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Modern English - Old English (Anglo Saxon) Dictionary S-T


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sacred song [] ymen m hymn

sacrifice [] lác n, f offering; evening ~ ǽfenlác n, ǽfenoffrung f; night ~ or services nihtgild n

sacrificed [] adj ábléoton

sacrilege [] ǽbrecð f, ciricbrǽc f, ciricbryce m, ciricrén n

sacrilegious [] adj ǽbrucol

sad [] 1. adj angmód sorrowful; gealg angry, gealgmód2gloomy, héaflic grievous; carful anxious; ~ in mind gealgmód2gloomy; 2. adv ~ly carfullíce

saddle cloth [] gára m strip of cloth

sadness [] grorntorn n, langung f weariness

safe [] adj hǽle1 

saffron [] crog m

sagacious [] adj áberd, ábered crafty, clǽne intellectual, gearowitol, gléawmód wise

sagacity [] gearowitolnes f

sail round [] wv/t1b ymblíðan

sailing [] adj faroðrídende

sailor [] ǽgflota m seafarer, lida m, lidmann2m seafarer, níedling m, nówend m shipmaster

saint [] æðeling2m hero; ~s háligwaras m pl, háligware m pl

sale [] 1. céap m purchase; 2. for ~ adj cíeplic vendible

salmon [] leax m

salutary [] adj anspilde, gód [cmp betera, betra, bettra; spl betest, betst] pleasant, lǽcedómlíc

salvation [] áhredding f deliverance, feorhrǽd m, hálor2n?, háls f

same [] the ~ 1. pron ilca1 ; 2. adj ilca1

sanctifier [] hǽlgere m, gehálgigend m

sanctuary [] generstede m refuge, háligportic m, háligweorc n, portic m, n chapel

sand [] ceosel m gravel; ýðláf2f shore

sandal [] calc m [L] shoe

sandstone [] ceoselstán m gravel

sapling (oak ~?) [] æcernspranca m

sarcophagus [] lícbeorg f coffin

satisfied [] 1. adj genyhtsum contented; 2. adv ~ly genyhtsumlíce

saturate [] wv/t1b indrencan steep

sausage [] gehæcca m

savagely [] adv grímme cruelly

save [] 1. conj nemne except; 2. prep w.d.? nemne; 3. wv/t1a nerian rescue, wv/t1a áhreddan rescue; be ~d sv/t5 nesan survive

savings (of life) [] liss f [formerly líðs]

savior [] ~ (Christ, God) nergend m preserver; hǽlestre f

sayno’ [] wv/t1a niccan refuse

say ‘yea’ [] wv/t1b géatan consent

saying [] magic ~ galdorcwide m incantation

scab [] fágnes f eruption

scale [] ~s anmitta m balance; pair of ~s pundern n; a ~ of weight léadgewiht n lead-weight

scandal [] 1. ábylgnes f offence

scandalize [] 1. wv/t2 geincfullian offend; 2. ~d adj geǽswícod offended

Scandinavian [] 1. adj norðerne Northumbrian; 2. Norðmann m dweller in the north

scantiness [] nearones f

scanty [] adj gehwǽde slight

scarcity [] gnéaðnes f

scatter [] wv/t1b ástencan

scenic [] adj pleglic

scepter [] cynegyrd f

scheme [] geþeaht f, n design

scheming [] evil-~ adj níðhycgende2

scholar [] leornere m

school [] lárhús n, leorninghús n, leornungscól f

science [] cræft m skill; lár f learning

scientific language [] cræftsprǽc f

scoff [] wv/t1a gabban mock

scoffing [] gabbung f mocking, gaffetung f mocking

score around [] sv/t1 ymbwrítan

scorn [] canc1n derision

scornful [] adj hleahterful

scourge [] 1? pollup m; 2. sv/t3 áswingan

scourging [] gebéat n

scouring [] áfeormung f cleansing

scrape [] wv/t1b plicgan scratch

scratch [] wv/t1b plicgan scrape, wv/t2 cláwian claw

scream [] sv/t6 galan1 cry

screen [] wv/t1b ymbscúwan defend

scribe [] nótere m [L] writer, notwrítere m one who makes notes

scrip [] pusa m bag

scriptures [] ǽ f revelation

scroll [] ymele f, ymle f

scruple [] inca m question; þreodung f hesitation

sculptor [] grafere m graver

sculptured [] adj ágrafenlic

scurrility [] gafsprǽc1f foolishspeech

sea [] fám n, fífelstréam m, fífelwǽg m ocean, íegstréam2m current, laguflód m ocean, ganotes bæð m, gársecg m ocean, ýð2  f, lagu m ocean, lagustréam2 m ocean, lagufæsten2n ocean, lagulád2f water-way; northern ~ norðsǽ f Bristol Channel

sea-bird [] ganot m gannet

seal [] 1. insegel n, insegl n [L] signet, inseglung f sealing, insigle n; 2. wv/t2 inseglian1

 

sealing [] inseglung f seal

sea-monster [] nicor m water-sprite; ~’s dwelling nicorhús n

search [] 1. ~ for land to settle on landsócn2f; 2. wv/t2 æfterspyrian track out; ~ out wv/t1b néosan, wv/t2 néosian find out, wv/t2 fandian1(oft w.g., but also w.d., w.a.) experience

season [] night ~ nihternnes f

season with pepper [] wv/t2 piporian1, piprian1

seat [] hléda m, hléde m; hereditary ~ yrfestól2m home; high ~ yppe f tribune; ~ of custom or toll céapsceamul m treasury

sea-voyage [] 1. ýðlád f; 2. weary of ~ adj lidwérig

seclusion [] ánetnes f, ánett m,n solitude

second [] adj æfterlic, æfterra following

secret [] 1. adj incund internal; 2. ~ly adv incundlíce

secretary [] canceler m [Low L cancellarium], inwrítere m writer

sect [] æfterfylgung f

section [] læppa m piece

security [] anwedd n pledge, gehýdnes f, carléasnes f, carléast f freedom from care; ~ in cases of theft inborh m bail

sedge [] cassuc m hassock; hassock or ~ leaves cassucléaf n pl

sedition [] ymbsetnung f

seduce [] sv/t6 áspanan allure

seductive [] adj leahtorful vicious

see [] 1. interj lóc, lóca; 2. that can ~ at night adj nihtéage; 3. light-~ing léohtscéawigend m

seed [] corn n berry, cyrnel m, n kernel; ~ enough for an acre? æcersǽd n; rape ~ nǽpsǽd n

seek [] ~ after wv/t1b cépan desire; ~ for wv/t2 ǽrendian1obtain; ~ out sv/t2 céosan1 choose

seem likely [] wv/i2 gelícian

seethe [] sv/t2 áséoðan boil

seize [] wv/t1b cépan, irreg wv/t1b læccan1grasp, sv/t7 ymbfón grasp, wv/t2 gelangian apprehend; ~ as tribute wv/t2 gafolian1 confiscate, sv/t4 niman1catch; ~ property improperly held by another wv/t1b gebryidan take

seizure [] níednǽm f; forcible ~ nýdnimu f rapine; (legal) ~ nám f

select [] sv/t2 céosan1 choose, sv/t5 lesan pick

self-controlled [] adj gewealdenmód

sell [] wv/t1b cýpan1 barter

send [] ~ back wv/t1b ágénsendan; ~ for wv/t2 gelangian summon; ~ forth wv/t1b cylcan emit; ~ in wv/t1b insendan put in, wv/t1b inásendan; ~ word to wv/t2 ǽrendian1 carry a message

sense [] andgiet n, andgiete f meaning; ingehygd f, ingehýd f, ingehíd f understanding; one of the five ~s andgiet n, andgiete f

senseless [] adj andgietléas foolish

sensible [] adj andgietful, andgitol intelligent

sensitive [] adj geféle

separate [] 1. adj ánlíepig, ánlípig, ánlípe, ánlípie single; ~d geasyndrod sundered; 2. ~ly adv ælsyndrig; 3. wv/t1b áðíedan, sv/t2 cléofan split

