbordes

 

homewards [] adv hámweardes

 

homily [] lárspell n treatise

 

honest [] 1. adj árfæst virtuous; ánfald, ánfeald, ánfealdlic sincere; 2. adv ~ly ánfaldlíce, ánfealdlíce

 

honeycomb [] camb m

 

honor [] 1. ár f dignity, árfæstnes f virtue, árweorðung f, gleng m, f splendor, indryhtu2f glory; 2. wv/t2 árian1respect; wv/t1b gebréman celebrate; wv/t1a clyppan1prize; ~ with a funeral feast wv/t1b yrfan; 3. ~able adj árweorðful; clǽne true

 

honorable [] adj þéawfæst virtuous

 

honoring [] zealous ~ néodweorðung f

 

hood [] cæppe f [L] cope, cufel f cowl

 

hook [] angel m fish-hook

 

hope for [] wv/t2 áhopian tó w.d.

 

horn for pepper [] piporhorn m

horned [] adj hornbǽre

horrible [] 1. adj láðlic repulsive; 2. ~ly adv láðlíce

 

horror [] anda m fear

 

horse [] 1. hors n, hengest m, hengst m stallion; wave-~ ýðhengest m ship; 2. provide ~s for team work (as service for a lord) wv/t1a aferian

 

hospitable [] adj gæstliðende

 

hospital [] lǽcehús n hostelry

 

hospitality [] giestning f lodging, luffeorm f

 

host [] campweorod n army, getrum2n army, gefylce n army; picked ~ cyst f, m

 

hostelry [] lǽcehús n hospital

 

hostile [] adj andsǽte, gram fierce, gramhycgende, heteþoncol, láð1hateful, láðwende2hateful, níðgrim2fierce; ~-minded láðwendemód

 

hostile fetter [] inwitwrásn2f

 

hostile intent [] inwitþanc2m evil thought

 

hostility [] láðwendnes f, níðhete2m evil intent; cunning ~ inwitníð2m

hot (make ~) [] wv/t1b geglédan kindle

hour [] first ~; 6 AM prím n? [L prima] prime; ninth ~ nóntíd f, nóntíma m; the ninth ~ (3 PM)) nón f, n

 

house [] ærn n dwelling, inn; brawl in a ~ insócn f; chapter~ capitelhús n; goat-~ gátahús n; prison ~ nirwð f; ~ in a city ceasterhof n; ~ of prayer gebédhús n oratory

 

household [] hámwerod n, híwen n, inhíred m family; ~ goods ingesteald n, innefeoh n; members of a ~ or community inhíwan noun pl, inhígan noun pl; ~ stuff inéddisc n furniture, innierfe n furniture, ýddisc n?furniture

 

how [] adv hú gerádes

 

how soon? [] adv hwonne ǽr? when

 

however [] 1. adv lóc hú, lóca hú, swá þéana; 2. conj ac nevertheless

 

howl [] wv/t2 þoterian wail

 

howling [] þoterung f wailing

 

human being [] gást m man; ~s léodweras2m pl men

 

humiliation [] niðerung1f abasement

 

humor (internal ~) [] inwǽte f

 

hundred [] 1. (number) hundred n, hundrað n; (political district) hundred n, hundrað n; ~-court hundred n, hundrað n

 

hunting [] huntoð m, huntnoð m, huntnold m, huntnað m

 

hurricane [] ýst f tempest

 

hurry [] wv/i2 cleacian

 

hurt [] 1. áwierdnes f harm; 2. sv/t3 ábelgan distress, wv/t1a áderian, wv/t2 yfelian1 injure; 3. ~ful adj pléolic dangerous; 4. ~fully adv yfle (cmp wiers/wyrs, spl wierrest/wyrrest/wyrst) miserably

 

husband [] ceorl m, gemæcca1m, f wife

hut [] cýte f cottage

hyena [] nihtgenge f night-prowler

 

hymn [] lof n song of praise, ymen m sacred song, ymensang m; offertory ~ lácsang m

 

hymn book [] ymenbóc f , ymnere m


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