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Modern English - Old English (Anglo Saxon) Dictionary O-P


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O

O Lord! [] interj lá léof
 

O sir! [] interj lá léof 
 

o, o [] interj hig, hig

 

oak [] ác f; ~-bark ácrind f; ~-grove ácbearo m; ~-rind ácrind t, ~sapling? æcernspranca m; ~-tholem; ~-tree ácbéam m; wood of ~sǽcen ?

 

oaken [] adj ǽcen

 

oar [] 1. ár f; 2. for each ~ adv æt hán

 

oarsman [] for each ~ adv æt hán

 

oath [] 1. áðstæf m; ~ of purgation andsæc m denial; confirmers/confirmation of an ~ áðfultum m; 2. take an ~ wv/t2 gehálsian swear

 

oats [] áte f; wild ~ áte f tares

 

object (pointed ~) [] píl m spike

 

obligation [] lást1n duty, néadignes f

 

oblong [] adj langwyrpe

 

obscure [] 1. adj neowol deep down; 2. sv/t1 nípan2grow dark; wv/t2 ádimmian darken; grow ~ sv/t1 nípan2 grow dark

 

observance [] lást1n accomplishment

 

observe [] 1. interj lóc/lóca nu; 2. irreg v/t gegán practice

 

observed, to be [] 1. adj ymbhýdig needing attention; 2. adv ymbhýdiglíce

 

obstinacy [] heardmódnes f

 

obstinate [] 1. adj heardmód; 2. ~ly adv áwillíce

 

obtain [] sv/t4 niman1 get, wv/t1b geféran attain, wv/t3 habban get; sv/t5 ábiddan get by asking, wv/t2 ǽrendian1seek for; ~ with greed wv/t2 gegítsian; try to ~ wv/t2 fácian get

occasion [] 1. inca m, cierr m turn, gehýðnes f opportunity/chance; 2. on every ~ adv gehwǽr always

occasional [] adj gelumpenlic

 

occult art [] galdorcræft m incantation

 

occupation [] ábisgung f; ~ of land landseten f

 

occupied land [] landseten f estate

 

occupier of land [] landseðla m

 

occupy [] sv/t4 niman1, wv/t2 ábisgian busy; irreg v/t gegán overrun; ~ oneself wv/t1b plegan busy oneself

 

occupying land [] adj landsittende

 

occur (to one’s mind) [] sv/i3 geiernan

 

occurrence [] gelimp n

 

ocean [] fífelstréam m, fífelwǽg m sea, gársecg m sea, lagu m sea, laguflód m sea; ~ of waves ýðmere m; lagustréam2 m sea lagufæsten2 n sea

 

odious [] adj andsǽte repugnant

 

offence [] ǽbylgnes f anger; æfðanc m, æfðanca m insult; leahtor m sin, ǽgylt m sin; ǽwisc n disgrace [Goth aiwisks]; andspurnes f; an ~ ǽbylgð f, ǽbylgðu f anger

 

offend [] sv/t3 ábelgan make angry, wv/t1a grillan provoke, wv/t1b ábǽligan make angry, wv/t1b ǽbylgan1exasperate; wv/t2 geincfullian scandalize

 

offender [] fine for not detaining an ~ hengwíte n

 

offending [] adj gyltig guilty

 

offer [] sv/t2 ábéodan present

 

offering [] lác n, f sacrifice; ~ of a fast lácfæsten n; ~ to an idol ídelgildoffrung f

 

offertory hymn [] lácsang m

 

office [] 1. notu f discharge of duty; nytt f duty; ~ of a priest hádnotu f; ~ or jurisdiction of an abbot (used even of a convent of nuns) abbodríce n abbey; papal ~ pápanhád m, pápdóm m; 2. discharge an ~ wv/t2 notian1

 

officer [] prafost m provost (of a monastery [L propostus, propositus])

 

official declarer of the law [] lahmann m

often [] adv neahhe1, neahhie1, neahhige1frequently

oh! [] interj ǽ, lá ah!

 

old [] 1. adj gamol2ancient, gamolferhð aged; 2.adv of ~ géogéara, géogéare one day ~ ánnihte; 3. grow ~ wv/i2 gamolian

 

old age [] æfteryld2f, æfteryldo2advanced age

 

Old Testament (the ~) [] ǽgesetnes f law-giving

 

older [] adj ieldra

 

omnipotence [] ælmihtignes f

 

on [] 1. prep w.a. ábútan around about, prep w.d., rarely a. æt (local) upon, prep w.d. or a. (local) in upon; prep w.d., rarely a. æt (temporal) in; ~ the outside prep w.a. ábútan around

 

once [] adv ǽne at some time, ǽnes, æt sumum cierre at some time; at ~ ǽne, ǽdre instantly

 

one [] 1. num án; 2. speaking as ~ adv ánsprǽce; ~ day old ánnihte; 3. the ~…the other pron, noun ǽlc…óðrum; 4. ~ of a pair gemæcca m, f companion

 

oneness [] ánnes f unity

 

onion [] cípe f [L cepa], léac n garlic, ynneléacn

 

only [] 1. adj áncyn, ánga2sole; ánlic unique; 2. adv ánlíepig, ánlípig, ánlípe, ánlípie alone; not ~ ná þæt án; 3. conj nemne save; 4. prep w.d.? nemne

