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Modern English - Old English (Anglo Saxon) Dictionary U-V


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U

  

ugly [] 1. yfelic, yfellic foul; 2. ~ly adv yfelíce, yfellíce

 

ulcerated [] adj áblegned

 

unable [] be ~ to irreg v/t nágan have no right to

 

unanimity [] ánméde n concord; ánmódnes f unity

 

unbelief [] geléafléasnes f, geléafléast f, geléaflýst f

 

unbelieving [] adj geléafléas

 

unceasingly [] adv gefæstlíce

 

undergo [] wv/t1a ástellan, wv/t1b geféran fare

 

undermine [] wv/t1b áwecgan move

 

understanding [] andgiet n, andgiete f intellect, gearowita m intellect; ingehygd f, ingehýd f, ingehíd f sense

 

undertake [] sv/t4 niman1 accept; wv/t1a ástellan start, wv/t2 ábisgian engage in

 

undertaking [] anginn n enterprise

 

undone (leave ~) [] sv/t7 lǽtan1

 

undulating [] adj capiende

 

unemployed [] adj ídel idle

 

unencumbered [] adj clǽne unfettered

 

unfettered [] adj clǽne unencumbered

 

unguent [] nard m [L nardus] spikenard

 

unheard of [] adj níwe new

 

unicorn [] ánhorn m, ánhorna m

 

unimpeded [] adj ábunden

 

unimportant person [] lýtling m

 

uninhabited [] adj ábúrod, ǽmen, ǽmenne desolate

 

union [] gaderung1f connection

 

unique [] 1. adj ánfald, ánfeald, ánfealdlic single; ánlic only; 2. adv ~ly ánfaldlíce, ánfealdlíce

 

unite [] irreg wv/t1b geférlǽcan associate, wv/t1b ánlǽcan1; wv/t2 gadrian1gather, wv/t2 geánian, wv/t1b limplǽcan connect

 

united [] 1. adj gadertang continuous; 2. ~ly adv geador2together, ætgædere, ætgæddre, ætgædre, ætgæderum together

 

unity [] ánmódnes f unanimity, ánnes f oneness

 

unjustly [] adv áwóh wrongfully

 

unless [] 1. conj ac gif, nemne, nymðe except; 2. prep w.d.? nemne

 

unmarried [] adj ǽmetig, ǽmettig, ǽmtig

 

unmixed [] 1. adj ánfald, ánfeald, ánfealdlic single; 2. adv ~ly ánfaldlíce, ánfealdlíce

 

unoccupied [] adj ǽmetig, ǽmettig, ǽmtig without employment

 

unpleasant [] 1. adj láð noxious, láðlic repulsive; 2. ~ly adv láðlíce

 

unprovided with cattle [] adj yrfeléas

 

unsheathe [] sv/t3 ábregdan draw

 

until [] 1. conj ǽr before that; 2.  prep w.d., rarely a. æt (temporal) to

 

untried [] adj níwe inexperienced

 

untruth [] 1. léas n mistake; 2. ~ful léas deceitful

 

unwilling [] be ~ modal v/i + infinitive nyllan

 

unwrap [] wv/t1b árǽfan set free

 

up to [] prep w.d., rarely a. æt (local) as far as

 

uphold [] wv/t2 áwreðian support

 

upon [] 1. prep w.d., rarely a. æt (local) on, prep w.d. or a. (local) in on; prep w.d.a. ymbe (of place) at; 2. adv ymbe

 

upper garment [] loða m cloak

 

upper room [] yppe f

 

uppermost [] adj yfemest (spl of ufan) highest

 

upright [] adj ǽwfæst pious

 

urge [] wv/t1b gelǽran persuade, wv/t1b lǽran1advise, wv/t2 néadian1compel

 

urgent [] adj níedmicel

 

urine [] hland n

 

usage (popular ~) [] léodþéaw m

 

use [] 1. notu f employment, nytnes f benefit, nytt f utility; 2. sv/t2 (usu w.g.) néotan have the use of; wv/t2 notian1employ, wv/t2 nyttian1enjoy; have the ~ of sv/t2 (usu w.g.) néotan use; 3. required for present ~ adj instandendlic

 

useful [] 1. adj nytlic, nytwierðlic profitable, nytwierðe, nytwirðe, nytwyrðe profitable; gifre, notwierðe, nytt helpful, nytþearflic, nyttol; 2. ~ly adv nytlíce, nytwierðlíce

 

useless [] 1. adj ǽnote, ídel worthless, ídelgeorn, náht poor; 2. become empty or ~ wv/t2 ídlian1

 

usual [] adj geþeawe customary

 

usury [] gafol n interest

 

utility [] netwerðlicnes f, notu f advantage, nytlicnes f, nytt f use, nytwierðnes f

