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Modern English - Old English (Anglo Saxon) Dictionary W-Y-Z


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W

 
wait [] sv/t1 ábídan remain; ~ for sv/t1 ábídan await

 

wait upon [] wv/t2 þegnian1 provide

 

waited [] adj ábád expected

 

walk [] irreg v/i gán1go

 

wall (city ~) [] portweall m

 

walled [] adj geweallod

wallet [] nestpohha m

walrus [] nicor m hippopotamus

 

wandering [] 1. adj ierre erring; ~ on the waves ýðwórigende

 

want [] 1. gád1n desire, næft f need; gelýtlung f insufficiency; níedþearf f thing needed; 2. adj in ~ þearfende poor; 3. to be in ~ wv/i1b geþearfan; not to ~ to modal v/i + infinitive nyllan

 

wanton [] 1. adj gagolisc light, gál light, gálful lustful, gálferhð licentious, gálmód licentious, plegol; 2. ~ly adv gálfullíce; 3. be ~ wv/i2 gálian; make ~ wv/t1b áwrǽnan; wax ~ wv/t2 áwrǽnsian

 

wantonness [] gagolbǽrnesf, gál n luxury, gálnes f frivolity, gálscipe m luxury, léohtbrǽdnes f frivolity

 

war [] camprǽden f warfare; gárníð m conflict, gielpplega m, gúð2f battle, níð m attack; civil ~ ingewinn n; glory in ~ æsctír m; internal ~ ingefeoht n

 

ward off [] wv/t1b ábǽdan repel

 

warden [] ciricweard m church-keeper

 

warfare [] camp m, n combat, camphád m, camprǽden f war, campung f fighting; campdóm m military service, hereníð m

 

warlike [] 1. adj heardlic bold; 2. ~ly adv heardlíce

 

warlike expedition [] gárfaru2f

 

warm fur garment [] pylece f robe

 

warmth [] hléownes f

 

warp (in weaving) [] langweb n

 

warring close at hand [] néahhergung f

 

warrior [] cempa m champion, heremæcg m, herewulf m, hererinc2m, herewǽða2m, herewósa2m; female ~ cempestre f; cniht m disciple, gárberend2m, gárwigam, gárwígendm spearman, gumrinc2m man, gúðfreca2m, gúðfremmend2m, gúðgelǽca m, gúðmæcga m, gúðmaga m, gúðwiga m, lindwiga m; band of ~s gárhéap m; junior ~ (as opposed to duguð) geoguð f; shielded ~ lindwígend2m, lindwíggend2m

 

wart [] puduc m

 

wash [] a ~ for the head héafodbæð n

 

wash [] sv/t6 áwascan bathe, wv/t2 lafian1 bathe; ~ oneself wv/t2 áspylian

 

waste [] 1. adj íeðe2 barren; 2. lay ~ wv/t1b áwéstan destroy

 

watch [] night-~ nihtwacu f, nihtwæcce f vigil; ~ on the shore ǽgweard f

 

water [] 1. lagu m flood; ýð f liquid; lagustréam2 m sea; ~s laguflód m stream; alkalized ~ léag f lye; baptismal ~ fant m; neighboring piece of ~ néahwæter n; runlet of ~ ǽdre f; 2. pour ~ on wv/t2 lafian1 wash; 3. full of ~ adj infléde2

 

watercress [] cærse f cress

 

water-dwelling [] ýðhof2n ship

 

water-fowl [] ganot m sea-bird

 

water-sprite [] nicor m sea-monster

 

waterway [] lád1f street; lagulád2f sea

 

wave [] 1. laguflód m stream, ýð f billow; ~-course ýðfaru2f flood; ~-horse ýðhengest m ship; ~-mixture ýðgebland n surge; ~-strife ýðgewinn2n life in the waves; ~-traverser ýðlida m ship

 

way [] 1. gang m course, lád1f street; cost m manner; ~ of life lífbrycgung f; ~ (e.g., monastic) líf m; 2. in the ~ adj geanul in the path; 3. adv in any ~ áhwǽr at any time in every ~ ǽghwæs altogether, ǽghwilces; ǽghwanan everywhere

 

weak [] 1. adj geléfed sickly,?geléwed ill, áléwed feeble, wk adj lama lame; lǽne sinful; 2. lama m lame person; 3. grow ~ wv/i2 átídrian

