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Landscapes of the state of Maine

 

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Caribou Mountain is located in Franklin County, Maine, in a region which features characteristic New England mountain country landscapes, near the Maine-New Hampshire border. It is part of the White Mountain National Forest, a vast 750,000-acre (3,035 km2) forest administered by the U.S. Forest Service (about only 5.5% of this forest is in Maine, since most of it is in the state of New Hampshire).

The majestic peak of Caribou Mountain offers a nearly 360-degree panorama with stunning views of other neighboring mountains such as: Bigelow, Mount Blue, Mount Kearsarge, Pleasant Mountain, Speckled Mountain, Tumbledown, among others.

Caribou Mountain is part of the Longfellow Mountains, a subrange of the Appalachian Mountains. It harbours a rich fauna of coyotes, bears and moose. In spite of its name, visitors cannot find any caribou roaming the dense forests of Caribou-Speckled Mountain Wilderness, an area designated by Congress in 1990. According to the legend, the last caribou of the region was shot in this mountain in 1854 by two brothers whose names are still carved on top of the mountain. That's why it took this name.

How to get here: From Portland, Maine; travel northwest on US Route 302 to Freyburg, Maine. Then, from Freyburg travel north on Maine State Route 113 for 24.8 miles (39.9 kms) to the parking area.
 
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Bunker Ledge Monument is located in a small island of Hancock County, Maine, between Mount Desert Island and Little Cranberry Island.

This area is part of the Acadia National Park, a place with all kind of landscapes made up of impressive mountains, woodland, islands and the sea (the Atlantic Ocean).
 
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Acadia National Park is located in the state of Maine, about 160 miles (257 kms) northeast of Portland and about 50 miles south-southeast of Bangor. With an area of 49,052 acres (198.5 km2) it offers stunning landscapes made up of a variety of geographical features, from high mountains and beautiful valleys covered by dense forests to rocky and sandy beaches on the Atlantic Ocean. This is a place where woodlands, mountains and sea meet in a perfect natural mixture.

It is divided into three main areas. The largest area is on Mount Desert Island. The second largest part of Acadia National Park is at Schoodic Peninsula, on the mainland. The smallest part is on Isle Au Haut, Baker Island and Bar Island.

This is an all year-round destination perfect for a variety of activities such as cross country winter skiing, hiking, fishing, dog sledding and skijoring, scenic drives, wildlife viewings, and biking. It is also famous for its fall foliage.

The nearest town is Bar Harbor, located on Mount Desert Island, and used as home base by lots of visitors.

Some of the highlights of the Acadia National Park include:

Cadillac Mountain: A majestic mountain with stunning views and lots of miles of hiking trails.

Carriage Roads and Bridges: A network of 57 miles (92 kms) of woodland roads and stone bridges built between 1913 and 1940, financed by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. They are used by bikers, hikers, carriages and horseback riders.

Hiking Trails: There are over 120 miles (193 kms) of hiking trails in Acadia National Park.

Mount Desert Island: With an area of 108 square miles (280 km2), it is the second largest island on the eastern seabord of the United States of America, behind Long Island (in New York). With a population of about 10,600, it offers a diverse variety of accomodation. It got its name from the French explorer Samuel de Champlain in 1604, because of the high barren peaks he saw. He named it Isle des Monts Desert (in french it means Island of the barren mountains).

Wildlife viewing: About 300 species of birds are part of the rich ecosystem of the park.

 
The photograph above shows a view of Egg Rock Overlook in Acadia National Park.

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Acadia National Park is located in the state of Maine, about 160 miles (257 kms) northeast of Portland and about 50 miles south-southeast of Bangor. With an area of 49,052 acres (198.5 km2) it offers stunning landscapes made up of a variety of geographical features, from high mountains and beautiful valleys covered by dense forests to rocky and sandy beaches on the Atlantic Ocean. This is a place where woodlands, mountains and sea meet in a perfect natural mixture.

It is an all year-round destination perfect for a variety of activities such as cross country winter skiing, hiking, fishing, dog sledding and skijoring, scenic drives, wildlife viewings, and biking. It is also famous for its fall foliage.
  