 

onrush [] inswógennes f

 

onset [] anginn n attack

 

open [] 1. adj ǽbǽre public, géap spacious, yppe evident, clǽne clear; 2. wv/t1a yppan1 display, wv/t2 gánian gape

 

open space [] plæce f [L platea] street

 

opening [] geat n door

 

openness [] ǽwiscnes f

 

opponent [] gehata m enemy

opportunity [] gehæplicnes f convenience

opposing [] adj geanul opposite

 

opposite [] adj geanul opposing

 

oppression [] nearones f, níð m affliction

 

oppressive [] 1. adj nearu causing hardship, nearolic straitened; 2. ~ly adv nearolíce, nearwe forcibly

 

option [] cost m choice

 

or [] conj and

 

orb [] ymbhwyrft m globe

 

orbit [] ymbhwyrft m circle

 

orchard [] æppelbearu m; apple-~ apuldortún m; pear-~ pirgráf m

 

ordain [] wv/t1a ástellan institute, wv/t2 lagian1; wv/t2 hádian1 consecrate

 

ordeal [] ~ by iron ísenordál n; ~ of red-hot iron ísen n

 

order [] 1. léodgeþincð f rank; ~ of provost prafostfolgoð m rank of provost; ~ which one must obey néadhǽs f; 2. sv/t2 ábéodan command, sv/t7 ábannan command; ~ out sv/t7 ábannan út call forth

 

ordinance [] lagu f rule

 

ordination [] hádung f consecration; ~ day hádungdæg m

 

ore [] ár n brass; gold ~ goldóra m

 

origin [] æðeluf, n descent; héafod n source

 

originate [] wv/t2 áwrídian spring from

 

ornament (

 

ornament [] gearwe2f (usu pl) equipment; gleng m, f splendor; ~s geatwe f pl trappings, ~? cyrten ?; hair-~ cæfing f

 

ornamented with gold [] adj goldhroden2

 

orphans [] m, f pl ástýpte

 

orthodox (Christian) [] 1. adj léafful1believing; 2. adv ~ly léaffullíce

 

osprey [] herefong m

 

other [] each ~ pron? ǽghwilc óðer; the one…the ~ pron, noun ǽlc…óðrum

 

otter-skin [] made of ~ adj yteren

 

ought not [] verb form náhte; past of nágan

 

ounce [] yndse f

 

outing [] ýting f journey

 

outlaw [] butan ǽ f, níðing m wretch

 

outside [] 1. prep w.a. ymbútan beyond; on the ~ prep w.a. ábútan around; 2. adv ymbútan

 

oven [] cylen f [L culina] kiln

 

overburdened with pride [] adj prútswongor

 

overcome [] sv/t3 áwinnan endure; wv/t1b ástyntan stop

 

over-confident [] adj heardmód bold

 

overflow [ ] sv/t7geflówan

 

overflowing [] fill to ~ wv/t1b indrencan

 

overpower with sound [] wv/t1b ádýfan

 

overrun [] irreg v/t gegán occupy

 

overthrow [] sv/t7gefeallan

 

overturn [] wv/t1a ymbcyrran change; wv/t2 ymbstyrian stir about

 

owe [] not to ~ irreg v/t nágan not be bound

 

owing to [] prep w.a. ymbe concerning

 

own [] 1. adj geágnod; 2. wv/t3 habban possess; not to ~ irreg v/t nágan not have

 

owner [] ágnere m

 

ownership [] æht f (usu pl) control, ár f

 

owning land [] adj landágende

 

oxen (what a yoke of ~ could plough in a day) [] plóg m, plóh m

  

 

P

  

p [] peorð m name of the rune

 

pain [] 1. angnes f anxiety; láð n harm; pín f [L poena] anguish, níed f distress; pínnes f torture; sharp ~? gár2m piercing cold; ~s of hell gástcwalu f torment, gástgewinn n; ~ in the liver liferwærc m; internal ~ inwærc m, inwræc m; internal stitching ~ instice m; 2. suffer ~ sv/i6 acan ache

 

painstaking [] 1. adj carful attentive; 2. adv ~ly carfullíce

 

pair [] one of a ~ gemæcca m, f companion; ~ of scales pundern n

 

palace [] 1. cynebotl n, palendse f, palentse f, palente f, pallente f [Late L palantium]; 2. of a ~ adj palentlic

 

palatial [] adj heallic, palentlic

 

pale [] 1. adj ǽblǽce pallid; 2. be or look ~ wv/i2 áblácian grow pale; grow ~ wv/i2 áblácian be or look pale, wv/t1b áblycgan

 

pall [] pæll m [L pallium] covering

 

pallid [] adj ǽblǽce pale, ǽhíwe

pallor [] áblǽcnes f gloom, áblǽcung f, ǽhíw n, ǽhíwnes f

Palm Sunday [] palmdæg m, palmsunnandæg m

 

palm-branch [] palm m, palma m, palmtwig n

 

palm-grove [] palmbearu m

 

palm-tree [] palm m, palma m, palmtréo m

 

palm-twig [] palmtwig n

 

palpitate [] wv/t1b clæppettan, wv/t1b cloccettan

 

palsy [] lyftádl f paralysis

 

pan [] gréofa m [Ger griebe] pot, panne f; fire-~ cielle f [OHG kella] lamp; frying-~ ísenpanna m, ísenpanne f

 

panther [] palðer m, pandher m

 

papacy [] pápseld n, pápsetl n

 

papal office [] pápanhád m, pápdóm m

 

paper [] ~ for writing on carte f [L charta]; sheet of ~ léaf n

 

papyrus [] paper m?