separation of soul and body [] gástgedál2n death

September [] Háligmónað m holy month

sepulcher [] lícþrúh f

sequel [] æfterfylgednes f

serene [] adj líðe (cmp lýðre, spl lýðrest?) mild

serf [] æht f (usu pl), ǽhtemann m

series [] líne f row

serpent [] nǽdre f snake

servant [] ambihtere m, ambihtmecg2m, ár2m apostle, geféra m man, cnafa m, cnapa m, góp m slave, cniht m attendant, árþegn m; ~s inhíwan noun pl, inhígan noun pl; bought ~ céapcniht m slave; female ~ inþínan f; household ~ incniht m

serve [] wv/t1b lǽstan1 help; ~ a person wv/t2 þegnian1w.d. attend upon; ~ an office wv/t2 þegnian1 perform the duties of an office; ~ food wv/t2 þegnian1 supply wants

service [] þéowtscipe m, ambihtnes f, ambihtsumnes f serving s.o.; þegnrǽden f thaneship; church ~ ciricnytt f; ~ held at 6 AM prím n?[L prima] prime; ~ of prime prímsang m prime-song; annual ~ géarþénung f; military ~ campdóm m warfare; night sacrifice or ~s nihtgild n; nones (~ held at the ninth hour) nón f, n; ~s due to the lord on his inland inwaru f; ~ at 3 PM nónsang m nones

serviceable [] adj gelástful helpful

servitude [] reduce to ~ wv/t2 nýdþéowian exact service from

set [] wv/t1a ástellan put; ~ about a thing irreg v/i ymbe béon; ~ around sv/t5 ymbsittan surround, wv/t1a ymbsettan surround; ~ down wv/t1a niðersettan, wv/t1a niðerásettan; ~ forth wv/t1a ástellan display; ~ free sv/t7 lǽtan1let out, wv/t1a áhreddan rescue; ~ free wv/t1b árǽfan unwrap; ~ in order wv/t1b geglengan compose; ~ oneself up wv/t1b áhlǽnan; ~ up wv/t1a ástellan establish

settle [] 1. search for land to ~ on landsócn2f; 2. sv/t7 árǽdan decide

settled [] adj líffæst1

settlement [] landbúnes f colony; loc n agreement; amicable ~ lufu f

settler [] landséta m [sǽta]

severally [] adv ánlíepig, ánlípig, ánlípe, ánlípie only

severe [] 1. adj heardlic harsh, nearu strict; 2. ~ly adv heardlíce sternly, grímme savagely

severity [] grimnes f, þearlwísnes f strictness

sew [] wv/t1b áséowan

sexton [] ciricweard m church-keeper

shade [] leafy ~ léafscead n; place for ~ léafsele m booth; ~s of night nihthelm2m, nihtscúa2m

shaft [] píl m spike [L pilum]; spear-~ gárbéam m, gárwudum lance; treacherous ~ inwitflán m

shaggy [] adj loccod hairy

shake [] wv/i2 ábifian quake, wv/t1b áwecgan move; ~ together wv/t2, wv/i2 gehrisian

sham [] 1. adj léaslic false; 2. ~ly adv léaslíce

shame [] 1. æpsenes f disgrace, ǽwisc n dishonor [Goth aiwisks]; áblysgung f, áblysung f blushing; 2. adj ~ful áscamelic, ǽwiscberende, áwyrgedlic abominable; ~less ǽwisc indecent [Goth aiwisks], geandwlatod, nebwlátful barefaced; 3. feel ~ wv/t2 áscamian; put to ~ wv/t2 áréodian

shape [] limgelecg n

sharp [] adj numol stinging

sharp pain? [] gár2m piercing cold

shear [] wv/t2 ǽfesian

sheep (wether ~) [] gádinca m

sheet of paper [] léaf n

shekel [] yndse f piece of money

shelter [] hlíwe f; ~ at night nihtfeormung f; a kind of ~? poshlíwe f

shield [] play-~ plegscyld m small shield; small ~ plegscyld m play shield

shield? [] campwudu m

shine [] sv/i1 áblícan glitter, wv/t1b áblícgan, wv/t2 áscímian, wv/i1b líxan gleam; wv/t1b líhtan illuminate, wv/t1b lýman; ~ around sv/t1 ymbscínan

shingle [] ceosel m gravel

shingles (the ~) [] circuládl f

shingly [] adj ceoselbǽre

shining [] glæterung f, líhtung f illumination

ship [] scip n, céol m, geofonhús n, holmærn n, naca2m vessel, lid2n vessel, ýðhengest m wave-horse, ýðhof2n water-dwelling, ýðlid2n vessel, ýðlida m wave-traverser, ýðbord? n ship’s side; ~ of oak ác f

ship’s side? [] ýðbord n ship

shipmaster [] lidweard m, nówend m sailor

shirt [] cemes f [L camisia]

shod (of horses) [] adj calcrond

shoe [] calc m [L] sandal

shoemaker [] lǽstwyrhta m

shoot [] léaf n leaf, plante f [L planta] plant; impa?  m, impe? f graft

shore [] 1. ýðláf2f beach; northern land or ~ norðland n; watch on the ~ ǽgweard f; 2. approach the ~ sv/t7gelǽtan néah land

shorten [] wv/t2 lýtlian1 curtail, wvt1b gecyrtan

shout [] wv/t2 gylian

shove in [] sv/t2 inscúfan

shovel [] iron ~ ísenscofl f

show [] sv/t7 ingefeallan point out, wv/t1b cýðan1prove, wv/t1b ácýðan proclaim, wv/t1b íewan1display; ~ eruptions wv/t2 piplian break out in pimples; ~ forth wv/t1b cýðan1 tell; ~ oneself wv/t1a cennan1declare

shower of arrows [] ísenscúr f

shrink [] wv/t2 nearwian become smaller

shun [] wv/t2 þracian fear

shut [] sv/t2 inbelúcan; ~ up sv/t2 lúcan1close, wv/t1b gepyndan impound

sick [] 1. adj ádlig diseased, legerbǽre ill, legerfæst ill; 2. ~ person ádliga m; ~ bed legerbedd n

sickly [] adj geléfed weak

sickness [] ádl f disease, coðu f disease

side [] 1. inner ~ of arm innanearm m; 2. by the ~ of prep w.g. andlang; by his side?; 3. with nailed ~s adj nægledbord2; 4. on every ~ adv ǽghwanan everywhere, ǽghwider in all directions;

side-dish [] gabote f [L gabata] dessert-dish

siege [] ymbset n, ymbsetl n, ymbsetennes f, ymbsetnung f

sieve [] hridder n, hriddern n, hrider n

sift [] wv/t1b ásiftan

sigh [] sv/t1 ásícan

sighing [] hloccetung f

sign [] make ~s to wv/t2 andbícnian; make the ~ of the cross  irreg wv/t1b wyrcan Crístesmǽl / Crístesmél

signet [] insegel n, insegl n [L] seal, insigle n

silk robe [] pæll m [L pallium] cloak

silotrum[] pillsápe f

silver fir-tree [] ábies f

similar [] adj angelic like

simony [] ciricmangung f

simple [] 1. adj ánfald, ánfeald, ánfealdlic modest; 2. adv ~ly ánfaldlíce, ánfealdlíce

sin [] 1. ǽgylt m offence, gylting f, leahtor m offence, fácen n evil, fácendǽd f crime, læst f fault; grievous ~ níðsynn f; 2. wv/t2 ásyngian

since [] conj because

sincere [] 1. adj ánfald, ánfeald, ánfealdlic honest; inweard earnest, inweardlic earnest; 2. adv ~ly ánfaldlíce, ánfealdlíce; inlíce heartily

sincerity [] incundnes f inward conviction

sinew [] ǽdre f nerve

sinful [] 1. adj gyltlic; lǽne weak; 2. ~ly adv gyltlíce

sing [] 1. cantic m, canticsang m [L] canticle; ~er cantere m; 2. sv/t5 áwrecan recite, sv/t6 galan1 enchant; ~ charms sv/t6 galan1 practice incantation