 

weaken [] wv/t1b áwǽcan

 

weakness [] internal ~ innantídernes f; ~ of the bowels innoðtýdernes f

 

wealth [] æht f (usu pl) goods, ǽhtspéd f, ǽhtwela2m riches, gód n goods; decrease of ~ æfwela m  (listed f)

 

wealthy [] adj ǽhtwelig rich

 

wean [] sv/t1 ásícan, wv/t2 áwenian disaccustom

 

weapon [] campwǽpen n, herewǽpen n, ísengelóma m iron instrument, gúðwine2m battle-friend; iron ~ ísen2n sword

 

wear out [] wv/t1b átǽsan injure

 

weariness [] ǽmelnes f disgust; langung f sadness

 

weary [] 1. ~ of sea-voyages adj lidwérig; 2. wv/t1a ǽðryttan1

 

weave [] irreg wv/t1b ymbwyrcan

 

weaver as he goes [] gangewifre f spider

 

weaver’s beam [] lorg f, m, lorh f, m pole

 

weaving implement [] crancstæf m crank

 

web [] spider’s ~ nett n

 

wedge-shaped [] adj gǽred

 

wedlock [] ǽwnung f

 

weed [] láser m?tare

 

week [] Rogation ~ Gangwuce f the week of Holy Thursday; the W~ of Holy Thursday Gangwuce f Rogation week; ~ of which Palm Sunday is the first day palmwuce f; last ~ in which cheese was allowed to be eaten before Lent cýswucu f

 

weevil [] ymel m

 

weigh [] 1. one who ~s pundere m, punderngend m?; 2. wv/t1a ápyndrian, wv/t2 pinsian [L pensare] consider

 

weighing [] ápinsung f

 

weight [] 1. lifer f [L libra?], pund n [L pondo], pundur n [L pondere] plumb-line; anmitta m scales; a scale of ~ léadgewiht n lead-weight; lead-~ léadgewiht n a scale of weight; pound ~ pundwǽg f measure (of corn); 2. of a pound ~ adj pundmǽte; of little ~ or importance léohtlic light

 

weir [] a fishing-~ cytwer m; ~ for catching fish cytwer m

 

welfare [] árǽd m, gód n goodness

 

well (as ~…as) [] conj ǽghwæðer (ge)…ge, ǽgðer…and

 

well [] adv gearwe effectually, cyrtelíce fairly, cyrtenlíce exactly

 

well [] pytt m [L puteus] hole

 

well known [] adj namcúð, ymbsprǽce spoken about

 

well-mannered [] adj geþéawod moral

 

well-ordered [] of ~ life adj þéawfæst moral

 

what! [] interj hwæt lá!

 

whatever [] 1. adj gehwilc whoever; 2. adv lóc/lóca hú, lóc/lóca hwæt; 3. pron ǽghwæt

 

whatsoever [] pron? ǽghwilc whosoever

 

when [] adv áhwænne whenever; ~? adv hwonne ǽr? how soon

 

whenever [] adv áhwænne when, lóc hú, lóca hú

 

wherefore [] interrog particle ac why

 

wherein [] adv þǽrin therein

 

wherever [] adv lóc/lóca hwǽr

 

whether [] interrog part. ac (in a direct interrogation, where there is no corresponding term in English)

 

whether [] interrog particle ac why

 

whey [] cýsehwǽg n

 

whichever [] adv lóc/lóca hwǽðer, lóc/lóca hwylc

 

while [] prep w.d. ámang during

 

whilst [] prep w.d. ámang during

 

white [] be ~ wv/t1b áblícgan

 

white of egg [] ǽglím m

 

whiten [] wv/t1a áblǽcan bleach, wv/t2 áhwítian

 

whitewashed [] newly ~ adj níwcilct

 

whoever [] 1. adj gehwilc whatever; 2. m, f pron ǽghwá, n pron ǽghwæt, pron gehwá (masc, fem), gehwæt (neut) any one; 3. adv lóc/lóca hwá

 

wholeness [] hálnes f

 

wholly [] adv ǽghwæs entirely

 

whosoever [] pron? ǽghwilc whatsoever

 

why [] interrog particle ac wherefore

 

wick [] candle~ candelwéoce f torch

 

wicked [] 1. adj gál proud, yfel (cmp wiersa, spl wiersta, wierresta, weorsta), yfelful malicious, godwræc, incúð, lýðre corrupt; inwit deceitful; inwitful crazy; 2. ~ly adv incúðlíce, leahtorlíce foully, náhtlíce badly