 

parable [] gelícnes f

 

Paradise [] 1. neorxnawang m; 2. of ~ adj neorxnawanglic

 

Paradise [] paradís m

 

paralysis [] léfung f, paralisin ds of noun; lyftádl f palsy

 

paralytic [] 1. lama m crippled person; 2. adj limséoc2lame; wk adj lama lame

 

parasceve [] gearwung1f, gearwungdæg m

 

parasite [] glíwere m buffoon

 

parasite [] píe f

 

parched corn [] polente? f [L]

 

pardon [] wv/t2 árian1spare

 

parent [] cennend m, ácennend m; ~s ieldra pl noun ancestors

 

parish [] préostscýr f

 

parsley [] petersilie f [Ger petersilie]

 

part [] 1. inward ~ incundnes f recess, piða m pith; lower ~ niðerdǽl m; northern ~ norðdǽl m north quarter; ~ of a loom pihten m [L pecten]; ~ of the gospel containing the account of Christ’s passion passion f; 2. adj ninth ~ nigoða; 3. from all ~s adv ǽghwanan everywhere

 

partake of [] sv/t1 ábítan taste

 

participle [] se nimenda dǽl m

 

parts [] inward ~ inweard noun

 

pass [] 1. nirewett n narrow place; 2. wv/t1b lǽdan lead (life); ~ along wv/t1a pæððan  traverse; ~ through wv/t2 gefǽlsian

 

passage [] gang m course

 

passing [] adj lǽnelic transitory

 

passion (part of the gospel containing the account of Christ’s ~) [] passion f

 

passionate [] adj grambǽre, iersigendlic emotional

 

password [] geléafnesword n

 

pastime [] gamenn amusement, gamenungf jesting

 

pastoral [] adj hierdelic

 

pasturage [] æfsweorc m; ~ in return for ploughing-labor gærsyrð f; ~-swine gærsswýn n

 

pasture-land by a pool [] pólbǽr f

 

pat [] wv/t2 þaccian1 stroke

 

patch [] cláðflyhte m, clút m cloth

path [] 1. pæð m track, gang m course; 2. in the ~ adj geanul in the way

patience [] langsumnes f

 

patiently [] adv langmódlíce, langsumlíce

 

patriarch [] léodfruma2m chief

 

pay [] wv/t1b lǽstan1 grant

 

payment [] ~ in corn corngesceot n; ~ for providing lights in church léohtgesceot n, léohtgescot n; further ~ æftergyld n

 

pea [] pise f; sort of ~ pysecynn n

 

peace [] 1. liss f joy [formerly líðs]; breach of the ~ ǽhlýp m assault; 2. make ~ sv/t4 frið niman1

 

peach [] persic m, persoc m, persuc m [L persicum]; ~-tree persoctréow n

 

peacock [] páwa m, páwe f

 

peafowl [] péa m

 

peahen [] páwa m, páwe f

 

pear [] peru f [L pirum]; ~-juice perewós n perry; ~-orchard pirgráf m; ~ -tree pirie f, pirige f

 

peasant [] gebúr m, búr1m farmer, landbegenga m husbandman

 

pebble [] cropp m, croppa m, papolstán m [L papula]

 

peel [] wv/t2 pilian skin

 

peg [] nægl m nail, pinn m? pin

 

pelican [] pelican m

 

pelisse [] pylece f robe

 

pellet [] posl m pill, postling m

pen (writing instrument) [] pinn m?

pen [] penn m [L] fold

 

penetrate [] sv/t3 inbestingan

 

penis [] lim n member, pintel m

 

penny [] pening m coin; tribute-~ gafolpenig m

 

pennyroyal [] pollegie f [L pulegium]

pennyworth [] peningweorð n

Pentecost [] pentecosten m

 

peony [] peonie f [L]

 

people [] 1. léode f pl men, country, æðelingas m pl men, gumþéod f folk; léodscipe m nation; Latin ~ lǽdenware m pl Romans; old ~ ieldu f old age; young ~ geoguð f; 2. belonging to the ~ generally adj ceorllic common

 

pepper [] pipor m [L piper]; ~ mill piporcwyrn f; ~-corn piporcorn n

 

perceptible [] adj gefrédendlic

 

perception [] andgiet n, andgiete f knowledge; gefrédnes f feeling

 

perennially bright [] adj géartorht

 

perfect [] 1. adj æltǽwe entire; [Goth téwa]; 2. ~ly adv æltǽwelíce

 

perform [] wv/t1b æfnan1 fulfill; wv/t1b cýðan1exercise; wv/t1b lǽstan1do; ~ a miracle wv/t1b wundor cýðan1

