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Modern English - Old English (Anglo Saxon) Dictionary Q-R


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quake [] wv/i2 ábifian shake

 

quality (noble ~s) [] æðeluf, n talents

 

quarrel [] inca m grievance

 

quarrelsome [] adj níðful envious

 

quarter [] 1. north ~ norðdǽl m northern part; north-east ~ norðéastrodor m; northern ~ norðende m; 2. from every ~ adv gehwanon

 

quartering oneself (of soldiers) [] inn n

 

quarters [] priests’ ~ préostlíf n monastery

 

queen [] cyninge f, ides2f lady

 

question [] inca m suspicion

 

quick [] 1. adj cáf prompt; léoht agile; 2. ~ly adv cáfe

 

quick motion [] plega m exercise

 

quicken [] wv/t1b líffæstan1 endow with life, wv/t2 gelíffæstnian

 

quickened [] adj líffæst1 living

 

quickly [] 1. adj gearwe; 2. adv ǽdre directly; léohtlíce easily; lungre2soon

 

quicksand [] cwecesand m

 

quiet (render ~) [] wv/t2 átemian subdue

 

quince [] godæppel m

  

 

 

race [] hád m tribe, cnéowsibb f generation; native ~ ingefolc n

 

radiance [] léoma1m gleam

 

radiant [] adj léohtlic bright

 

radish [] antre f

 

rage [] 1. grama m anger; fighting ~ gártorn m; 2. wv/t2 iersian1be angry with; wv/i2 grimsian, wv/t1b grymettan, wv/t2 grymettian roar, wv/i1b ýstan storm, wv/t2 ýðgian roar; wv/t2 gristbitian gnash the teeth

 

raging [] adj gramigende

 

raise [] sv/t3 úp ábregdan lift up

 

raised place [] yppe f high seat

 

raising [] árǽrnes f elevation

 

rampart [] castelweall m city wall

 

rank [] grád m, gráde f [L] grade; hád m order, léodgeþincð f order; abbatial ~ abbodhád m dignity; ~ of provost prafostfolgoð m order of provost

 

rapacious?, become [] wv/t2 gehrifnian tear off

 

rape [] nǽp m turnip, níedhǽmed n; ~ seed  nǽpsǽd n

 

rapidly [] cause to move ~ sv/i3 iernan turn; move ~ sv/i3 iernan flow

 

rapine [] nýdnimend m, nýdnimu f forcible seizure, nýdnimung f abduction

 

ravaging [] adj heardhíðende

 

raven [] cráwa m, cráwe f crow, heardnebba m; night-~ nihthræfn m, nihthrefn m, nihthremn m night-jar, nihthróc m

 

raving [] adj ylfig mad

 

ravish [] wv/t1b nýdnǽman force

 

ray (having ~s of light) [] adj geléomod

 

ray of light [] léoma1m beam

 

reach [] wv/t1a átillan touch; wv/t2 fácian get to

 

read [] 1. sv/t7 árǽdan; wv/t2 leornian1 learn; ~ out sv/t7 árǽdan; ~ to (any one) sv/t7 árǽdan; 2. that can be ~ backwards in the same meter adj capiende

 

reader [] leornere m; epistle-~ pistolrǽdere m sub-deacon

 

readily [] adv gearolíce fully

 

reading [] gelise n, leornung f [dat sing leornunga] learning

 

ready [] 1. adj gearu prepared; ~ of speech gearowyrdig; ~ to perish losigendlic; 2. make ~ wv/t2 gearwian1 equip, wv/t1b geatwan equip

 

ready-witted [] adj gearoþoncol

 

realm [] land n territory

 

rear (in the ~) [] 1. adj æfterweard, æftanweard behind, æftwanweard behind; 2. adv æftan behind

 

rearing [] infóster n bringing up

 

reason [] gerád n wisdom

 

rebuke [] 1. cídung f chiding; 2. wv/t2 nebbian confront, wv/t1b nierwan1, wv/t2 nierwian1 chasten