 

wicked avarice [] náhtgítsung f

 

wicked judge [] yfeldéma m

 

wickedness [] árléasnes f, hinderscipe m, inwitstæf2m evil, lýðernes f, yfel n evil, yfelgiornes f malice, yfelnes f depravity, náht f evil-doing, nearoþanc m evil thought, nearoþancnes f, níðscipe m

 

wide [] adj géap extensive, ginn2spacious

 

wife [] 1. geféra m, gemæcca1m, f husband, ides2f woman; (lawful) ~ ǽ f; 2. take a ~ wv/t1b wíf lǽdan; take to ~ sv/t4 niman1

 

wild [] 1. adj ierremód wrathful; 2. become ~ wv/t2 áwildian

 

wild oats [] áte f tares

 

will [] free ~ cyre m choice, cyst f, m

 

will [] yrfebéc f pl. testament, yrfegewrit n testament

 

willing [] 1. adj híersumlic ; 2. ~ly adv léoflíce gladly, luflíce, lustlíce gladly

 

will-writer []yrfewrítend m testator, yrfeweardwrítere m testator

 

wily [] adj léasbrédende deceitful, prættig sly

 

wind [] 1. wind m; north ~ norðanwind m; north-east ~ norðanéastanwind m; north-west ~ norðanwestanwind m; cold ~s ceolas m pl cold; puff of ~ pyff m; 2. sv/i2 lúcan interlock; ~ around sv/t3 ymbwindan, wv/t1b ymbhringan

 

wind instrument [] pípe f [L]

 

wine [] boiled ~ coltemære f?; native ~ líð n cider

 

wine vessel [] pægel m small measure

 

wing [] with frosted ~s adv ísigfeðera

 

winnow [] 1. wv/t2 fannian fan; 2. ~ing fann f fan

 

wipe dry [] wv/t1b ádrýgan dry

 

wisdom [] gerád n reason

 

wise [] 1. adj gerád clever, gléawhycgende2, gléawhýdig2 prudent, gléawlic prudent, gléawmód sagacious; þancsnotor2, þancsnottor2ingenious; ~ in thought þancsnotor2, þancsnottor2 ingenious; 2. ~ly adv gléawlíce

 

wise [] in no ~ adv nǽnige þinga, nǽniguht, nǽnigwuht, nánwiht, nánwuht, nánuht not at all

 

wish [] néodlaðu f

 

wish for [] wv/t2 áwilnian

 

wish one good luck [] sv/t2 hǽl ábéodan bid farewell to

 

with [] prep w.d., rarely a. æt (local) next to, at

 

withdraw [] sv/t3 ábregdan take away

 

wither [] wv/i2 áwisnian become dry

 

within [] 1. prep w.g.d.a. innan; from ~ prep w.g.d.a. innan; 2. adv inn inwards, inweard; innan inside, inne inside, ionna

 

without [] 1. adj w.g. léas devoid of; ~ employment ǽmetig, ǽmettig; ~ skill or cunning ǽgýpe; 2. be ~ wv/t3 nabban lack

 

witness [] ǽwda m, ǽwdamann m compurgator; cýðere m martyr; a false ~ léasgewita m; false ~ léasgewitnes f

 

witted (ready-~) [] adj gearoþoncol

 

wizard [] galdorcræftiga m, galdorgalere m, galdre m magician; galere m snake-charmer

 

woe [] tale of ~ inwitspell n

 

woman [] gefǽmne f, ides2f lady; married ~ hǽmedwíf n

 

womb [] cildhama m, ingehrif n, innoð m, f inside

 

wonder [] 1. dire ~) [] níðwundor n portent; 2. wv/t2 áwundrian admire; ~ at wv/t2 áwundrian admire

 

woo [] wv/t2 áwógian

 

wood [] wudu m, harað m, harad m (only in place names); fencing-~ given as part of the rent gafoltíning f; fire~ supplied as part of the rent gafolwydu m; neighboring ~ néahwudu m; southern-~ prutene f [L abrotanum] wormwood; ~ of oaks ǽcen ?