 

peril [] pliht m danger

 

perilous [] adj plihtlic dangerous

 

period [] clýsung f conclusion of a sentence, clause; ieldu f time

 

periodical fast (at Ember tide) [] Ymbrenfæsten n

 

perish [] 1. wv/t2 losian1fail; 2. ready to ~ adj losigendlic

 

perishable [] adj lǽne frail

 

periwinkle (plant) [] perwince f

 

perjured [] adj gelygnod

 

perjurer [] áðloga m

 

permissible [] adj gelíefedlic

 

permission [] léaf1f permission, þafung1f consent, léafe1f leave, léafnes f leave

 

pernicious [] adj gecwylmful

 

perpetually [] adv ǽfre constantly

 

perry [] perewós n pear-juice

 

persecute [] wv/t1b ǽhtan

 

persecutor [] láðgeníðla2m foe, níðsceaða m foe

 

perseverance [] ástandennes f

persistence [] inwunenes f

person [] 1. godlike ~ God m; licentious ~ gálsere m; member of a brotherhood of related ~s gilda1m; ~ of no account ierming m poor wretch; sick ~ ádliga m; slow ~ lata m; unimportant ~ lýtling m; 2. ~ally adv líchamlíce bodily

 

persuade [] wv/t1a cierran1 convert; wv/t1b gelǽran advise, wv/t1b lǽran1urge

 

persuading to evil [] adj yfellǽrende, yfelonbecweðende

 

pertaining to work [] adj geweorclic

 

pervade [] sv/t6 geondfaran traverse

 

perverse [] adj afulic, ierre depraved

petition [] giwung f

petty [] adj nearu constricted

 

phalanx [] hereþrym m

 

Pharisee [] ǽláréow m teacher of the law

 

philosopher [] philosoph m [L]

 

physical [] 1. adj líchamlic bodily; 2. ~ strength cræft m might

 

physician [] lácnystre f, lǽce m doctor

 

pick [] 1. píc m pointed tool; 2. wv/t1b pýcan; sv/t5 lesan select; ~ out wv/t2 puslian, wv/t2 áhaccian

 

pickaxe [] píc m pointed tool

 

piece [] 1. læppa m section; neighboring ~ of water néahwæter n; ~ of cheese cýssticce n; ~ of ground léah m meadow; ~ of ice ís n pl; ~ of metal clút m plate; ~ of money yndse f shekel; 2. break to ~s sv/t7 ábéatan strike

 

pierce [] sv/t5 áwrecan strike; wv/i2 prician1

 

piercer [] æl m awl

 

piercing cold? [] gár2m tempest

 

Pierian [] adj pierisc

 

piety [] ǽwfæstnes f religion; árfæstnes f goodness

pill [] posl m pellet, postling m

pillow [] pyle m [L pulvinum], héafodbolster n, pylewer?

 

pimpernel [] pipeneale f

 

pimple [] nebcorn n; corn-like ~ corn n corn

 

pin [] pinn m? peg; préon m brooch

 

pine [] 1. cén2m pine-torch [Ger kien]; ~-torch cén2m pine [Ger kien]; ~-tree pínbéam m, píntréow n; 2. of or belonging to a ~-tree adj píntréowen, píntrýwen

 

pinfold [] pundfald m pound

 

pint [] pund n [L pondo]

 

pious [] 1. adj árfæstlic, ǽfremmende, ǽwfæst religious, ǽfyllende fulfilling the law, gelíefed faithful; árfæst honest; 2. ~ly adv árfæstlíce

 

pip [] cyrnel m, n seed

 

pipe [] 1. pípe f [L] tube; 2. wv/t2 pípian (blow an instrument)

 

piper [] pípere m

 

piping [] pípdréam m

 

pirate [] lidmann2m seafarer

 

pit [] pytt m [L puteus] hole; charcoal ~ colpytt m

pitch [] 1. pic n [L picem]; 2. adj ~y picen, of ~ picen

pitcher [] céac m jug, cróg m crock, crúce f pot

 

pith [] piða m inward part

 

pitted (of a sword) [] adj pytted

 

pity [] ár f mercy, árfæstnes f mercy

 

place [] 1. ~ for shade léafsele m booth; ~ of torment níðloca m; filthy ~ ádela m dirt; hiding-~ indíegelnes f, nearu f?, n? prison; narrow ~ nirewett n pass; raised ~ yppe f tribune; ~ near néahstów f neighborhood; ~ of battle æscsteall? m, æscstede m; ~ of tribute or custom gafolmanung f; ~ where the life is according to rule líf m; 2. wv/t1b lǽdan lay

 

placed in [] adj ingeseted inserted

 

placed near [] prep? w.d. néahgangol

 

plain [] adj andgete manifest [andgiete]

 

plain ? [] camp m, n [L campus] field

 

plan [] andgiet n, andgiete f purpose

 

plant [] 1. plante f [L planta] shoot, plantung f, gærswyrt f grass; coltetræppe f caltrop; a kind of ~ ífe? ?; 2. wv/t2 plantian1 [L], wv/t2 áplantian, wv/t1a ymbsettan