single [] 1. adj ánfald, ánfeald, ánfealdlic unique, ánlíepig, ánlípig, ánlípe, ánlípie solitary; 2. adv ~ly ánfaldlíce, ánfealdlíce, ánlípum

singular (gram.) [] 1. adj ánfald, ánfeald, ánfealdlic; 2. adv ~ly ánfaldlíce, ánfealdlíce

sink [] sv/t1 ásígan fall down; ~ down sv/t1 ásígan fall down; ~ down sv/t3 ásincan fall to pieces

sinner (shameless ~) [] ǽwiscferinend m, ǽwiscfirina m publican

sir! [] 1. léof m (in addressing persons); 2. O ~! interj lá léof

sire! [] léof m (in addressing persons)

sit over [] sv/t5 ymbsittan reflect upon

site of cottages [] cotstów f

sitting within [] adj insittende

situated [] 1. be ~ sv/i5 licgan1be at rest; 2. ~ beneath adj niðeweard

skein [] clíewen n ball

skiff [] ǽrendscip n small boat

skill [] 1. cræft m ability; gelǽrednes f learning; list m, f experience; 2. without ~ or cunning adj ǽgýpe

skillful [] 1. adj gerád clever, gléawlic diligent; very ~ gearosnotor2 , gearosnottor2, listhendig; 2. ~ly adv cræftiglíce, gléawlíce, listum

skin [] 1. fawn-~ næsc ?; goose-~ cielewearte f; 2. wv/t2 pilian peel; 3. furnished with ~ adj gehýd

skull [] héafodbán n, héafodbolla m, héafodloca m

sky [] lyft f, m, n air; northern ~ norðrodor m

slacken [] wv/t1a áslæccan loosen

slackness [] ǽmelnes f sloth

slander [] hearmcwidolnes f (-se/-sa) slander

slanderer [] hearmcweðend m

slap [] plætt m smack

slaughter [] ácwellednes f

slave [] þéow m; céapcniht m bought servant, góp m servant, hæftincel n, níedling m, níedþéow m; bond-~ nýdþéwetling m; female ~ lýtle f; ~ born in a master’s house inbyrdling m

slavery [] níedhíernes f

slay [] sv/t3 ceorfan1 cut down

slayer [] soul-~ gástbonam the Devil

sleep [] 1. slǽp m; night’s ~ nihtslǽp m; 2. sv/i7 slǽpan, sv/i5 swefan; wv/t2 to cause to ~ slápian; to put to ~ wv/i1a swebban, geswebban; to send to ~ wv/i1a swebban, geswebban;

sleepy [] 1. adj slǽpig; 2. wv/i2 to become ~ slápian, slǽpian;

slight [] 1. adj gehwǽde small; 2. adv hwæthwugu, hwæthwigu, hwæthugu, hwæthwega, hwæthwegu, hwæthwygu

slight [] 1. adj léoht easy; 2. ~ly adv léohtlíce lightly

slip [] wv/t2 gelísian guide

slope [] north ~ norðhylde f; ~ (of a headland) næshlið n declivity; steep ~ clif n promontory

sloping [] adj capiende inclined

sloth [] 1. ǽmelnes f slackness, iergð f, iergðu f remissness; 2. ~ful adj ǽswind idle

slothful [] adj ídelgeorn idle

slough [] insmoh m; ~ (of snake) ǽsmogu n pl

slow [] 1. adj sláw; 2. be ~ wv/t2 latian1be indolent; 3. ~ person lata m

slower [] adv lator [cmp of late; spl latost] later

slowly [] adv lætlíce, late [cmp lator, spl latost], léohtlíce gently

sluggish (grow ~ or dull) [] wv/t2 álatian

sly [] adj prættig cunning

smack [] 1. plætt m slap; 2. wv/t1a plættan buffet, wv/t2 þaccian1beat

small [] 1. adj gehwǽde scanty, gewealden inconsiderable; 2. ~ measure pægel m gill; ~ portion of space or time prica m, price f

smaller [] become ~ wv/t2 nearwian shrink

smallness [] gehwǽdnes f fewness; lýtelnes f; ~ of the eye ǽsmæl n? contraction of the pupil

smear [] wv/t1b lýðran anoint, wv/t2 geasmirian anoint

smell (sweet ~) [] æðelstencm

smite [] wv/t1b átǽsan strike

smooth around [] sv/t1 ymbstrícan

smoothed [] freshly ~ adj nígslýcod glossy

smother [] wv/t1b áðrysman, wv/t2 áðrysemian suffocate

snake [] 1. nǽdre f serpent; kind of ~ nǽdercynn n; slough (of ~) ǽsmogu n pl; 2. spotted like a ~ adj nǽderfáh

snake-charmer [] galere m wizard

snake-tribe [] nǽdercynn n

snappish [] adj numol given to biting

snare [] gehæftednes f captivity, netráp m gin; treacherous ~ inwitgyren f

snatch [] wv/t1a plyccan pluck [only in 2nd sg subj plice; imper plyce]

snuffers [] ísentange f; pair of ~ candeltwist m

soap [] léaðor n soda; ~ for removing hair?  pillsápe f

sob [] wv/i2 geocsian

sobbing [] geocstecca m

sociably [] adv geférlíce

society [] gæd n fellowship, geférrǽden f fraternity, néawest f, m, néawist f, m cohabitation

soda [] léaðor n soap

soft [] 1. adj líðe (cmp lýðre, spl lýðrest?) gentle; 2. ~ly adv léohtlíce gently; 3. ~en wv/t2 geleoðuwácian mitigate

soil [] land n land

soldier [] heremann m; fellow-~ campgeféra m; ~ of the same company incempa m

sole [] 1. adj ánga2 only; 2. ~ly adv ánum alone

sole of foot [] lást m, ile m

solicitude [] ymbhoga m anxiety, ymbhýdignes f anxiety

solid [] adj þicce viscous (of liquids or moist materials)

solitary [] adj ánlic, ánga2, ánlíepig, ánlípig, ánlípe, ánlípie single

solitary life [] ǽnetlíf n

solitude [] ánnes f, ǽmenne ?, ánetnes f, ánett m,n seclusion

solution [] cǽg f, cǽge f, cǽga m experiment

some [] adj gehwilc many

some one [] pron áhwæðer

some time [] adv áhwænne at some time

someone [] m/f pron náthwá; n náthwæt; ~ or other adjectival pron náthwilc2, náthwylc2 [I know not which]

Somersetshire [] Acemannes burh f, Acemannes ceaster f

something [] pron áhwæðer, hwæthwugu, hwæthwigu, hwæthugu, hwæthwega, hwæthwegu, hwæthwygu; ~ or other neut pron náthwæt; m/f náthwá

somewhat [] adv æthwáre, hwæthwugu, hwæthwigu, hwæthugu, hwæthwega, hwæthwegu, hwæthwygu

somewhere [] adv gehwǽr; ~ or other náthwǽr

son [] yrfeweard m heir; spiritual ~ gástsunu2m; ~ of a giant gígantmæcg m

song [] léoð n lay, galdor n incantation, galdorléoð n incantation; evening ~ ǽfenléoð2n; magic ~ galdorcwide m incantation, galdorléoð n spell; prime-~ prímsang m service of prime (6 AM); sacred ~ ymen m hymn; ~ of praise lof n hymn; sorrowful ~ cargealdor n

soon [] 1. ~er adj ǽrra; ~est ǽrest; 2. adv ǽr [cmp ǽror; spl ǽrost, ǽrest, ǽrst] till, ǽror earlier; lungre2quickly; too ~ tó ǽr; how ~? adv hwonne ǽr? when; ~ after þæs ymbe lítel; ~er or later ǽr oððe æfter; neither ~er nor later ne ǽr ne siððan