 

woodcock [] holthana m, holtana m

 

woodland [] private ~ inwudu m

 

word [] 1. word n; Latin ~ lǽdenword n; magic ~ galdorword n; ~ of thanks þancword n thanks; 2. in few ~s adv æt féawum wordum

 

work [] 1. geweorc n labor; indoor ~ inweorc n; military ~ geweorc n fortification; ~ or product of art cræft m; 2. pertaining to ~ adj geweorclic

 

working [] gearwung1f

 

workman [] assembled ~men gegaderwyrhtan m pl

 

workmanship [] geweorc n labor

 

world [] léoht n; ymbhwyrft m globe; ancient ~ ǽrworuld f

 

world without end [] adv á on écnisse, á butan ende

 

worm [] intestinal ~ innanwyrm m, inwyrm m

 

wormwood [] prutene f [L abrotanum] southern-wood

 

worse, grow [] wv/t2 yfelian1 become bad

 

worship [] vain ~ ídelgild n idolatry

 

wort [] candle-~ candelwyrt f

 

worth [] 1. ár f dignity; 2. adj ~less léas vain; ~y of choice ácorenlic eligible; ~y of condemnation áworpenlic

 

worthless [] 1. adj ídel useless; náhtlic of no avail, cystléas bad; 2. ~ly adv náhtlíce

 

worthlessness [] náhtnes f, náhtscipe m

 

worthy of choice [] adj ácorenlic eligible

 

wound [] 1. láðbite m, lícsár2n, pudd m sore, lícwund f; cancerous ~ cancerwund f; internal ~ innanwund f, innoðwund f, inwund f; treacherous ~ inwithlemm m; ~ in the head héafodwund f; 2. wv/t1b átǽsan

 

wounded [] adj gúðwérig

 

wrath [] gramfǽrnes f

 

wrathful [] adj ierremód wild

 

wrench [] sv/t3 ábregdan unsheathe

 

wrest from [] wv/t1b áwrǽstan extort

 

wretch [] níðing m villain; poor ~ níedwǽdla m, ierming m person of no account

 

wretched [] 1. adj lýðre corrupt, yfel (cmp wiersa, spl wiersta, wierresta, weorsta); 2. ~ly  adv carlíce

 

writer [] inwrítere m secretary, nótere m [L] scribe; will ~ yrfewrítend m testator, yrfeweardwrítere m testator

 

writing [] a ~ áwrit n

 

written afterwards [] adj æfterwriten

 

wrong [] 1. adv yfle (cmp wiers/wyrs, spl wierrest/wyrrest/wyrst) badly; 2. wv/t2 yfelian1 hurt

 

wrongfully [] adv áwóh unjustly

 

 

Y

 

y [] ýr2m name of the rune for y

 

yard [] gierd f staff

 

yarrow [] gearwe f

 

yawn [] wv/i2 ginian, wv/t2 gánian gape

 

yawning [] gánung f, giniend m

 

yea [] 1. adv géa; 2. interj géalágé [géa lá géa] amen; 3. say ‘~’ wv/t1b géatan consent

 

year [] 1. géar n; number of ~s géarrím n; 2. in this ~ adv tó géare; ~ly géarhwamlíce

 

yearly fruit [] géarwǽstm m

 

yearly tribute [] géar n

 

yell [] wv/t2 gylian

 

yes [] adv géa, gése

 

yesterday [] 1. giestrandæg m; 2. adv giestran

 

yesternight [] giestranniht f

 

yew [] íw m; ~-berry íwberge f; ~-tree íw m

 

yield [] sv/i5 licgan1 fall, lie dead

 

yielding [] adj leoðubíge flexible

 

yoke [] what a ~ of oxen could plough in a day plóg m, plóh m

 

yolk of egg [] ǽgergelu n

 

young [] adj æðele lusty; gehwǽde small; cildlic childish

 

young of cattle [] geoguð f

 

young people [] geoguð f

 

youth [] cniht m boy; geoguð f, cnihthád m boyhood, cnihtiugoð f; ~ of gentle birth cild n

youthful [] adj cildgeong infant, cnihtgeong, geoguðlic

  

Z

 

zeal [] anda m, néod f earnestness

 

zealous [] 1. adj æfestig, néodful earnest; 2. adv cwiferlíce, néode [instrumental of néod] eagerly, néodlíce eagerly; 3. ~ praise néodlof n; ~ honoring néodweorðung f

 

zodiac [] circul m [L circulum] cycle

 

zone [] gyrdel m belt


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