 

planting [] plantung f

 

plaster (as medicament) [] plaster n [L emplastrum]

 

plate [] clút m piece of metal; metal ~ læfer f, platung f

 

platform [] gangas m pl stage, yppe f stage

 

play [] 1. lác n, f sport, plega m drama; 2. wv/t1b plegan sport with, wv/t2 gamenian pun; ~ an instrument wv/t1b plegan; ~ (instrument) sv/t7 lácan; ~ upon sv/t7 lácan delude; ~ with wv/t1b plicettan? [delete]

 

player [] plegere m

 

playful [] adj plegol jocular

 

playground [] plegstede m, plegstów f gymnasium

 

playhouse [] pleghús n theater

 

playing [] adj plegende

 

play-shield [] plegscyld m small shield

 

pleasant  [] adj íeðe good-natured, gód [cmp betera, betra, bettra; spl betest, betst] favorable, léoflic lovable, líðe (cmp lýðre, spl lýðrest?) benign; léof1 agreeable; lufsum lovable, luftýmlic; æðele sweet-smelling; 2. ~ly adv léoflíce lovably

 

please [] wv/t2 áblissian make glad; impersonal wv/i2 gehagian suit; gif him (hine) tó þǽm gehagige if he can afford it

 

pleasing [] 1. adj lícwyrðe1acceptable; 2. ~ly adv lícwyrðlíce

 

pleasure [] íeðnes f ease, lícung1f; néod f delight

 

plectrum [] nægl m

 

pledge [] anwedd n security

 

plied with drink [] adj indruncen

 

plight [] pliht m damage

 

plot [] wv/t1b ymbsierwan, ymbsirwan design

 

plot of ground [] plot m?

 

plough land [] plóg m, plóh m

 

ploughing [] yrð f tilling; ~ , etc. done by a gebúr as part of his rent gafolyrð f ; first ~ (after land has lain fallow) landbrǽce m

 

ploughland [] plógesland n; strip of ~ æcer m a certain quantity of land

 

ploughman [] æcerceorl m rustic, yrðling m farmer

 

pluck [] wv/t1a plyccan snatch [only in 2nd sg subj plice; imper plyce], wv/t2 pluccian tear; ~ with desire wv/t1a plyccan [only in 2nd sg subj plice; imper plyce]; ~ (flowers, etc) wv/t2 gadrian1; ~ off sv/t2 áhnéapan; ~ off (wool) wv/t2 pullian; ~ out sv/i2 lúcan pull up; ~ up sv/t4 niman1 seize

 

plum [] plúme f, plúmblǽd f, plýme f [L *prunea] plum-tree; ~ juice plúmséaw n; ~-tree plúme f, plúmtréow n, plýme f [L *prunea] plum

 

plumber [] léadgota m

 

plumb-line [] pundern n, pundur n [L pondere] weight

 

plunder [] 1. fang m booty; 2. wv/t1a áryddan, wv/t1b áryddran, wv/t1b árydtran strip

 

plunderer [] hergiend m

 

pock [] pocc m blister

 

pocket [] pohha m, poha m, pohcha m

 

poem [] léoð n lay

 

poet [] léoðwyrhta m

 

poetry [] léoðweorc n

 

point [] 1. prica m, price f dot, pricel m, pricels m goad; gád n goad; palstr noun, palster noun prick, píc m pick, pynca m; ~ of land gára m cape; ~ed object píl m spike; ~ed strip of land gáræcer m; 2. ~ by point adv  pricmǽlum; 3. ~ out wv/t2 geprician, sv/t7 ingefeallan indicate, wv/t1b íewan1 disclose

 

pointed stick [] preg m

 

pointed tool [] píc m pickaxe

 

poison [] átorcyn n, lybb n drug

 

poisoned [] adj ǽtren poisonous

 

poisonous [] adj átorbǽre, ǽtren poisoned, ǽtrig

 

poke [] wv/t2 pucian creep [deleted]

 

pole [] lorg f, m, lorh f, m distaff, pál m [L palus] stake

 

polish [] wv/t1b ábýwan rub off

 

polished [] 1. adj getyngelic, getynglic elegant; 2. adv ~ly getyngelíce, getynglíce

 

pomegranates [] cornappla n pl

 

pomp [] 1. ánmédla m glory; prass m tumult, prýt f, prýte f haughtiness; 2. ~ously adv prútlíce proudly

 

pond [] lacu f pool

 

pool []pól m, pull m, f [Keltic] creek, lacu f pond

 

poor [] 1. adj lǽne frail; næftig, náht bad; héanspedig, yfelic, yfellic mean; 2. ~ly adv yfelíce, yfellíce

 

pope [] pápa m [L papa]

poppy [] popig m?

popular usage [] léodþéaw m

 

popularly [] adv ceorllíce vulgarly

 

population [] landwaru f inhabitants

 

porch [] portic m, n portico

 

porcupine [] íl m hedgehog

 

pore [] lícþéote f

 

port [] port m [L portus] harbor

 

portable tent [] ganggeteld n

 

portal [] port m [L porta] door

 

portent [] níðwundor n dire wonder

 

porter [] geatweard m  gatekeeper; a kind of ~ canceler m [Low L cancellarium] door-keeper