 

recall [] wv/t1b gelǽran2

 

recapture [] wv/t1a áhreddan save

 

recede [] wv/i2 ǽebbian ebb away

 

receive [] 1. irreg wv/t1b læccan1take, sv/t4 niman1get; wv/t1b cépan await; 2. one about to ~ æfteronfóndm

 

receiving [] nǽm f taking

 

recent [] adj níwe new

 

recently [] adv níwlíce lately; very ~ nú

 

receptacle [] andfengstów f

 

reception [] áfangennes f assumption

 

receptive [] adj nǽmel

 

recess [] incundnes f inward part

 

recite [] sv/t5 áwrecan relate

 

reckon up [] irreg wv/t1b átellan count

 

reckon with [] wv/t2 gerádian arrange

 

reckoning [] gerád n account

 

recluse [] life of a ~ inbetýnednes f

 

recognized [] adj lícwyrðe1 accepted

 

recollection [] ingemynd2f, n memory

 

recompense [] 1. æfterléan n reward; 2. wv/t2 léanian1reward

 

record [] cranic m [L] chronicle

 

recover [] wv/i2 ácofrian; ~ (from illness) wvt/1b áwyrpan

 

red [] stain ~ wv/t2gebaswian

 

redden [] wv/t2 áréodian blush

 

redeem [] wv/t1b líesan1 liberate

 

redemption [] gelíesnes f; ~ of land landhredding f

 

redness of confusion [] the ~ áblysgung f, áblysung f blushing

 

reduce [] wv/t1a cierran1 make to submit, wv/t1b ábégan subdue, wv/t1b ábýgan subdue; ~ to servitude wv/t2 nýdþéowian exact service from

 

reed [] læfer f iris; púlspern, cannon noun pl[L canna]

 

refine [] sv/t2 áséoðan purify

 

reflect [] wv/t2 pinsian [L pensare] consider, wv/t2 ymbþeahtian consider; ~ upon sv/t5 ymbsittan sit over

 

reflection [] gehygd f, n forethought, ymbeþanc m,ymbeþonc m, ymbeþanca m thought

 

refrain from [] sv/t7 lǽtan1 from

 

refuge [] 1. feorhgebeorh n, generstede m sanctuary, ner1n protection; 2. modal v/i + infinitive nyllan prevent, wv/t1a niccan say ‘no’

 

refusal [] andsæc m

 

refuse [] æsceda f pl

 

regard [] 1. anléc m respect, ymbséon f beholding; 2. in ~ to prep w.a. ymbe about; 3. wv/t1b ágýman, wv/t2 árian1care for; ~ as sv/t7 lǽtan1 consider, wv/t1a cierran1

 

region [] landscipe m, landstede m, ymbhwyrft m district, grundscéat2m; léodrǽden f country, léodscipe m country

 

register of names [] nambóc f; ~ (on a tablet) nambred n

 

regulate by [] wv/t1b cépan

 

regulation [] insetnes f, lagu f law; ~ in life líffadung f

 

rein [] guiding ~ lattéh f; ~s  healsleðer n

 

rejected [] adj áworpen divorced

 

rejection [] áworpennes f, áworpnes f what is cast away

 

rejoinder [] geantalu f contradiction

 

relate [] wv/t1b nemnan mention, wv/t2 nemnian mention; sv/t2 ábéodan declare, sv/t5 áwrecan recite, wv/t1b cýðan1tell

 

related [] adj néahsibb

 

related persons (member of a brotherhood of ~) [] gilda1m

 

related? [] adj andlang

 

relation [] cnéowmǽg m kinsman; blood ~ nýdmǽg1m, nýdmǽge1f cousin; near ~ néahmǽg m

 

relationship [] cýðð f, cýððu f kinship, níedsibb f; near ~ néahsibb f affinity

 

relative [] adj géancyrrendlic

 

relaxed [] adj áseonod

 

release [] 1. líesing f deliverance, líhtung f relief; 2. wv/t1b líesan1liberate

 

relief [] in bas-~ adj inheald embossed

 

relief [] líhtung f alleviation

 

relieve [] wv/t1b líhtan1 alleviate

 

relieved [] wv/t2 léohtian be lightened

 

religion [] ǽ f faith, ǽwfæstnes f piety; false ~ unrihte ǽ f

 

religious [] 1. adj ǽwfæstlic, ǽwfæst, ǽfremmende pious; 2. ~ly adv ǽwfæstlíce

 

religious community [] cirice f church

 

remain [] sv/i5 licgan1 be situated; sv/t1 ábídan wait; wv/t2 áwunian continue; wv/t1b lǽfan1; allow to ~ sv/t7 lǽtan1let alone; ~ behind sv/t1 ábídan delay