 

utter [] wv/t1b cýðan1 tell; sv/t1 indrífan ejaculate; sv/t5 áwrecan relate, sv/t7 árǽdan interpret, wv/t1a geyppan; ~ a sound wv/i2 ginian; ~ (in a contemptuous sense) wv/t1b cylcan give out

 

uttermost [] adj ýtemest last

 

 

V

  

vacant [] adj ǽmtig, ǽmetig, ǽmettig empty

 

vain [] 1. adj ídellic idle; léas worthless, ídel useless; 2. ~ly adv ídellíce; in ~ butan intingan emptily, in/on ídelnesse, on ídel; 3. be ~ wv/i2 goffian

 

vainglory [] ídelgielp n empty boasting, léasgielp m

 

valid [] adj gód [cmp betera, betra, bettra; spl betest, betst] suitable

 

valley [] pæð m

 

valorous [] adj níðhýdig

 

valuable [] adj æðele costly

 

value [] get the ~ of wv/t1b cystan

 

valued [] 1. adj léof1 beloved, léoflic precious; 2. ~ly adv léoflíce

 

vanity [] ídelnes f frivolity

 

vapor [] ǽðmm

 

vassal [] land of a dependant or ~ néatland n

 

vast [] adj grundléaslic boundless

 

vat [] cýf f tub

 

vehement [] adj ierlic angry

 

veil [] háligrift n, háligryft n, háligreft n

 

vein [] ǽdre f artery; ~s ǽdran f pl; cephalic ~ héafodǽdre f

 

vendible [] adj cíeplic for sale

 

venerable [] 1. adj árful respected; 2. ~ly adv árfullíce

 

venture on [] wv/t1b néðan risk

 

verily [] 1. adv gefæstlíce but; 2. interj

 

vernal [] adj lenctenlic of spring

 

versified [] adj léoðlic

 

vervain [] ísenhearde f knapweed

 

vessel [] crocc f, crocca m pot, cróg m pitcher, læfel m bowl[L labellum]; cýpe f basket; lid2n ship, naca2m ship, ýðlid2n ship; ~ in the air (moon) lyftfæt n; apple-~ æppelfæt n; brazen ~ árfæt n; leaden ~ léad n cauldron; lipped ~ næster ?; nail-fastened ~ nægledcnearr m; studded ~ nægledsinc n; trading ~ céapscip n; wine ~ pægel m small measure; small ~ plegscip n

 

vestibule [] cafortún m courtyard, infæreld n; portic m, n porch

 

vestment [] ciricwǽd f; ~ worn by the epistler pistolcláð m, pistolrocc m

 

vex [] wv/t1b ierman1 harass

 

vice [] leahtor m fault

 

vicious [] 1. adj leahtorlic faulty; leahtorful seductive, yfelwillende; 2. ~ly adv leahtorlíce

 

vicissitude [] gehwearf m

 

victory [] gain ~ sv/t4 sige niman1

 

victuals [] nest n provisions

 

view [] inscéawung f inspection

 

vigil [] ciricwæcce f

 

vigorous [] 1. adj líffæst1living; 2. ~ly adv cáflíce promptly

 

vile [] 1. adj lýðerful evil; lýðerlic sordid; 2. ~ly adv áworpenlíce, lýðerlíce

 

village [] castel n town, ceasterwíc f, cotlíf n hamlet; neighboring town or ~ néahtún m

 

violate [] sv/t4 ábrecan conquer

 

violence [] níed f force

 

violent [] 1. adj grimful fierce; 2. ~ly adv nýdwrǽclíce

 

viper [] vípere f, nǽdre f snake

 

virgin [] 1. adj hagostealdlic; 2. ides f

 

virginity [] andsumnes f, andsundnes f chastity, hagostealdnes f; (male) ~ cnihthád m

 

virtue [] árfæstnes f honor, cræft m excellence, gód n doughtiness, cyst f, m moral excellence

 

virtuous [] 1. adj cystig good, árfæst respected; gód [cmp betera, betra, bettra; spl betest, betst] good; 2. ~ly adv cystiglíce

 

visible [] adj ansíene2

 

vision [] léorednes1f; power of ~ léoht n

 

visit [] 1. néosung1f visitation; 2. wv/t1b néosan1, wv/t2 néosian1 go to; ~ with affliction wv/t1b néosan, wv/t2 néosian attack

 

visitation [] néosung1f visit

 

visitor [] ingenga m intruder

 

voice [] héafodwóð f

 

void [] adj ídel bare

 

voluntarily [] adv gewealdes

 

vow [] lást1n duty

 

voyage (sea-~) [] ýðlád f

 

vulgarly [] adv ceorllíce commonly


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