soothe [] wv/t2 loccian1 attract

soothing [] hierting f

soothsayer [] galdere m sorcerer, galdorgalere m wizard

sorcerer [] galdere m diviner

sorceress [] lybbestre f

sordid [] 1. adj lýðerlic vile; 2. ~ly adv lýðerlíce

sore [] pudd m wound; a little ~ puduc m

sorrow [] caru f anxiety; gyrn2m , n misfortune, inwitsorh2f; welling ~ carwylm m

sorrowful [] adj angmód sad; carig2 anxious

sought [] to be ~ adj ásécendlic

soul []gást m spirit; living ~ gástberend2m man; ~’s king gástcyning m God; ~-slayer gástbonam theDevil; persecutor or foe of ~ gástgeníðla m devil; separation of ~ and body gástgedál2n death

sound [] 1. adj æltǽwe healthy, true; [Goth téwa]; ~ of limb limhál; 2. ~ly adv æltǽwelíce

sound [] 1. galdor n song, hlem m; 2. sv/i3 gyrran, gierran, georran chatter; wv/t2 hlagolian; wv/t2 áhléoðrian resound; overpower with ~ wv/t1b ádýfan; utter a ~ wv/i2 ginian

sound sweetly? [] wv/t2 néomian

sounding [] deep-~ adj hlégende, hléglende

sour [] make bitter or ~ wv/t2 ábiterian, ábitrian embitter

source [] ǽwielm m beginning, héafod n origin

source of life (God) [] líffruma2m

source of light [] léohtfruma2m

southern-wood [] prutene f [L abrotanum] wormwood

sow [] sv/t7 ásáwan; ~ with sv/t7 ásáwan

sow in farrow [] gefearhsugu f

sow love to [] wv/t2 lufian1 love

space [] open ~ plæce f [L platea] street; small ~ nearones f; small portion of ~ or time prica m, price f

space of a night [] nihthwíl f

spacious [] adj géap wide, ginn2wide, numol roomy

span of line [] cálend2m

span or clasp around [] sv/t7 ymbspannan embrace

Spanish [] adj Ispanisc

spare [] wv/t1b lǽfan1 leave behind; wv/t2 árian1be merciful to

sparing [] adj gnéað frugal

spark [] ysl f, ysle f ember

sparrow [] néodspearuwa m

speak [] ~ about sv/t3 ymbsprecan; ~ evil wv/i2 yfelcwedolian; ~ after sv/t5 æftercweðan repeat; ~ evasively wv/t1b fágettan mid wordum; ~ to wv/t1b nǽgan12accost, wv/t1b nemnan address, wv/t2 nemnian address

speaking as one [] adv ánsprǽce

spear [] gafeluc m javelin, gár2m dart, gúðwudu m, heresceaft m; shafted ~ gárholt n

spear-head [] gád f arrow-head

spearman [] gárwigam, gárwígendm warrior

spear-shaft [] gárbéam m, gárwudum lance

special [] adj ánlíepig, ánlípig, ánlípe, ánlípie separate

specter [] gríming m

spectral [] 1. adj gástlic ghastly; 2. ~ly adv gástlíce

speech [] 1. foolish ~ gafsprǽc1f scurrility; opprobrious ~ leahtorcwide m; 2. adj fluent of ~ gearowyrde; ready of ~ gearowyrdig; ~less ǽtinge

speed [] wv/t1b geféran undergo; wv/t2 geǽrendian succeed

spell [] galdor n incantation, galdorléoð n incantation, hagorún f

spend [] wv/t1b cystan lay out

sphere [] clíewen n ball, þóðer m, þóðor m ball

spider [] átorcoppe f, gangewifre f weaver as he goes, lobbe f, loppe f, inspíderwiht f, n [very doubtful]; ~’s web nett n

spike [] píl m stake [L pilum], palstr noun, palster noun point

spikenard [] nard m [L nardus] unguent

spin [] sv/t3 áspinnan, wv/t1b nestan

spindle [] inspinn n

spine [] joints of the ~ gelyndu n pl

spirit [] 1. gást m soul; doomed ~ géosceaftgást m; good or bad ~ gást m angel, demon; sad ~ cargést m devil; thought of ~ gástgehygd2n, gástgemynd n; 2. practicing in the ~ adj gástbrúcende

spirit-bearer [] gástberend2m man

spiritual [] 1. adj gástlic holy; gástcund, innera, innra, inra mental; lǽred1as opposed to temporal; 2. ~ly adv gástlíce; 3. ~ love gástlufu2f; ~ mystery gágerýne2n; ~ son gástsunu2m

spirituality [] gástedóm m

spiritually [] adv inweard mentally

spit [] sv/t7 gebláwan; ~ out wv/t1b áhrǽcan, sv/t7 áspatan

spite [] níð m hatred

spiteful clutch [] inwitfeng m

splendid [] 1. adj æðele fine; 2. ~ly adv? líxende

splendor [] glǽm2m beauty, gleng m, f ornament

split [] sv/t2 cléofan cleave, wv/t1b ásplǽtan?

spoken about [] adj ymbsprǽce well known

sponsor []godsibb m; female ~ gefædere f godmother; male ~ gefædera m godfather

spoon [] læfel m vessel[L labellum]

spoor [] lást m footprint

sport [] 1. gamenn game, plega m game; lác n, f play; 2. make ~ of wv/t1b plegan mock; ~ with wv/t1b plegan amuse oneself

spot [] glemm m blemish, prica m, price f dot

spotted like a snake [] adj nǽderfáh

spread [] sv/i3 iernan flow, wv/t1b lǽdan sprout forth; ~ out wv/t1b ábrǽdan dilate

spring [] 1. ǽwielm m source; heat of ~ lenctenhǽtu f; ǽdre f fountain; 2. of ~ adj lenctenlic vernal; 3. ~ from wv/t2 áwrídian originate

spring [] lenctentíma m, lenctentíd f Lent

spring where cress grows [] cærswill m

sprinkling [] ástrogdnis f, ástregdnes f

sprite [] ælf m, f elf; water-~ nicor m sea-monster

sprout [] 1. cropp m, croppa m flower; 2. ~ forth wv/t1b lǽdan grow

spy [] léasscéawere m

squander [] wv/t1b ýtan dissipate

squirrel [] ácweorna m

staff [] crycc f crutch; gierd f rod; chanter’s ~ canterstæf m; ~ carried by a member of clergy? préostgyrd? f

stage [] gangas m pl platform; yppe f platform

stain [] áwyrðung f aspersion

stain red [] wv/t2gebaswian

stake [] pál m [L palus] post, píl m spike [L pilum]

stalk [] gærswyrt f grass

stall [] crib f crib

stallion [] hengest m, hengst m horse

stamped [] adj ástemped engraved

stand [] ~ around sv/i6 ymbstandan surround; ~ forth sv/i6 ástandan stand up; ~ up sv/i6 ástandan rise up

standard [] herecombol n

standing corn [] yrð f crop

star (noble ~) [] æðeltungol2n

stare about [] wv/t1b gorettan gaze

starry [] adj ástyrred

start [] wv/t1a ástellan undertake; ~ up sv/t3 úp ábregdan awake

state [] princely ~ æðelinghádm; unknown ~ nytennes f; ~ of youth geoguðhád m, geoguðhádnes f