 

remark [] ymbesprǽc f criticism

 

remedy [] lácnung f medicament

 

remembered [] well-~ adj ingemynde

 

remiss [] become ~ wv/i2 ǽeargian

 

remission [] liss f forgiveness [formerly líðs]; ~ (of sins) álǽnes f

 

remissive [] adj áslacigendlic

 

remissness [] iergð f, iergðu f cowardice

 

remote [] adj ásynderlic

 

removal [] gefyrðring f

 

remove [] sv/t3 ábregdan unsheathe; sv/t4 áberan take away; wv/t2 áfeorsian do away

 

remuneration [] lean n compensation

 

render [] ~ celebrated wv/t2 geæðelian2make renowned; ~ excellent wv/t2 geæðelian2 improve; ~ quiet wv/t2 átemian subdue; ~ renowned wv/t2 geæðelian2 render celebrated

 

renew [] wv/t2 inníwian1 , wv/t2 níwian restore

 

rennet [] cýslybb n

 

renounce [] sv/t5 æftercweðan abjure

 

renown [] hlíséadignes f

 

renowned [] 1. adj hlísbǽre, hlísig; léoht resplendent; 2. make ~ wv/t2 geæðelian2 render celebrated; render ~ wv/t2 geæðelian2render celebrated

 

rent [] 1. gafol n profit, gafolrǽden f tribute; barley paid as ~ gafolbere m; fish paid as ~ gafolfisc m; legal tender instead of coin for the ~ of a hide of land gafolhwítel m; 2. ~ (land) wv/t2 gafolian1

 

renter of land as opposed to the owner [] gafolgielda m rent-payer

 

rent-payer [] gafolgielda m renter of land

 

repair of churches [] ciricbót f

 

repay [] wv/t2 léanian1 recompense

 

repayment [] ǽgift f restitution

 

repeat [] sv/t5 æftercweðan speak after

 

repel [] wv/t1b ábǽdan ward off

 

reply [] wv/t2 géanþingian

 

representative [] ǽrendraca m substitute

 

repress [] wv/t1b ástyntan restrain; wv/t1b nierwan1, wv/t2 nierwian1confine

 

reproach [] 1. læccung f, leahtor m; iermð f, iermðu f; 2. sv/t6, also wv/t1b léan, wv/t1b áhyspan

 

reproof [] níedþrafung f

 

reprove [] wv/t2 leahtrian1 blame

 

repugnant [] adj andsǽte hateful

 

repulsive [] 1. adj láðlic horrible; 2. ~ly adv láðlíce; 3. make hateful or ~ wv/t1b láðettan

 

reputation [] nama m

 

repute [] lof n glory

 

request [] sv/t5 ábiddan ask for

 

require [] sv/t5 ábiddan demand; wv/t2 impers. w.g. néodian1be required; be ~ wv/t2 impers. w.g. néodian1 be necessary

 

required for present use [] adj instandendlic

 

requirement [] nýdbrice m need

 

requisite [] níedbehǽfnes f

 

requite [] wv/t2 léanian1 repay

 

rescue [] wv/t1a nerian save, wv/t1a ánerian deliver, wv/t1a áhreddan save

 

residence [] cafortún m hall; ~ in inwunung f

 

residents within the walls of a town [] innanburhware noun pl

 

resin from tar [] ífigtearu n, ífigtara n ivy-tar

 

resistance [] anbyrdnes f, andsæc m strife, andwíg m

 

resolute [] 1. adj árǽd prepared; 2. ~ly adv heardlíce sternly

 

resolution [] ánmódnes f steadfastness

 

resound [] wv/t2 áhléoðrian sound, wv/t2 cracian crack

 

respect [] 1. ár f reverence, anléc m regard; 2. in ~ to prep w.d., rarely a. æt as to; 3. in every ~ adv ǽghwǽr in every case; 3. wv/t2 árian1 honor