 

portico [] portic m, n porch

 

portion [] læppa m section; small ~ of space or time prica m, price f

 

port-reeve [] portgeréfa m mayor

 

possess [] wv/t2 ierfian inherit, wv/t3 habban own

 

possession [] ǽhtgesteald n, geweald n power; inhýrnes f; earthly ~s landwela m

 

possessions [] æht f (usu pl) goods, ǽhtgestréon n, ýddisc n? household stuff, ár f landed property

 

possessive [] adj ágniendlic1 genitive (case)

 

possibility [] ácendlicnes f; cost m option

 

possible [] adj ácumendlic

 

post [] pál m [L palus] pole, post m [L postis]

 

posterity [] æftercnéoreso f, æfterweardnes f, æftergengnes f; praise from ~ æftercweðendra lof n

 

pot [] crocc f, crocca m crock; crúce f pitcher; gréofa m [Ger griebe] pan, pott m

 

potter [] crocwyrhta m; lámwyrhta m, pottere m

 

poultice [] cliða m

 

pound [] 1. pund n [L pondo] (in weight or money); one who ~s in a mortar pílere m; pundfald m pinfold; 2. wv/t2 púnian1 beat; ~ in mortar wv/t2 pílian1

 

pound weight [] 1. pundwǽg f measure (of corn); 2. adj of a ~ pundmǽte

 

pounder [] púnere m pestle; ~ in a mortar pílere m

 

pour in [] sv/t2 ingéotan fill, wv/t1binræcen throw in

 

pour water on [] wv/t2 lafian1 wash

 

pouring [] in-~ ingéoting f; ~ in ingyte m infusion

 

poverty [] iermð f, iermðu f misery; næft f want

 

powder [] face-~ nebsealf f

 

power [] 1. ǽhtgeweald2n, m control; geweald n might; ~ of vision léoht n; 2. ~fully  adv gewealdendlíce

 

powerful [] 1. adj céne all-~ ælcræftig almighty; 2. adv céne

 

pox [] pocádl f eruptive disease

 

practice [] wv/t1b cýðan1 exercise, irreg v/t gegán exercise; wv/t2 lufian1delight in; ~ incantation sv/t6 galan1 sing charms

 

practicing in the spirit [] adj gástbrúcende

 

praise [] 1. herenes1f, herung f, lofmægen n; lof n glory; song of ~ lof n hymn; ~ from posterity æftercweðendra lof n; zealous ~ néodlof n; 2. wv/t2 ymblofian, irreg wv/t1b loflǽcan, wv/t1a áherian

 

praiseworthy [] adj lícwyrðe1 estimable, lofsum

 

pray [] 1. preg m; 2. sv/t5 ábiddan ask for; ~ for sv/t5 ábiddan ask for; ~ to sv/t5 ábiddan request

 

prayer (evening ~) [] ǽfenlác n

 

preach [] wv/t1b gelǽran urge; wv/t2 prédician, wv/t1b lǽran1 persuade

 

preacher [] ǽboda m messenger; láréow m, lárow, láruw, láruwa m teacher, prédicere m

 

preaching [] lár f lore, prédicung f, lárbodung f teaching

 

precept [] lár f advice; lárcwide2m teaching

 

precious [] 1. adj léoflic valued, coren1 dear, léoffæst dear; 2. ~ly adv léoflíce

 

precipitate [] wv/t2 geglendrian

 

precipitous [] adj neowol

 

preeminence [] æðeluf, n

 

prematurely [] adv ǽrost early

 

premeditated [] adj ǽrbeþoht

 

preoccupy [] wv/t1b ágǽlan detain

 

preparation [] gearcung f, gegearwungnes f, gearwung1f; day of ~ gearwung1f day before the Sabbath

 

prepare [] sv/t7 árǽdan appoint; wv/t2 gearwian1 equip

 

prepared [] adj gearu ready; árǽd determined

 

presbyter [] préost m priest

 

prescription [] book of ~s lǽcebóc f

 

presence [] néawest f, m, néawist f, m nearness

 

present [] 1. lác n, f gift; 2. be ~ irreg v/i ætbéon, sv/i6 instandan; sv/t2 ábéodan declare

 

present [] irreg wv/t1b inbrengan, inbringan bring in

 

preserve [] wv/t1a nerian defend, wv/t2 ásparian ; wv/t3 gehabban restrain

preserver (Christ, God) [] nergend m savior

press (for clothes) [] press f

 

press [] sv/t2 crúdan2 hasten, wv/t1a clæmman, wv/t1b níedan urge; ~ around sv/t3 ymbþringan throng about, wv/t1b ymbhýpan assail; ~ upon wv/t1b nǽtan1subdue

presumption [] ánmédla m arrogance

pretend [] sv/t7 lǽtan1assert, wv/t1b léasettan

 

prevent [] modal v/i + infinitive nyllan refuse

 

previously [] adv ǽr [cmp ǽror; spl ǽrost, ǽrest, ǽrst] before that, on ǽr, ǽr þissum formerly