state revenue [] gafolgyld n fiscus

stately [] adj geatolic2adorned

statement [] cýðing f narration

stature [] limwæstm m

statute [] ǽbod m

steadfastness [] ánmódnes f resolution

steadily [] adv gefæstlíce fixedly

steed [] hengest m, hengst m horse

steep [] adj clifig, clifiht, clifihtig, géandele?, géap deep

steep [] wv/t1b indrencan saturate

step [] grád m, gráde f [L] grade; lást m gait; ~s gangas m pl platform

step-daughter [] nift f

stepping-stone [] cleac f

stepson [] nefa m

sterile [] adj gelde

sterling [] adj lícwyrðe1 recognized

stern [] 1. adj heardlic severe; 2. ~ly adv heardlíce

steward [] cǽgheorde m keeper of keys, hláfweard m

stick [] loaded ~ léadstæf m; pointed ~ preg m

stick together [] wv/t1b gelíman join

stiff [] 1. adj þicce dense (of solid material) ; 2. become ~ wv/i2 ástífian

stigmata [] pícung f pricking

still [] adv nú gén, nú gíet as yet, þágíet, þágýt yet

still [] wv/t1a ætstillan, wv/t2 ástillian quiet

sting [] wv/i2 prician1 prick

stinging [] adj numol biting

stipulation [] árǽdnes f condition, gerád n condition

stir about [] wv/t2 ymbstyrian overturn

stitchwort (plant) [] æðelferðingwyrt f

stock [] taxable ~ of bees gafolheord f

stock with cattle [] wv/t2 geierfian

stomach [] innoð m, f entrails; pit of the ~? neweséoða m bowels

stone [] 1. carr m [Keltic] rock; ~ (disease) ceoselstán m; precious ~ gagátes m indecl, gagátstán m agate; pumice-~ pumicstán m; stepping-~ cleac f; 2. adorn with precious ~s wv/t1b ástǽnan

stop [] wv/t1b ástyntan restrain

store [] ærn n building

store up [] wv/t2 gadrian1collect

storehouse [] cíepehús n

storm [] 1. ýst f tempest; 2. ~y ýðig billowy,ýstig; of the ~ adj ýstig; 3. beaten by ~s adv stormum ábéatne; 4. wv/i1b ýstan rage

story (lower ~) [] niðerflór m

story [] lár f history

stout [] 1. adj þicce thick (in a general sense); 2. ~ly adv heardlíce resolutely

straight [] adj gerád

straightway [] núhwænne?

strait (be in ~s) [] wv/t2 nearu þrówian

strait [] nearones f, nearu2 f?, n? danger

straitened [] 1. adj nearolic oppressive; 2. ~ly adv nearolíce

strange [] 1. adj incúð extraordinary; 2. ~ly adv incúðlíce

stranger [] nífara m newcomer

stream [] ǽdre f spring, ǽwyll m, gang m flow, lacu f, laguflód m waters

street [] lád1fway, lanu f lane, plæce f [L platea] open space

strength [] innoðmægen n; physical ~ cræft m might

strengthening [] hierdung f

strenuous [] 1. adj cáf strong; 2. ~ly adv cáfe

stretch out [] wv/t1b ábrǽdan

stretched out [] adj capiende extended

stretching downward [] adj niðerlang

strict [] 1. adj nearu severe; 2. ~ly adv gefæstlíce, heardwendlíce, nearolíce oppressively, nearwe narrowly

strictness [] þearlwísnes f severity

strife [] andsæc m resistance, lác2n, f battle, léodgewinn n, níð m war

strike [] sv/t5 áwrecan pierce; sv/t7 ábéatan beat, wv/t1b getyrfan afflict, wv/t1b pyrtan beat, wv/t1b átǽsan injure; ~ gently wv/t2 þaccian1pat

striking? [] adj genág

string (harp-~) [] hearpestreng m

stringently [] adv nearolíce strictly

strip [] wv/t1a áryddan, wv/t1b áryddran, wv/t1b árydtran plunder; wv/t2 genacian, genacodian lay bare

strip of cloth [] gára m saddle cloth

strip of land (pointed ~) [] gáræcer m

strip of land an acre in extent, lying at the head of a field [] héafodæcer m

strip of ploughland [] æcer m a certain quantity of land

strive [] sv/t3 áwinnan labor; wv/t2 campian1fight, wv/t2 gecampian fight

stroke [] wv/t2 þaccian1 pat

strong [] 1. adj cáf strenuous; ~ as a man ceorlstrang; 2. ~ly adv cáfe

strong liking [] lufu f affection

stronghold [] loc n prison

structure [] geweorc n edifice

struggle [] camp m, n battle

struggling for life [] adj lífbysig

stubble [] healmstréaw n

student [] leornestre f, leorningcild n, leorningcniht m disciple

studiously [] adv fyrwitgeornlíce

study [] 1. lár f, leornung f [dat sing leornunga] learning, gelise n; 2. wv/t2 leornian1 learn

stuff (of costly ~) [] adj pællen

stuff [] household ~ inéddisc n furniture, innierfe n furniture

stultomalus [] adj yfeldysig

stumble against [] sv/t3 andspurnan

stump containing a swarm of bees [] ymbstocc m

stump of an ash-tree [] æscstybb m

sub-deacon [] pistolrǽdere m epistle-reader

subdue [] wv/t1a lissan, wv/t2 lemian1 , wv/t1b ábégan reduce, wv/t1b ábýgan reduce, wv/t2 átemian tame; wv/t1b nǽtan1afflict

subject (to) [] adj gewealden easilycontrolled

subject [] be ~ to wv/t3 habban experience

subjection [] geweald n

submissive [] adj áloten[pptc of álútan]

submit [] wv/i1a cierran1; make to ~ wv/t1a cierran1 reduce

subsequent [] adj yferra (cmp of ufan) after

subside [] sv/i5 licgan1 fail, yield

subsistence [] ástandennes f existence, gehyððu n

substitute [] ǽrendraca m proxy

subterfuge [] hele f

subversion [] áwending f change

succeed [] wv/t2 æfterfolgian, wv/t1b æfterfylgan pursue, wv/t2 geǽrendian speed

success [] geblǽdfæstnes f

succession (in ~) [] adv æfterfylgendlíce

succession [] æfterfylgendnes f, æftergengnes f

successor [] æfterfylgend m follower, æftergenga m, æftergengea m follower, æftergengel m, lástweard m follower, yrfenuma m heir; natural ~ yrfehand f;

such [] adv? þus gerád of this kind

suddenly [] adv lungre2quickly

suffer [] sv/t4 áberan endure, wv/t1b æfnan1endure, sv/t4 niman1tolerate, wv/t2 áðrówian, wv/t1b geféran  undergo; wv/t2 yfelian1become bad; ~ pain sv/i6 acan ache

sufficiently [] adv gearwe entirely, neahhe1, neahhie1, neahhige1

sufficiently great [] adj gód [cmp betera, betra, bettra; spl betest, betst] considerable

suffocate [] wv/t1b áðrysman, wv/t2 áðrysemian smother

suit [] impersonal wv/i2 gehagian please; gif him (hine) tó þǽm gehagige if he can afford it

suitable [] 1. adj geæðele  congenial, natural, gelimplic,gemǽte, hislic fitting, gelumpenlic, gód [cmp betera, betra, bettra; spl betest, betst] valid; 2. adv ~ly gelimplíce

sulphur [] cwicfýr n

summon [] sv/t2 ábéodan call out, sv/t7 ábannan command/order, wv/t2 gelangian send for; wv/t2 laðian call upon, wv/t1b cíegan invoke

summons [] gebann n command; gecígednes f calling; urgent ~ néodlaðu f

Sunday (Palm ~) [] palmdæg m, palmsunnandæg m

sundered [] adj geasyndrod separated

sunset [] ǽfnung f evening

superior [] 1. adj ánfald, ánfeald, ánfealdlic unique; 2. adv ~ly ánfaldlíce, ánfealdlíce

superstition [] æfgælð f, ídelnes f

supervision [] nytt f care

supine [] adj capiende lying on the back; ~ (of the mind) capiende negligent

supper [] ǽfengereordung f, ǽfenmete m

suppliant [] adj geþancol

supply [] wv/t1a ástellan afford; wv/t2 gearwian1 procure; ~ another with anything wv/t2 þegnian1 provide; ~ wants wv/t2 þegnian1serve food

support [] 1. andwist f, lád f maintenance, feorstudu f, feorstuðu f; cantel m?, n? buttress; gebrengnes f food; ~ from the church ciricfultum m; 2. wv/t2 andwreðian, wv/t2 áfercian, wv/t2 áwreðian uphold