 

respected [] 1. adj árfæst virtuous, árful venerable; 2. ~ly adv árfullíce

 

respected [] adj? árwesa

 

respectful [] 1. adj árfæst, árful; 2. ~ly adv árfullíce

 

resplendent [] adj léoht beautiful

 

responsibility [] pleoh n

 

rest [] 1. ǽmetta m leisure; liss f peace [formerly líðs]; evening ~ ǽfenrest f; 2. be at ~ sv/i5 licgan1be situated

 

rested [] adj áblann

 

rest-harrow [] cammoc n?, m? cammock

 

restitution [] æfterléan n reward; ǽgift f repayment

 

restore [] wv/t2 geinnian fill, wv/t2 níwian renew

 

restrain [] wv/t1b ábǽdan compel, wv/t1b ábǽdan ward off; wv/t1b ymbebǽtan curb, wv/t2 gebrídlian curb; wv/t1b ástyntan stop; wv/t3 gehabban hold; ~ oneself sv/r4 áberan

 

retain [] wv/t3 æthabban, wv/t3 habban keep

 

retainer [] ambihtscealc2m functionary, cniht m attendant, þegnhyse m follower

 

retaliation [] andléan2n retribution

 

retard [] wv/t1b ágǽlan hold back

 

retinue [] handscolu2f; attendant member of a ~ ymbhringend m; noble ~ æðelduguð f

 

retort upon [] wv/t2 nebbian rebuke

 

retribution [] æfterléan n reward; andléan2n retaliation; lean n compensation

 

retrograde [] adj capiende backwards

 

return [] 1. géanhworfennes f, géanhwurf m, gehwyrftnes f, géancyrr m; 2. sv/i2 géanhweorfan, sv/t3 ágéngehweorfan, wv/t1b ágénhwyrfan, wv/i1a cierran1turn back; 3. in ~ adv æfter thereupon

 

returning [] not ~ adj næftcyrrend

 

reveal [] sv/t1 áwréon discover; sv/t4 áberan, wv/t1a yppan1 display, wv/t1b ácýðan announce, sv/t7 ingefeallan disclose, wv/t1b íewan1disclose

 

revel [] gálfréols m licentious festival

 

revelation [] ǽ f scriptures

 

revelry [] glíwgamen n

 

revenge [] gnyrnwracu f enmity

 

revenge for injury [] gyrnwracu2f

 

revenue [] ár f possessions, gafolgyld n fiscus; state ~ gafolgyld n fiscus; imperial ~s gafolgyld n imperial treasury; public ~s gafolgyld n state treasury

 

reverence [] ǽwiscnes f, ár f respect

 

reverse sentence of outlawry [] wv/t2 inlagian1

 

reversed [] adj andelbær, andelbǽre

 

revile [] wv/t2 leahtrian1 accuse

 

reviving [] ymbwendung f

 

revolution [] ymbhweorfnes f change; ymbhwyrft m rotation, ymbryne m circuit

 

revolve [] sv/t3 ymbhweorfan turn around; ~ around sv/t1 ymbscríðan, sv/t1 ymbswífan

 

reward [] 1. lean n compensation, æfterléan n restitution; ~er léangyfa m; 2. wv/t2 léanian1 repay

 

rhetorical [] 1. adj getyngelic, getynglic elegant; 2. adv ~ly getyngelíce, getynglíce

 

rich [] 1. adj ǽhtspédig, ǽhtwelig wealthy, gifig, gefættig fat; ~ in corn corngesǽlig; ~ in gold goldspédig; 2. one ~ in land gelenda m; ~s gærsum m, n, f treasure

 

rich gold [] icge gold?