 

prey [] huntoð m, huntnoð m, huntnold m, huntnað m what is caught by hunting

 

price [] market ~ céapgyld n purchase money

pricking [] pícung f stigmata, pungetung f

prickle [] pricel m, pricels m point

 

pride [] 1. ánmédla m arrogance, gálscipe m, héahmódnes f, prútscipe m arrogance, prútung f arrogance, prýt f, prýte f haughtiness; 2. overburdened with ~ adj prútswongor

 

priest [] préost m presbyter, ciricþingere m, clǽnsere m,, ǽweweard m; community of ~s préostgesamnung f; body of ~s préosthéap m, préosthíred m; office of a ~ hádnotu f

 

priesthood []préosthád m

 

priestly [] adj préostlic canonical

 

priestly garment [] préostréaf n

 

priests’ quarters [] préostlíf n monastery

 

prime [] prím n?[L prima] the first hour 6 AM; service of ~ prímsang m prime-song

 

prime-song [] prímsang m service of prime (6 AM)

 

prince [] æðeling m nobleman, landfruma m ruler, léodfruma2 m patriarch, léodgebyrga2m lord

 

princely state [] æðelinghádm

 

prior [] prior m [L]

 

prison [] carcærn n, carcern n [L carcer] jail, clús f, clúse f [L clausum] cell, clústor n [L claustrum] cell, clústorloc n, hlínræced2n, loc n enclosure, néadcofa m, nýdcleofa2m; nearu f?, n? hiding-place; ~ house nirwð f; ~-cell clústorcleofa m; ~ darkness carcernþystru f

 

prisoner [] gehæftend m, herenuma m

 

private [] adj ánlíepig, ánlípig, ánlípe, ánlípie solitary

 

private woodland [] inwudu m

 

privation [] ástýpednes f, ástýpnes f bereavement

 

privilege [] ár f, léaf1f permission; legal ~ lagu f right

 

privy [] gang m drain, gangpytt m, gangsetl n,gangstól m , gangern n, gangtún m latrine

 

prize [] wv/t1a clyppan1 cherish

 

proceed [] irreg v/i gán1advance, wv/i1a cierran1go

 

process (legal ~) [] gang m

 

proclaim [] sv/t2 ábéodan order, sv/t7 ábannan announce, wv/t2 ábodian announce, wv/t1b ácýðan announce, wv/t1b cýðan1make known; sv/t7 ingefeallan publish

 

proclaimed [] adj inboden

 

proclamations [] gebann n summons

 

procure [] wv/t2 gearwian1 supply

 

produce [] 1. æðeluf, n growth; yrð f crop; 2. sv/t6 alan nourish, wv/t1a cennan1create, wv/t1b lǽdan1bring forth

 

producer [] ícend m [auctor], ícestre f [auctrix] progenitor

 

product [] work or ~ of art cræft m

 

profane [] 1. adj lahbrecende  impious; 2. wv/t1b ágǽlan, wv/t2 áwídlian defile, wv/t2 ídlian1

 

profit [] gafol n interest; nyttung f advantage

 

profitable [] 1. adj nytt, nytlic, nytwierðe, nytwirðe, nytwyrðe, nytwierðlic useful; 2. ~ly adv nytlíce, nytwierðlíce

 

profound [] adj neowollic deep

 

progenitor [] ícend m [auctor], ícestre f [auctrix] producer

 

progeny [] cnéowrím2n family

 

progress [] gang m journey

 

prologue [] prologa m

 

prolong [] wv/t1b íecan1 increase; wv/t1b ieldan1delay

 

promised land [] gehátland n

 

promontory [] gára m point of land

 

promoter [] ícend m [auctor], ícestre f [auctrix] producer

 

prompt [] 1. adj cáf quick; 2. ~ly adv cáfe; cáflíce vigorously

 

prone [] adj neowol prostrate

 

proof [] fandung f test

 

proper [] 1. adj gelíclic, gerádlic fitting; 2. adv ~ly gelíclíce, gerádlíce

 

property [] 1. ágennes f, gód n wealth, ierfe n bequest; landed ~ ár f possessions, land n, landspéd f; 2. adj having landed ~ gelandod

 

prophesy [] sv/t7 árǽdan guess, wv/t2 áwítegian

 

prose [] ánfald/ánfeald gerecednes/sprǽc f, geráde spræc f

 

prosperity [] ár f benefit

 

prostitute [] portcwéne f

 

prostrate [] 1. adj neowol prone; 2. lie ~ sv/i5 licgan1fail

 

protect [] wv/t1a nerian defend, wv/t1b áscildan, wv/t2 ymbtrymian fortify

 

protection [] geweald n, ? lof n help; ner1 n refuge; nerung f guard

 

protector [] léodgebyrga2m lord

 

protracted [] adj langfǽre lasting, langsum lasting

 

protuberance of the liver [] liferbýl m

 

proud [] 1. adj prúd, prút arrogant, gál wicked, capiende haughty; 2. ~ly adv prútlíce pompously; 3. be ~ wv/t2 prútian; make ~ wv/t1b árengan exalt