supporter [] gehala m confidant, geþafa m favorer

suppose [] sv/t7 lǽtan1

suppress [] wv/t2 ástýfecian eradicate

surfeit [] illeracu f

surge [] 1. ýðgebland n wave-mixture; 2. wv/t2 ýðgian flow

surgical [] adj lácnigendlic

surname [] cúðnama m

surround [] 1. sv/t4 ymbberan, sv/t6 ymbfaran travel around, wv/t1a ymbhlennan; wv/t1a clyppan1 enclose, wv/t1b ymbgyrdan encircle, sv/t7 ymbfón encompass, sv/t7 ymbgangan go around, sv/t7 ymbhón deck, wv/t1b ymbhringan fence around, wv/t3 ymbhabban, irreg v/t ymbgán go around; 2. ~ed adj ymbhammen covered, irreg wv/t1b ymbsellan enclose, sv/i3 ymbiernan run around, sv/t5 ymblicgan enclose, wv/t2 ymblǽrgian provide with a rim, sv/i6 ymbstandan stand around, sv/t5 ymbsittan besiege, wv/t1a ymbsettan encompass, wv/t1b ymbtýnan hedge around, wv/t2 ymbtrymian, sv/t3 ymbweorpan, sv/t6 ymbweaxan grow around, wv/t1b ymbtyrnan , wv/t2 ymbwícgian beleaguer

surrounding [] ymbstandnes f, ymbstandennes f troop

surrounding belt [] ymbgang m circumference

survive [] sv/t1 ábídan, sv/t5 nesan escape from, wv/t1b áspédan escape

susceptible [] adj numol capacious

suspicion [] inca m doubt

suspicious [] 1. adj ymbhýdig, ymbhýdiglic careful; 2. ~ly adv ymbhýdiglíce

sustain [] wv/t1b geæfnan hold

sustenance [] ælifn f, lifen f

swaddling clothes [] cildcláðas m pl

swallow [] wv/t1b glendran devour

swan [] ilfetu f, ilfete f, ilfette f

swarm of bees [] ymbe n; taxable ~ gafolheord f

sway (imperial ~) [] cáserdóm m

swear [] sv/t6 áswerian, wv/t2 gehálsian take an oath

sweep (of a river) [] ymbbígnes f circuit

sweep around [] sv/t7 ymbswápan environ

sweepings [] ǽfyrmða f pl rubbish

sweet (make ~) [] irreg wv/t1b gecyrtenlǽcan

sweet [] adj líðe (cmp lýðre, spl lýðrest?) gracious

sweet smell [] æðelstencm

sweet-smelling [] adj æðele pleasant

swell [] sv/t3 áswellan, sv/t7 ábláwan puff up

swelling [] ábláwung f inflation, áðindung f, cumul n, cuml n; cyrnel m, n (enlarged) gland; ~ of the jaws géagiswile m; internal ~ ingeswel n, innanonfeal m

swiftly [] going ~ adj gearugangende

swine [] pasturage-~ gærsswýn n

swineherd [] lord’s ~ inswán m

swine-herd who paid rent in kind for permission to depasture his stock [] gafolswán m

swineherd who was a chattel on an estate [] ǽhteswán m

swing [] sv/t7 lácan fly

sword [] gúðsweord n, ísen2n iron weapon

sworn [] adj geǽðed under oath

 

T

tail of a cow [] cútægl m

take [] one who ~s by force nýdnima m

take [] sv/t4 niman1 obtain, wv/t1b cépan; wv/t1b gebryidan seize property improperly held by another; wv/t1b lǽdan1bring; irreg wv/t1b læccan1 receive; irreg wv/t1b álæccan catch; ~ an oath wv/t2 gehálsian swear; ~ away sv/t4 ætniman deprive of, wv/t1b genǽman, sv/t4 áberan remove, sv/t3 ábregdan draw back; ~ by force sv/t3 nýdniman abduct; ~ counsel wv/t2 þeahtian1 deliberate upon; ~ effect sv/t4 on niman1; ~ for wv/t2 prófian [L probare]; ~ heed wv/t1b cépan guard; ~ in sv/t2 géopan; ~ place irreg v/i gán1happen; ~ (one) for sv/t7 lǽtan1 for; ~ the part of sv/i5 licgan1 for; ~ the veil sv/t7 hádunge underfón; ~ to wv/t1b cépan bear; ~ to wife sv/t4 niman1; ~ toll wv/t1b ábǽdan exact; ~ up wv/t2 ábisgian fill; ~ upon oneself wv/t2 ástundian; ~ a wife wv/t1b wíf lǽdan

taken [] adj numen; ~ away ábroden, ábrogden freed

taking [] nǽm f receiving; action of ~ niming f

tale [] ~ of days cálendcwide m; ~ of woe inwitspell n

talent [] cræft m skill; ~s æðelu f, n noble qualities

talk [] 1. ymbesprǽc f remark; empty or false ~ léasspellung f; 2. be always ~ing about them wv/t1b cylcan have in one’s mouth

talkative [] adj cwedol eloquent

tall [] adj lang (cmp lengra, spl lengest) long

tame [] wv/t2 átemian subdue

tangible [] adj grápigendlic

tansy [] cost m costmary

tar [] ivy-~ ífigtearu n, ífigtara n resin from tar; resin from ~ ífigtearu n, ífigtara n ivy-tar

tare [] láser m? weed; ~s áte f wild oats

tarred [] newly ~ adj níwtyrwed

tarry [] wv/t1b ieldan1 hesitate

tarrying [] ielding f delay

taste [] 1. ábirging f, ábiring f, anbyrignes f tasting; 2. wv/t1b gebýrgan, sv/t1 ábítan consume, wv/t1b ábirgan eat; have the ~ of them in one’s mouth wv/t1b cylcan

tasting [] anbyrignes f taste

tax [] gafol n duty; néadgafol n tribute; fine for unpaid ~ gyltwíte n; land-~ landgafol n tribute

tax gatherer [] gafolgeréfa m publican

taxable swarm (of bees) [] gafolheord f

taxation (lightness of ~) [] líhtingnes f

tax-free [] adj gafolfréo

teach [] wv/t1b álǽran, wv/t1b gelǽran instruct, wv/t1b lǽran1instruct

teachable [] adj leorningende, lársum

teacher [] 1. láréow m, lárow, láruw, láruwa m master, lársmið2m counselor, lárþegn m; ~ of (God’s) law ǽlǽrend m; function of a ~ láréowdóm m instruction; 2. like a ~ adj láréowlic

teaching [] lárbodung f preaching, lárcwide2m precept; art of ~ lár f preaching, lárdóm m instruction

tear [] sv/t3 ceorfan1; wv/t2 pluccian pluck; ~ away sv/t4 áteran; ~ off wv/t1b árendan; ~ off? wv/t2 gehrifnian become rapacious; ~ to pieces sv/t1 ábítan devour

tedious [] 1. adj langsum lasting, langsumlic; 2. ~ness ǽlengnes f

tedium [] ǽðrytnes f

teeth [] grind the ~ wv/t1a gnyrran

tell [] irreg wv/t1b átellan enumerate, wv/t1b cýðan1relate; wv/t2 geǽrendian ask

tempest [] ýst f storm, ? gár2m piercing cold

temple [] cirice f church (building)

temporary [] adj lǽne transitory

tempt [] wv/i2, wv/t2 w.g. or a. costian1try, wv/t2 fandian1(oft w.g., but also w.d., w.a.) attempt, wv/t2 áfandian try

temptation [] fandung f test

tempter [] costere m, costigend m, cunnere m

tenant [] gafolgielda m tributary

tend [] sv/t3 ymbhweorfan cultivate

tender (legal ~ instead of coin for the rent of a hide of land) [] gafolhwítel m

tender [] adj? níwerne

tent (portable ~) [] ganggeteld n

tergiversation [] ymbcerr m trickery

terrible [] 1. adj þreclic, heardlic harsh, ǽðreclic, ahwlic; 2. ~ly adv heardlíce