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With an area of 108 square miles (280 km2), Mount Desert Island is the second largest island on the eastern seabord of the United States of America, behind Long Island (in New York). With a population of about 10,600, it offers a diverse variety of accomodation. It got its name from the French explorer Samuel de Champlain in 1604, because of the high barren peaks he saw. He named it Isle des Monts Desert (in french it means Island of the barren mountains).

Mount Desert Island is home of Acadia National Park and Bar Harbor, its biggest town.
   

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This lighthouse stands on Bear Island, an 11-acre (0.044 km2) islet 1,200 feet (365 meters) south of Mount Desert Island, at the entrance of Northeast Habor. Since it is privately leased, it can't be visited and is better seen by boat. Its tower has a height of 31 feet (9.45 meters).

When Captain Joseph Smith of the U.S. Navy visited Mount Desert Island in 1837 during a special voyage searching for sites requiring the construction of lighthouses, he concluded that nowhere else in this highly frequented by vessels area, a lighthouse was so much required as on the small islet called Bear.

The owner of the islet was William Moore, who demanded US$ 500 for the island even though he had bought it for just US$ 101.17. Finally, the lighthouse was built in 1839. Later, in 1852 it was damaged by a fire and rebuilt in 1853, using many of the original materials of the building (according to some lighthouse specialists).

In 1888, the keeper's stone house was in poor state, so it was rebuilt and completed in 1889, keeping the same characteristics as the old one.

In 1899, telephone service was installed in the islet.

By the 1980s, it was deteriorated and deactivated for several years. In 1987, it got under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service, and with the help of the Friends of Acadia it was relit in 1989. Meanwhile, it was added on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988.

 
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Bass Harbor Head Lighthouse is located on a cliff at the southern tip of Mount Desert Island, Maine (inside the Acadia National Park). It was built in 1858 and it has a height of 56 feet (17 meters).

In 1876, a fog bell and a tower were added. Later, in 1898, that bell was replaced by a larger 4,000 pound (1,812 kg) bell. In 1988 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places.

Nex to it, there is a well-preserved keeper's house with minor changes since it was built in 1858. However the keeper's house is not used anymore.

The Bass Harbor cliff where the lighthouse stands on, offers stunning views of the islands, mountains and cliffside landscapes around.
 
To get here, travel southwest on Route 1A from Bangor to Ellsworth. From Ellsworth travel south on Route 3 to Trenton, Maine and continue across the causeway onto Mount Desert Island. Once in Mount Desert Island, follow Route 102 all across the island to the south. Before the entrance to the town of Tremont, located in the southern part of the island, follow Route 102A south. Where the route turns left, follow straight on Lighthouse Road to the end of the road at the southern tip of the island.

 
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The rocky coast of Acadia National Park in the state of Maine.
 
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The 110 feet high (about 33 meters) Otter Cliff, product of thousands of years of erosion, offers fairytale landscapes on the eastern side of Mount Desert Island, Maine.

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A house near Bar Harbor. Bar Harbor is the largest town in Mount Desert Island, with a population of about 5,200.
 

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The 110 feet high (about 33 meters) Otter Cliff, on the eastern side of Mount Desert Island, Maine.

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Bar Harbor is the largest town in Mount Desert Island, with a population of about 5,200. In 1604, Samuel de Champlain named the island "Isle des Monts Desert" because he saw the summits of the mountains were barren and rocky (while the rest of the island is covered by thick forests). The city of Bar Harbor was settled between the 1760s and 1770s. Later it was incorporated on February 23, 1796. The town's original name was Eden and it was changed in 1918 to Bar Harbor, its current name.

During the second half of the 19th century it was a popular summer destination. The first hotel in Bar Harbor (the Agamont House) was built by Tobias Roberts in 1855. Until the 1880s there was a land boom in the area, when many rich people built cottages here.

During those years, George B. Dorr and Charles W. Eliot woked to establish a National Park in the area, later they were joined by John D. Rockefeller. In 1916, the park was organized under the name of Sieur de Monts monument. Then, in 1919 it was renamed Lafayette National Park, and finally in 1929 it took its current name: 
Acadia National Park. George B. Dorr became the first Superintendant of the Park.

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