 

riches [] ǽhtspéd f, ǽhtwela2m wealth, lífwela2m, hordmægen n

 

ride [] sv/t1 árídan

 

ride in a ploughed field [] land n

 

rider [] ástígend m

 

ridiculous [] 1. adj gamenlic; 2. ~ly adv gamenlíce

 

right [] have no ~ to irreg v/t nágan not be allowed

 

right [] lagu f legal privilege; legal ~ lahriht n; the legal ~, duties, and privileges which attached to the rank of thane þegnlagu f thane-law; ~ of judging thieves caught within the limits of one’s jurisdiction, and of taking the fines for the crime infangeneþéof noun, infangenþéf noun

 

rind [] oak-~ ácrind f

 

ringing of the noon-bell [] nónhring m

 

riot [] gagolbǽrnesf wantonness

 

ripped up [] adj ásprindlad

 

rise [] sv/i6 ástandan rise up

 

rise up [] sv/i6 ástandan stand up

 

rising (of sun) [] anginn n

 

risk [] 1. néðing f, pleoh n danger, pliht m peril; 2. wv/t1b néðan  dare

 

rite [] (esp in pl) ǽ f ceremony; heathen ~ godgield n

 

river [] íegstréam2m current; neighboring ~ néahéa f; sweep (of a ~) ymbbígnes f circuit; the ~ Axe Acsa m, Axa m

 

river-fish (name of a ~) [] íor m (eel?)

 

road [] main ~ to a town portherpað m?; public ~ portstrǽt f, portweg m; junction of ~s gelǽte n [ON lǽti]; ~ fenced on either side? gierdweg m; ~ made with faggots? gierdweg m

 

roar [] wv/i2 circian, wv/t1b grymettan, wv/t2 grymettian grunt, wv/t2 ýðgian rage; ~ (of lions) wv/t1b gyrretan; ~ again wv/t1b áhlówan

 

roaring [] grymetung f, grymettung f bellowing

 

roast [] wv/t1b áhyrstan fry

 

robe [] pylece f warm fur garment; silk ~ pæll m [L pallium]cloak

 

rock [] carr m [Keltic] stone, clifstán m, clif n cliff

 

rod [] gierd f staff

 

Rogation day [] gangdæg m

 

Rogation week [] Gangwuce f the week of Holy Thursday

 

roll [] wv/t1b awilwan, wv/t2 awilwian, wv/t1b áwyltan roll away; ~ away wv/t1b áwyltan roll

 

rolling [] gewealc n tossing motion

 

Romans [] lǽdenware m pl

 

roof [] þaca1m; unfriendly ~ inwithróf m

 

room [] needed ~ níedhús n; upper ~ yppe f

 

roomy [] adj numol spacious

 

root out [] wv/t2 áwyrttrumian,áwyrtwalian

 

rope [] líne f cable

 

rotation [] ymbhwyrft m revolution

 

rough [] adj clincig

 

round [] anything ~ æppel m ball

 

row [] líne f series

 

row after [] sv/t7 æfterrówan

 

rowlock [] há m

 

royal blood (man of ~) [] æðeling m nobleman

 

rub off [] wv/t1b ábýwan cleanse

 

rubbing [] gníding f

 

rubbish [] ǽfyrmða f pl sweepings; loðrung f nonsense

 

rudiment [] níwung f

 

rugged [] adj anbrucol

 

ruin [] gebrosnung f decay, gefealnis f

 

rule [] lagu f ordinance, lahgewrit n, gíeming f; líne f direction; canon m canon; canonical ~ préostregol m

 

ruler [] landfruma m prince, léodcyning m king; lone ~ ánwalda m

 

rumination [] ácéocung f

 

run [] sv/i3 iernan move rapidly, wv/i1b geærnan; sv/i5 licgan1 flow; ~ around sv/i3 ymbiernan surround; ~ away sv/i3 ætiernan; ~ for wv/t1b geærnan

 

rune [] a ác m; c cén2m [Ger kien]; g géar n; i ís n; io íor m; l lagu m; n níed f; ng ing m; p peorð m name of the rune for p

 

runlet of water [] ǽdre f

 

rush [] læfer f reed

 

rush [] wv/i1a ástellan fly off; ~ upon wv/t1b inrǽsan

 

rushing downwards [] adj niðerscéotende, niðerscyfe m descent

 

rustic [] 1. adj ceorlic common; 2. adv ceorlisce

 

rustic [] æcerceorl m


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