terrify [] wv/t1a gebryddan frighten; wv/t1b ágælwan astonish

territory [] ǽhteland n, land n realm, landríce n

terror [] angrisla m; nocturnal ~ nihtegesa m

test [] 1. fandung f trial; 2. sv/t2 céosan1decide; wv/t2 ácunnian try, wv/t2 fandian1(oft w.g., but also w.d., w.a.) try, wv/t2 áfandian try; wv/t2 ácostnian prove

testament [] yrfebéc f pl. will, yrfegewrit n will; cýðnes1f (often of Old and New Testament); the (Old) ~ ǽgesetnes f law-giving

testator [] yrfeweardwrítere m will-writer, yrfewrítend m will writer

tester [] fandere m trier

testify [] wv/t1b cýðan1 confess, wv/t2 gelǽstfullian

testimony []cýðnes1f

text [] gaderung1f

thane [] the condition of being a ~ þegnrǽden f thaneship; the legal rights, duties, and privileges which attached to the rank of ~ þegnlagu f thane-law

thane-law [] þegnlagu f legal rights of thane

thaneship [] þegnrǽden f service

thanking [] þancung f thanks

thanks [] þancung f thanking, þancword n word of thanks

thanksgiving [] þancung f thanking

thatch [] wv/t2 þacian

theater [] pleghús n playhouse

theatrical [] 1. adj gamenlic; 2. ~ly adv gamenlíce

theatrical [] adj gamenlic belonging to games

theft [] security in cases of ~ inborh m bail

then [] adv æfter afterwards

thereabout [] adv þǽrábútan

thereafter [] adv æfter then, æfter þon/þæm/þisum, æfter þæm/þon/þan þe afterwards, þǽræfter

thereamong [] adv þǽrgemang

thereat [] adv þǽræt

thereby [] adv þǽrbig, þǽrbie thus

therein [] adv þǽrbinnan, þǽrin wherein, þǽrinne

thereupon [] adv æfter later

thick [] 1. adj þicce; þicce (of more exact measurement); þicce dense (where objects are placed close together) ; þicce hazy (of air, cloud, darkness, etc.) ; þicce stout (in a general sense) ; þicce viscous (of liquids or moist materials) ; growing ~ þicce numerous; 2. adv ~ly þicce closely (marking closeness of separate objects, or in the texture or composition of a whole), marking abundance

thin [] adj hlanc lean

thing [] beak-shaped ~ nebb n beak; good ~ gód n benefit; harmful ~ láð n insult; necessary ~ néadþing n; ~ needed níedþearf f want

think about [] ~ about wv/t2 leornian1read, irreg wv/t1b ymbþencan consider wv/t1b ymbeþencan, wv/t2 ymbeþridian; ~ out irreg wv/t1b áðencan devise; ~ over wv/t2 geþancmetian deliberate

thirteenth [] adj þréotéoða

thirtieth [] adj þrítigoða

thither [] adv geonofer

thorn-tree [] pricþorn m

thorough [] adj innancund hearty

thoroughfare [] gangweg m

thoroughly [] 1. adj gearwe sufficiently; 2. adv inclíce sincerely, inweardlíce

thought [] gástgehygd2n, gástgemynd n, gástgerýne2n consideration, ymbeþanc m,ymbeþonc m, ymbeþanca m reflection, gehygd f, n mind, geþanc m, n mind, ingeþanc m, n mind, gágerýne2n consideration, geþeaht f, n consideration; evil ~ inwitþanc2m hostile intent, nearoþanc m wickedness; ~ of mind gástgehygd2n, gástgemynd n

thoughtful [] adj geþancful ingenious, gléawhycgende2, gléawhýdig2 prudent, þanchycgende

thoughtless (of the mind) [] adj capiende careless

thread [] ball of ~ or yarn clíewen n

threat [] þéowwracu f threatening

threaten [] wv/t2 áláðian, wv/t2 þéowwracian

threatening [] hlífiend m, þéowwracu f threat

three o’clock [] till ~ adv tó nones

thresh out [] sv/t3 áþerscan

threshing-floor [] þerscelflór f

threshold [] þerscold m, þerscwald m, þerscwold m, þerxold m, þerxwold m border

throat [] þrote f, þrotu f

throb [] wv/t1a clæppan beat

throng about [] sv/t3 ymbþringan press around

through [] prep w.d., rarely a. æt (causal) at; prep w.d.i. æfter during (local and temporal)

throughout [] 1. prep w.d.i. æfter during (local and temporal); 2. adv ǽghwæs altogether

throw down [] wv/t2 niðertorfian

throw in[] wv/t1binræcen pour in

thrown back (with head ~) [] adj capiende haughty

thrown backwards [] adj capiende bent backwards

thrust out [] sv/t5 áwrecan drive away

thunder from the north [] norðþunor m

thunderbolt [] lígetsleht m lightning-stroke

Thursday [] the week of Holy ~ Gangwuce f Rogation week

thus [] adv þǽrbig, þǽrbie thereby

thyme [] wild ~ cunele f, cunelle f, cunille f [Ger quendel]

tickle [] wv/t2 citelian

tickling [] citelung f

tide [] low ~ népflód m ebb

tidings [] ǽrende n news; sad ~ láðspell n

tie [] irreg wv/t1b cnyccan1

tightness of the chest [] angbréost n asthma

till [] adv ǽr [cmp ǽror; spl ǽrost, ǽrest, ǽrst] lately

tilling [] yrð f ploughing

time [] 1. tíma m, tíd f, cierr m turn; approaching ~ néahtíd f; later ~ æfteryld2f, æfteryldo2 after age; small portion of space or ~ prica m, price f; ~ of need níedþearfnes f; ~ of youth geoguðfeorh2n; 2. adv at this ~now; at any ~ á, ǽne, áhwǽr in any way; a long ~ lange (cmp leng/lenge, spl lengest) long; at all ~s áhwænne, ǽr and sið; at any ~ ǽfre ever; at some ~ áhwænne sometime, æt sumum cierre once, ǽne once; at the same ~ ætgædere, ætgæddre, ætgædre, ætgæderum together; some ~ áhwænne at some time; 3. at the ~ of prep w.d., rarely a. æt (temporal) on; 4. have ~ for wv/t2 ǽmtian1 be at leisure

tip (of finger) [] anginn n

title of senior monks [] non m

titmouse [] colmáse f coal-mouse

tittle [] pricel m, pricels m jot

to [] 1. prep w.d. tó; prep w.d. or a. (local) in into, prep w.d.a. into into; prep w.i. (purpose) in for, prep w.a. a for; ~ an age of ages a worulda woruld; prep w.d., rarely a. æt (temporal) until; prep w.d., rarely a. æt (causal) through; 2. prefix? æt-; 3. adv æt near

toad [] padde f, pade f frog, ýce f frog

toad-meadow [] paddaníeg f frog-island

today [] adv héodæg

toe-nail [] nægl m

together [] 1. adv ætgædere, ætgæddre, ætgædre, ætgæderum united, gegadere, geador2unitedly, geférlíce; 2. being ~ gæd n union

toil [] nýdbysgu f trouble

token [] deceitful ~ fácentácen n

told [] adj áboden

tolerable [] adj ácumendlic

tolerate [] sv/t4 niman1 suffer

toll [] 1. níedbád f exaction; ~ on goods carried into market inlád f; seat of custom or ~ céapsceamul m treasury; 2. take ~ wv/t1b ábǽdan exact

toll-collector [] níedbádere m

too soon [] adv tó ǽr

tool (pointed ~) [] píc m pick

tooth (grinding ~) [] grindetóð m molar

top [] héafod n; ypplen n height

torch [] candelwéoce f candlewick; léohtfæt n light; pine-~ cén2m pine [Ger kien]

torment [] 1. cwealmnes f pain; gástcwalu f pains of hell; pínung f punishment, níðhete2m affliction; bodily ~ níedbád f; place of ~ níðloca m, cursung f; ~ of soul gástcwalu f pains of hell; 2. wv/t2 pínian1 [L poena] torture, wv/t3  yfle gehabban afflict