 

proud array [] prass m

 

prove [] wv/t2 ácostnian test, wv/t1b ácýðan confirm, wv/t2 ácunnian test, wv/t2 áfandian test, wv/i2, wv/t2 w.g. or a. costian1try, wv/t1b cýðan1show

 

proved [] 1. adj áfandigendlic, áfandodlic; 2. adv ~ly áfandodlíce

 

provide horses for team work (as service for a lord) [] wv/t1a aferian

 

provide with a rim [] wv/t2 ymblǽrgian surround

 

province [] land n territory, landscearu f tract of land

 

provisions [] feorhnest n, nest n food

 

provoke [] wv/t1a grillan offend, wv/t1b ábylgan, ábyligan irritate

 

provost (of a monastery) [] prafost m officer [L propostus, propositus]

 

provostship [] prafostscír m

 

prow (look-out man at the ~) [] plihtere m

 

prowess [] herewæsma m

 

proximity [] in closest ~ adv níehst most nearly

 

proxy [] ǽrendraca m substitute

 

prudent [] 1. adj gléawferhð2, gléawhycgende2, gléawhýdig2 wise, gléawlic wise, lytig, þancsnotor2, þancsnottor2wise; 2. ~ly adv gléawlíce

 

puberty [] cnihthád m youth

 

public [] 1. adj ǽbǽre open; 2. declare ~ly sv/t7 ingefeallan proclaim

 

public games [] director of ~ campwísa m

 

public road [] portstrǽt f, portweg m

 

publican [] ǽwiscferinend m, ǽwiscfirina m shameless sinner

 

publish [] sv/t7 ábannan proclaim, sv/t7 ingefeallan announce

puerile [] adj cildisc childish

puff [] 1. ~ of wind pyff m; 2. wv/t1a pyffan blow; ~ up sv/t7 ábláwan swell, sv/t7 ábláwan swell, sv/t7 inbláwan inflate, wv/t1b geblǽdan inflate

 

pull [] wv/t2 ápullian, wv/t1a plyccan pluck [only in 2nd sg subj plice; imper plyce], wv/t2 pullian draw; ~ out sv/t3 ábregdan wrench, wv/t1b áhléfan; ~ up sv/t2 lúcan pluck out

 

pulsation [] clæppetung f pulse

 

pulse [] ǽdre f artery; clæppetung f pulsation

pumice-stone [] pumicstán m

pun [] wv/t2 gamenian joke

 

punish [] sv/t5 áwrecan avenge

 

punishment [] pínung f torment; inevitable ~ néadwíte n; severe ~ níðwracu2f

 

punt [] punt ? [L ponto]

 

pupil [] contraction of the ~ ǽsmæl n? smallness of the eye

 

pur [] purlamb n male lamb

 

purchase money [] céapgyld n market price

 

pure [] 1. adj clǽne innocent; fácenléas; ~ in heart clǽnheort; 2. ~ly adv clǽne entirely

 

purgation [] lád f clearing from blame; oath of ~ andsæc m

 

purgative [] clǽnsungdrenc m

 

purge [] wv/t2 clǽnsian clear out, wv/t2 áfeormian cleanse

 

purging [] áfeormung f cleansing

 

Purification [] the feast of ~ Candelmæsse f Candlemas

 

purify [] sv/t2 áséoðan refine; wv/t1b ábýwan cleanse, wv/t2 áfeormian cleanse, wv/t2 clǽnsian cleanse

 

purifying [] clǽnsung1f cleansing

 

purity [] clǽnnes f (moral) cleanness; clǽnsung1f chastity, andsumnes f, andsundnes f chastity

 

purple [] 1. adj pællen of costly stuff; 2. pæll m [L pallium] purple garment; ~ garment pæll m [L pallium]

 

purple [] 1. adj purpuren; 2. purpure f, purpur f; ~ garment purpure f, purpur f

 

purpose [] 1. andgiet n, andgiete f plan; ingehygd f, ingehýd f, ingehíd f intention; 2. for the ~ of prep w.d.i. æfter (causal) following

 

purse [] gyrdel m, pung m, purs m? [L bursa]

 

pursue [] sv/i3 iernan, wv/t2 æfterfolgian, wv/t1b æfterfylgan succeed

 

pursuer [] lástweard m

 

pursuit [] 1. æfterfylgung f; 2. in ~ of adv on láste/lást; 2. in ~ of prep w.d.i. æfter (object) after

 

purveyor [] feormere m

 

pus [] gund m matter

 

push [] wv/t2 potian goad; ~ down sv/t4 niðeráscúfan

 

pusillanimous [] adj lýtelhýdig, lýtelmód

 

pustule [] pocc m blister, pytt m [L puteus]

 

put [] wv/t1a ástellan set; ~ in sv/t3 crimman1insert, irreg v/t ingedón, wv/t1b insendan send in; ~ in a coffin wv/t2 cystian; ~ one thing to another wv/t2 þaccian1clap; ~ off wv/t1b ieldan1 delay, wv/t2 ieldian delay; ~ out (eyes) wv/t1b pýtan; ~ to sea sv/t7 lǽtan1 út; ~ to shame wv/t2 áréodian; ~ up wv/t2 innian1lodge


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