tormented [] be ~ wv/i2 ácwylmian

tormenter [] pínere m

torture [] 1. pín f [L poena] anguish, pínecwalu m? n?, pínnes f pain; instrument of ~ léad n, pínungtól n, clæmnes f; 2. wv/t2 pínian1 [L poena] torment

tossing motion [] gewealc n rolling

touch [] 1. æthrine m, handhrine m; 2. wv/t1a átillan reach; ~ gently wv/t2 þaccian1 stroke

toward [] prep w.d., rarely a. æt (local) into

towards [] prep w.d. or a. (temporal) in about

towel [] handcláð m

tower [] gate-~ geattorr m

town [] castel n village, ceaster f fort, léodburg2f; ~ (esp. with market rights or with a harbor) port m [L portus] harbor; nearest ~ néahceaster f; neighboring ~ or village néahtún m

town-due [] portgeriht n

townsman [] castelmann m, portmann m

trace [] lást m track

track [] 1. gang m footprint, pæð m path, lást m footprint; 2. keep ~ of wv/t2 lást weardian follow closely; ~ out wv/t2 æfterspyrian search

tract of land [] landscearu f country

trade [] 1. céapung f traffic; cræft m handicraft; 2. wv/t2 céapian1bargain

trader [] céapmann m chapman, cíepa m merchant

trading [] cíeping f marketing

trading vessel [] céapscip n

traffic [] 1. céap m purchase; céapung f trade; 2. wv/t1b cýpan1barter

traitor [] hláfordswica m

tranquil [] adj cól calm

transitory [] adj geléorendlic, léorende, lǽne temporary, lǽnelic passing

translate [] wv/t1a cierran1

translated [] adj áwend turned

transmigration [] léorednes1fdeparture

transparent [] adj glæhlútor2clear

trappings [] gearwe2f (usu pl) equipment, geatwe f pl equipments

travel around [] sv/t6 ymbfaran surround, wv/i1b ymbærnan

travel over [] wv/t1a pæððan traverse

traverse [] irreg v/i gán1 walk, wv/t1a pæððan travel over, sv/t6 geondfaran pervade, wv/t1b geondféran go around, sv/i7 gewealcan

treachery [] fácen n fraud, fácensearu2n, fácenstafas m pl deceit

treasure [] 1. gærsum m, n, f riches, goldmáðm m; ~ gold icge gold?; 2. collect ~ wv/t2 goldhordian hoard

treasury [] goldhordhús n, céapsceamul m seat of custom or toll; imperial ~ gafolgyld n fiscus; state ~ gafolgyld n public revenues

treat [] sv/t7 lǽtan1 behave towards; wv/t2 áhrepian; wv/t2 lácnian1 heal

treatise [] lárspell n homily

tree [] cedar-~ cederbéam m, cedertréow n; cherry-~ cyrstréow n; chestnut-~ cystel f, cysten f; fir-~ gyrtréow n, æbs f? [L: abies]; laurel-~ laurtréow n; mast of ~s æcern n nut; oak-~ ácbéam m; palm-~ palm m, palma m, palmtréo m; peach-~ persoctréow n; pear-~ pirie f, pirige f; pine-~ pínbéam m, píntréow n; plum-~ plúme f, plúmtréow n; silver fir-~ ábies f; stump of an ash-~ æscstybb m; thorn-~ pricþorn m

trefoil [] clǽfre f

tremble [] wv/i2 ábifian quake, wv/i2 ácwacian

trench [] grafet n

trial [] ácunnung f experience, áfandung f experience; fandung f investigation

tribe [] léodscearu f tribe; neighboring ~ néahmǽgð f

tribune [] yppe f high seat

tributary [] 1. adj gafollic fiscal; 2. gafolgielda m debtor, gafolgyldere m debtor, gafolgylda m tribute-payer; ~-payer gafolgielda m tenant

tribute [] 1. gafol n tax, gafolrǽden f rent, gombe2f, landgafol n land-tax, néadgafol n tax, nýdgild n exaction, nýdriht n due; place of ~ or custom gafolmanung f; yearly ~ géar n; 2. seize as ~ wv/t2 gafolian1confiscate; ~-blanket gafolhwítel m legal tender instead of coin for rent of a hide of land; ~-payer gafolgylda m tributary, gafolgyldere m debtor; ~-penny gafolpenig m; ~-swain gafolswán m; ~-whittle gafolhwítel m tribute-blanket; 3. of or belonging to ~ adj gafollic fiscal

trick [] cræft m fraud, lotwrenc m deceit, prætt m craft, hinderhóc m; evil ~ nearowrenc m

trickery [] lárswice m, ymbcerr m tergiversation, léasbréd m cheating

trickster [] léasbréda m

tricky [] adj prættig cunning

tried [] adj ácostnod, cost12 chosen

trier [] fandere m tester

trifling [] 1. adj léoht inconsiderable; 2. ~ly adv? ídelinga

trim (lamp) [] wv/t1b glengan1decorate

trip [] wv/t1b intrepettan dance; ~ up wv/t1b áhyltan

troop [] gumféða m; ymbstandnes f, ymbstandennes f band, herescipe m; iron-clad ~ ísenþréat m; one of the household ~s innheardmann m

trouble [] ábisgung f; grama m rage; angnes f anxiety, nearones f anxiety; níð m grief, níed f emergency, níedþearfnes f; nýdbysgu f toil; help in ~ nýdhelp f, m

troubled [] adj geænged anxious

troublesome [] 1. adj carful; 2. adv ~ly carfullíce

true [] 1. adj æltǽwe sound; [Goth téwa]; clǽne honorable; 2. ~ly adv æltǽwelíce

trunk [] ~ (body) leap m; líchama m; ~ (of an elephant) nypel m

trust [] 1. geléaffulnes f faith; 2. ~worthy adj léafful1faithful; 3. ~fully adv gelíefedlíce; ~worthily léaffullíce; 4. wv/t1b, wv/i1b líefan1 confide in

try [] wv/i2, wv/t2 w.g. or a. costian1prove, wv/t2 ácunnian test, wv/t2 fandian1(oft w.g., but also w.d., w.a.) attempt, wv/t2 áfandian test, wv/t2 ácostnian test; ~ to obtain wv/t2 fácian get

tub [] cýf f vat

tube [] pípe f [L] pipe; ~ for drinking sacramental wine from chalice pípe f [L]

tufts of gale [] gagelcroppan m pl

tumult [] prass m pomp

tunic [] (man’s) ~ cyrtel m coat

turn [] 1. cierr m occasion, ymbhwyrft m rotation; 2. wv/t1a, wv/i1a cierran1change; sv/i3 iernan grind; ~ (oneself) about wv/r2 ymbwærian turn towards; ~ around sv/t3 ymbhweorfan revolve; wv/t1a ymbcyrran go around, wv/t1b ymbtyrnan, wv/t1b ymbwendan; ~ away wv/t1b ymbwendan avert; ~ back wv/i1a cierran1return; ~ oneself wv/i1a cierran1 turn back; ~ out irreg v/i gán1happen; ~ towards wv/r2 ymbwærian turn (oneself) about

turned [] adj áwend translated

turning [] cierring1f conversion; a ~ gehweorf n; ~ about ymbcerr m going; ~ again géanhwyrft m

turnip [] nǽp m rape

twelve [] num twelf; ordinal twelfta

twenty [] num twéntig; ordinal twéntigoða

twice [] adv tuwa, twiwa; ~ as long tú swá lang; prefix twi-

twig [] gierd f rod; ivy-~ ífigtwig n; palm-~ palmtwig n

twilight [] ǽfenglóm m, ǽfenglóma m, ǽfenglómung f gloaming

twinkling of an eye [] préowthwíl f moment, princ? ? moment

twins [] lífgetwinnan m pl

twist [] sv/i2 lúcan intertwine

two [] num twégen m, tú n, twá f; gen twéga/twégra, dat twǽm/twám


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